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Ram cichlid (M. ramirezi)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Cichlidae
Subfamily: Geophaginae
Genus: Mikrogeophagus
Type species
Apistogramma ramirezi
G. S. Myers & Harry, 1948
  • Microgeophagus Frey, 1957 (not available)
  • Microgeophagus Axelrod 1971
  • Papiliochromis Kullander 1977[1]

Mikrogeophagus is a genus of small cichlids native to the Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America. Both species are popular with aquarists, especially M. ramirezi.

These species spawn on flat rocks or leaves and not in caves like fishes from the closely related cichlid genus Apistogramma.[2]


The currently recognized species in this genus are:[3]


  1. ^ http://research.calacademy.org/redirect?url=http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatget.asp&tbl=genus&genid=9717
  2. ^ Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In: R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Mikrogeophagus in FishBase. February 2013 version.