This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Foundry||Nebiolo (source), Linotype, URW|
|Variations||Eurostile (Normal & Condensed variant)|
Microgramma is a sans serif font which was designed by Aldo Novarese and Alessandro Butti for the Nebiolo Type Foundry in 1952. It became popular for use with technical illustrations in the 1960s and was a favourite of graphic designers by the early seventies, its uses ranging from publicity and publication design to packaging, largely because of its availability as a Letraset typeface. Early typesetters (like the AM Varityper) also incorporated it.
Novarese later developed Eurostile in 1962, (a normal and condensed typeface variant) very similar to Microgramma. Eurostile added lower-case letters, a bold condensed variant, and an ultra narrow design he called Eurostile Compact.
Microgramma is almost always used in its extended and bold extended forms (pictured). Initially, it was a titling font with only uppercase letters. Later versions, by Linotype and URW/Nebiolo, contain a lowercase as well, making it functionally identical to Eurostile. These digital versions also include accented Latin characters, mathematical symbols, and Latin ligatures. In the URW/Nebiolo version, there are also extended Latin, subscripts and superscripts, and extended Latin ligatures.
Microgramma OnlyShadow is a variant of Microgramma Bold that contains only the shadows of Microgramma Extended Bold, designed by URW Studio and Aldo Novarese in 1994. Although Alessandro Butti died in 1959, URW credited him as the designer of the new font.
The Euro sign in the font has a different weight, styled from a different font family, and is not shadowed.
Microgramma in popular culture
Science fiction films and TV programmes quickly started using the typeface.
Microgramma and its related variations are used throughout the original Alien franchise films, as well as the more recent reincarnations. Weyland-Yutani, the primary corporate conglomerate within both the earlier and recent Alien films (including the recent genre crossover Alien vs. Predator franchise films), features use of Microgamma and its Bold Extended typeface in its corporate logo, although not exclusively.
The Microgramma Bold Extended typeface was used extensively in the Star Trek universe, such as Franz Joseph's The Star Trek Star Fleet Technical Manual. The font, in both its original and various altered forms, was incorporated into numerous displays and on ship exteriors in six of the Star Trek motion pictures, as well as depictions of "earlier technology" display screens, particularly for the Enterprise "prequel" series, during the four later television series.
A modified version of Microgramma Bold Extended (sometimes called Starfleet Bold Extended) was used for the main hull registry number for Starfleet ships beginning with Star Trek: The Motion Picture in 1979. Some characters were modified, and all characters have red piping outlining them.
Following the 2016 WWE Brand Extension Draft and WWE Battleground 2016, WWE Raw unveiled a new logo which used Microgramma font, and all title cards and graphics on the show used this font as well. Coincidentally, the following night, WWE SmackDown Live also unveiled a new logo - although it did not use Microgramma, all title cards and graphics on the show used the font as well.
- 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
- 2010: The Year We Make Contact (1984)
- Back to the Future (1985) (Plutonium Chamber label)
- Back to the Future Part II (1989) (Mr. Fusion)
- The Andromeda Strain (1971)
- The Truman Show
- Disney/Pixar's The Incredibles.
- Convoy (1978)
- The Gerry Anderson TV series programmes Thunderbirds, Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, Joe 90, Space: 1999, and UFO.
- Rede Globo used the typeface in its programming from the early 70s to 1976, when was replaced by Globo Face, a derivative font from the Avant Garde typerface. Rede Globo returned to use the typeface on the Show da Virada program, in the 2007 new years eve, at the opening credits, using it also in the logo of 'Duas Caras' telenovela.
- Nickelodeon's Drake & Josh also used this typeface.
- Red Dwarf
- NBC News used the typeface in their graphics from 1990 to 1992
- Deal or No Deal logo
- Ipaglaban Mo logo
- Saksi logo
- The Wall logo
- Used by Network Ten in their logo from 1991 to 2018
- Used as the title text for the Eurovision Song Contest 1975
The Penn Central (Railroad) wordmark used Microgramma Bold Extended Italic.
- The TRS-80 Color Computer keyboard.
- The Commodore VIC-20 keyboard (early models inherited the keyboard style from previous Commodore computers, especially the 3000/4000/8000 series).
- The Tame Impala logo.
- The Embraer logo
- The call letters in logos for MyNetworkTV affiliates.
- The Casio logo.
- The Ampex Corporation logo.
- The Halliburton logo.
- The IMAX logo.
- The KASKUS logo.
- The Occidental Petroleum (OXY) logo.
- The Wicked Weasel logo.
- Both the current and previous logos of Toshiba use variants of Microgramma.
- Microgramma is the in-game Doom 3 font.
- Most user interface text in the StarCraft and StarCraft II video games.
- Homeworld game series.
- The Unicamp logo.
- Used by The Human League, on all pre-Dare releases ("Being Boiled" through to "Boys And Girls"). Was also used on the cover of their compilations The Golden Hour of the Future, The Very Best Of and Original Remixes & Rarities.
- Used on Metallica's Master of Puppets album.
- Used on Sleater-Kinney's Dig Me Out album.
- Used by Radiohead in their breakthrough albums, The Bends and OK Computer.
- The logotype for the US rock band Hurt.
- The logotype for the band Pendulum.
- Used as part of the logos for the games Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver.
- Moog Prodigy front panel inscriptions.
- The logotype for Codemasters, as well as used in the Grid series of games.
Many automobile manufacturers in the 1980s and the 1990s, notably Chrysler, General Motors, Honda and Nissan, use Microgramma on the interior gauges and switches of their vehicles. Abarth also use the font extensively.
Used by Red Bull Racing for their driver numbers.
Microgramma was also the logo font used by Alienware computers until 2016.