|Foundry||Nebiolo (source), Linotype, URW|
Microgramma is a sans serif font which was designed by Aldo Novarese and Alessandro Butti for the Nebiolo Type Foundry in 1952. It became popular for use with technical illustrations in the 1960s and was a favourite of graphic designers by the early seventies, its uses ranging from publicity and publication design to packaging, largely because of its availability as a Letraset typeface. Early typesetters (like the AM Varityper) also incorporated it.
The typeface is almost always used in its extended and bold extended forms (pictured). Initially, it only had upper-case letters. Later versions, by Linotype and URW/Nebiolo, contain lower case letters, accented Latin characters, mathematical symbols, and Latin ligatures. In the URW/Nebiolo version, there are also extended Latin, subscripts and superscripts, extended Latin ligatures.
Novarese himself later developed Eurostile in 1962, a typeface very similar to Microgramma. Eurostile added lower-case letters, a bold condensed variant, and an ultra narrow design he called Eurostile Compact.
Microgramma OnlyShadow is a variant of Microgramma Bold that contains only the shadows of Microgramma Extended Bold, designed by URW Studio and Aldo Novarese in 1994. Although Alessandro Butti died in 1959, URW credited him as the designer of the new font.
The Euro sign in the font has a different weight, styled from a different font family, and is not shadowed.
Microgramma in popular culture
Microgramma and its related variations are used throughout the original Alien franchise films, as well as the more recent reincarnations. Weyland-Yutani, the primary corporate conglomerate within both the earlier and recent Alien films (including the recent genre crossover Alien vs. Predator franchise films), features use of Microgamma and its Bold Extended typeface in its corporate logo, although not exclusively.
Microgramma is also present, albeit briefly, in Joss Whedon's FOX television series Firefly (once again manifested within the Weyland-Yutani logo). Whedon, who wrote the screenplay for the 1997 film Alien: Resurrection (the fourth instalment of the Alien franchise), included the Weyland-Yutani logo within the operating interface of a cannon utilised in the Firefly pilot episode by the series protagonist, Malcolm Reynolds. However, Microgramma does not feature again throughout the series proper or the Universal feature film 'Serenity.
The Microgramma Bold Extended typeface was used extensively in the Star Trek universe, such as Franz Joseph's The Star Trek Star Fleet Technical Manual. The font, in both its original and various altered forms, was incorporated into numerous displays and on ship exteriors in six of the Star Trek motion pictures, as well as depictions of "earlier technology" display screens, particularly for the Enterprise "prequel" series, during the four later television series.
- 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
- 2010: The Year We Make Contact (1984)
- Back to the Future Part 2 (1989) (Mr. Fusion)
- The Andromeda Strain (1971)
- The Truman Show
- Disney/Pixar's The Incredibles.
- The Gerry Anderson TV series programmes Thunderbirds, Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, Joe 90, Space: 1999, and UFO.
- Rede Globo used the typeface in its programming from 1965 to 1976.
- Nickelodeon's Drake & Josh also used this typeface.
- Red Dwarf
- NBC News used the typeface in their graphics from 1990 to 1992
- The Tame Impala logo.
- The Embraer logo
- The call letters in logos for MyNetworkTV affiliates.
- The Casio logo.
- The Ampex Corporation logo.
- The Halliburton logo.
- The IMAX logo.
- The Occidental Petroleum (OXY) logo.
- Both the current and previous logos of Toshiba use variants of Microgramma.
- Most user interface text in the StarCraft and StarCraft II video games.
- Homeworld game series.
- The Unicamp logo.
- Used by The Human League, on all pre-Dare releases ("Being Boiled" through to "Boys And Girls"). Was also used on the cover of their compilations The Golden Hour of the Future, The Very Best Of and Original Remixes & Rarities.
- Used on Metallica's Master of Puppets album.
- The logotype for the band Pendulum
- In-game speech text for the game Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver.
Many car manufacturers in the 1980s and the 1990s, notably Honda and Nissan, use Microgramma on the interior gauges and switches of their vehicles. Abarth also use the font extensively. Radiohead used Microgramma in their breakthrough albums, The Bends and OK Computer,. US rock band Hurt used it for their logo.