Micrommata ligurina

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Micrommata ligurina
Micrommata ligurina 1.JPG
Female M. ligurina near Livorno, Tuscany, Italy
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Family: Sparassidae
Genus: Micrommata
Species: M. ligurina
Binomial name
Micrommata ligurina
C. L. Koch, 1845
Synonyms
  • Micrommata ligurinum
  • Sparassus ligurinus
  • Sparassus pilosus

Micrommata ligurina is a species of huntsman spider.[1] It was first described by Carl Ludwig Koch in 1845.[1][2][3]

Description[edit]

In the females of Micrommata ligurina the body length can reach 9–14 millimetres (0.35–0.55 in), while in the males it is about 6–9 millimetres (0.24–0.35 in).[4] The carapace is long and narrow and the abdomen is elongate. The cephalothorax and the long legs of the females are bright green, with a lighter green abdomen showing an almost indistinct median band.[4]

This spider is very similar to the green huntsman spider (Micrommata virescens), but the females have a black dot on the carapace. Moreover the adult males of M. ligurina have a dark brown median band on abdomen with whitish or gray sides.[4]

The eight eyes are arranged in two rows and surrounded by white hairs. Adults can be found in late winter and in early spring.

Distribution[edit]

Micrommata ligurina occurs from the Mediterranean Basin to Central Asia.[1][2] The range of this species includes Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Malta, Portugal, Romania and Spain.[4][5]

Habitat[edit]

These huntsman spiders live on herbaceous vegetation.[4]

Gallery[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Koch, C. L. (1845). Die Arachniden. Nürnberg, Zwolfter Band, pp. 1–166.
  • Kulczyński, W. (1911a). Fragmenta Arachnologica. XVI, XVII. Bulletin International de l'Académie des Sciences de Cracovie 1911: 12-75.
  • Lecigne, S. (2013). Contribution à l'inventaire aranéologique de Corfou (Grèce) (Arachnida, Araneae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28: 177-191.
  • Levy, G. (1989). The family of huntsman spiders in Israel with annotations on species of the Middle East (Araneae: Sparassidae). Journal of Zoology, London 217: 127-176.
  • Simon, E. (1870b). Aranéides nouveaux ou peu connus du midi de l'Europe. Mémoires de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (2) 3: 271-358.
  • Simon, E. (1874b). Etudes aracnologiques. 3e mémoire. V. Révision des espèces européennes de la famille des Sparassidae. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (5) 4: 243-279.
  • Simon, E. (1875a). Les arachnides de France. Paris 2, 1-350.
  • Simon, E. (1932). Les arachnides de France. Tome VI. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae; 4e partie. Paris 6, 773-978.
  • Urones, C. (2004). El género Micrommata (Araneae, Sparassidae) en la Península Ibérica, con la descripción do dos nuevas especies. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 10: 41-52.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Platnick, Norman I. (10 December 2011). "Fam. Sparassidae". The World Spider Catalog, Version 12.5. New York, NY, USA: American Museum of Natural History. doi:10.5531/db.iz.0001. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Catalogue of life
  3. ^ Biolib
  4. ^ a b c d e Jørgen Lissner The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
  5. ^ Fauna europaea

External links[edit]