Micronesian constitutional referendum, 2002

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Federated States
of Micronesia
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politics and government of
the Federated States of Micronesia

A constitutional referendum was held in the Federated States of Micronesia on 27 August 2002. Voters were asked whether they approved of 14 separate amendments to the country's constitution. To be approved, the proposal required at least 75% of voters in at least three of the four states to vote in favour.[1] Ultimately all 14 proposals were rejected, as none passed the 75% threshold in any state.

Background[edit]

The Micronesian constitution requires a referendum to be held every 10 years on convening a constitutional convention.[1] Such a referendum had been held in 1999, with a majority in favour of a convention.[1] A Constitutional Convention was subsequently elected in 2001. It sat from 12 November until 26 December 2001 and proposed 14 constitutional amendments.[1]

On 8 March 2002 President Leo Falcam proposed holding a referendum on two proposals (electoral system and direct election of the president and vice president) on 27 August and the remaining eleven proposals to be held alongside the 2003 parliamentary elections.[1] However, he changed the plans on 19 April so that all 14 proposals would be put to voters on the same day.[1]

Proposed constitutional amendments[edit]

Ref no. Proposal
CP 01-01 To amend Article XI, section 2 of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, to require that a minimum of four justices shall serve on the bench of the FSM Supreme Court; to require that at least one justice reside in each of the four states; and to provide that the Chief Justice may appoint a justice pro tem if a vacancy that causes the total number of justices to fall below four is not filled within one year.[1]
CP 01-02 To amend Article III, sections 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia to allow FSM citizens to hold dual citizenship.[2]
CP 01-05 To amend Article XI, sections 6(a) and 6(b) of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia by deleting the words "including the trial division of the Supreme Court" and inserting an exception to the relevant Article that will prohibit or strip the National Courts of any jurisdiction whatsoever in cases where ownership of land and waters are at issue regardless of the diversity of citizenship.[3]
CP 01-07 To enact a new section 8 of Article XIII of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, to provide for full faith and credit among the States.[4]
CP 01-08 To enact a new section 4 of Article XII of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, to create the Office of the Independent Prosecutor.[5]
CP 01-09 To enact a new section 8 of Article X of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, to provide for a continual annuity for former Presidents and Vice Presidents and to renumber sections 8 and 9.[6]
CP 01-11 To amend Article XIII, section 1 of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, to require the National Government to establish certain standards for primary and secondary schools and to establish a fund to help the schools meet those standards.[7]
CP 01-13 To amend Article IX, section 3 of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia by enacting a new subsection (d) for the purpose of conferring on the National Government and State Governments the concurrent power to levy value-added taxes.[8]
CP 01-15 To amend Article IX, section 5 of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia for the purpose of altering the distribution of tax revenue between the National Government and the States to increase the States' share of revenue from not less than 50 percent to not less than 80 percent.[9]
CP 01-16 To amend Article IX, section 8 of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, to provide for the number of at large members and the length of terms of members of Congress, and a limitation on the number of years a member of Congress may serve.[10]
CP 01-21 To amend Article X, sections 1, 4, 5 and 6 of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, to provide for direct election of the President and Vice President.[11]
CP 01-24 To amend Article XII, section 1(b) of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, relating to foreign financial assistance.[12]
CP 01-25 To amend Article IX, sections 8 and 20 of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, to provide for the number of votes required to pass a bill on First and Second Readings.[13]
CP 01-26 To amend Article IX, subsection 2(q) of the Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, to provide for the number of votes required to override a Presidential veto.[14]

Results[edit]

Proposal For Against Invalid/
blank votes
Total
votes
Registered
voters
Turnout
Votes % States Votes % States
CP 01-01 7,527 52.23 0 6,885 47.77 4 536 15,005 67,099 22.36
CP 01-02 7,739 54.14 0 6,555 45.86 4 711
CP 01-05 7,728 53.69 0 6,666 46.31 4 611
CP 01-07 7,718 53.58 0 6,686 46.42 4 601
CP 01-08 7,600 53.84 0 6,516 46.16 4 889
CP 01-09 3,757 25.89 0 10,752 74.11 4 496
CP 01-11 9,037 63.30 0 5,239 36.70 4 729
CP 01-13 7,284 50.49 0 7,142 49.51 4 579
CP 01-15 8,263 57.50 0 6,108 42.50 4 634
CP 01-16 6,210 43.14 0 8,186 56.86 4 609
CP 01-21 7,589 52.87 0 6,765 47.13 4 651
CP 01-24 8,001 53.92 0 6,837 46.08 4 167
CP 01-25 7,154 49.85 0 7,197 50.15 4 654
CP 01-26 7,555 53.24 0 6,635 46.76 4 815

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: At least four judges in the Supreme Court, at least one per state Direct Democracy (German)
  2. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Dual citizenship Direct Democracy (German)
  3. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Oberstes Gericht befindet nicht mehr über Land- und Wasserfragen Direct Democracy (German)
  4. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Verbindlichkeit der Entscheidungen der Staaten untereinander Direct Democracy (German)
  5. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Introduction of an Ombudsman Direct Democracy (German)
  6. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Renten für ehemalige Präsidenten und Vizepräsidenten Direct Democracy (German)
  7. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Bildungsziele und nötige Mittel dazu Direct Democracy (German)
  8. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Bund und Staaten dürfen Mehrwertsteuer erheben Direct Democracy (German)
  9. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Proportion of tax revenues to states to at least 80% Direct Democracy (German)
  10. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Size of congress and term length restrictions Direct Democracy (German)
  11. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Direct election of the president and vice president Direct Democracy (German)
  12. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Verteilung ausländischer Finanzhilfe Direct Democracy (German)
  13. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Majority for laws in the second reading Direct Democracy (German)
  14. ^ Federated States of Micronesia, 27 August 2002: Majority to overturn a presidential veto Direct Democracy (German)