Microphis insularis

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Andaman pipefish
Scientific classification
M. insularis
Binomial name
Microphis insularis
Hora 1925[1]

Microphis insularis, also known as the Andaman pipefish, is a species of freshwater pipefish belonging to the family Sygnathidae.[1] This species is found only in rivers and streams located in the Andaman Islands, India.[2][3] They can reach 16 cm (6.3 in) in length and reproduce through ovoviviparity, in which males carry eggs and give live birth.[4][3] The Andaman pipefish is considered threatened likely due to the effects of habitat degradation, invasive species, and the alteration of flow of its freshwater habitats [5].


  1. ^ a b c Pollom.R (2017). "Microphis insularis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017". doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T169612A67620829.en.
  2. ^ Dawson, C.E. 1984. Revision of the Genus Microphis Kaup (Pisces: Syngnathidae). Bulletin of Marine Science 35(2): 117-181.
  3. ^ a b Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs.
  4. ^ Breder, C.M. and Rosen, D.E. 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
  5. ^ Rajan, P.T.; Sreeraj, C.R. (2014). "Invasive freshwater fishes and its threats to the biological diversity in Andaman and Nicobar Islands". ournal of the Andaman Science Association. 19 (1): 88–98.

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