Micropholcommatinae

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Micropholcommatinae
Taphiassa punctata male.jpg
Parapua punctata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Euarthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Anapidae
Subfamily: Micropholcommatinae
Hickman, 1943

The Micropholcommatinae are a subfamily of araneomorph spiders in the family Anapidae. They were previously treated as the family Micropholcommatidae.[1][2] Micropholcommatins are extremely small, with body lengths typically between 0.5 and 2 mm. They are usually found among leaf litter or moss.[3]

Distribution[edit]

Many genera are endemic to New Zealand and Australia, with others found also in South America.

Taxonomy[edit]

The families Micropholcommatidae and Textricellidae were synonymized with the Symphytognathidae by Forster in 1959, but again split from it in 1977.[4] Later they were considered to be only one family, namely Micropholcommatidae, by Platnick & Forster in 1986.[5] They were synonymized with Anapidae by Schütt in 2003[6] and by Lopa et al. in 2011,[1][2] a change that has been accepted by the World Spider Catalog.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lopardo, L.; Giribet, G. & Hormiga, G. (2011). "Morphology to the rescue: molecular data and the signal of morphological characters in combined phylogenetic analyses — a case study from mysmenid spiders (Araneae, Mysmenidae), with comments on the evolution of web architecture". Cladistics. 27 (3): 278–330. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2010.00332.x. 
  2. ^ a b Hormiga, Gustavo & Griswold, Charles E. (2014). "Systematics, Phylogeny, and Evolution of Orb-Weaving Spiders". Annual Review of Entomology. 59 (1): 487–512. PMID 24160416. doi:10.1146/annurev-ento-011613-162046. 
  3. ^ Rix, Michael; Harvey, Mark & Roberts, J. Dale (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of the spider family Micropholcommatidae (Arachnida: Araneae) using nuclear rRNA genes (18S and 28S)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 46: 1031–1048. 
  4. ^ Forster, R.R. & Platnick, N.I. (1977). "A review of the spider family Symphytognathidae (Arachnida, Araneae" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2619: 1–29. Retrieved 2017-03-03. 
  5. ^ Platnick, N.I. & Forster, R.R. (1986). "On Teutoniella, an American genus of the spider family Micropholcommatidae (Araneae, Palpimanoidea)" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2854: 1–9. Retrieved 2017-03-03. 
  6. ^ Schütt, K. (2003). "Phylogeny of Symphytognathidae". Zoologica Scripta. 32: 129–151. 
  7. ^ "Family: Anapidae Simon, 1895". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2017-03-03. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Forster, R.R. (1959). "The spiders of the family Symphytognathidae". Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 86: 269–329.
  • Griswold, C.E., Ramírez, M.J., Coddington, J.A. & Platnick, N.I. (2005) "Atlas of phylogenetic data for entelegyne spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae: Entelegynae) with comments on their phylogeny". Proceedings of the California Academy of Science 56 Suppl. 2: 1–324.
  • Penney, David; Dierick, Manuel; Cnudde, Veerle; Masschaele, Bert; Vlassenbroeck, Jelle; van Hoorebeke, Luc & Jacobs, Patric (2007). "First fossil Micropholcommatidae (Araneae), imaged in Eocene Paris amber using X-Ray Computed Tomography." Zootaxa 1612: 47-53. PDF Abstract