Micropholis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
For the prehistoric amphibian genus, see Micropholis (amphibian). The brittle star genus described as Micropholis has been renamed Microphiopholis.

Micropholis
Micropholis crassipedicellata.jpg
Micropholis crassipedicellata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Subfamily: Chrysophylloideae
Genus: Micropholis
(Griseb.) Pierre
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Sapota section Micropholis Griseb.
  • Pouteria section Micropholis (Griseb.) Baehni
  • Crepinodendron Pierre
  • Meioluma Baill.
  • Paramicropholis Aubrév. & Pellegr.
  • Platyluma Baill.
  • Sprucella Pierre 1890, illegitimate homonym, not Steph. 1886 (Lepidoziaceae)
  • Stephanoluma Baill.

Micropholis is group of trees in the family Sapotaceae, described as a genus in 1891.[3][1][4]

These trees are native to tropical South America, Mesoamerica, and the West Indies.[2] Most are locally known as "cafetos", literally meaning "coffee plants". But while both Micropholis and the coffeeplant genus Coffea are asterids, the present genus is part of the Ericales – a quite basal asterid lineage –, while Coffea belongs to the more advanced Gentianales.

They are valued for their wood, which is used as timber, for construction and as firewood; many species are threatened by overexploitation and habitat destruction. Also, they are often used as part of catuaba, a decoction from various tree's bark claimed to have aphrodisiac and stimulant properties.

Caimitillo verde (M. garciniifolia) is an important food source of the nearly-extinct Puerto Rican amazon bird (Amazona vittata).

Species[2]
  1. Micropholis acutangula - French Guiana, Amapá
  2. Micropholis brochidodroma - Ecuador, N Peru
  3. Micropholis casiquiarensis - Guyana, Venezuela (Amazonas), Brazil (Amazonas)
  4. Micropholis caudata - Brazil (Amazonas)
  5. Micropholis cayennensis - French Guiana, Amapá
  6. Micropholis compta - E Brazil
  7. Micropholis crassipedicellata - E + S Brazil
  8. Micropholis crotonoides - Costa Rica, Panama, St. Lucia, NW South America
  9. Micropholis cylindrocarpa - Brazil (Amazonas), Peru (Loreto)
  10. Micropholis egensis - Panama, N South America
  11. Micropholis emarginata - Bahia
  12. Micropholis garciniifolia - Puerto Rico
  13. Micropholis gardneriana - Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil
  14. Micropholis gnaphaloclados - Brazil, Bolivia
  15. Micropholis grandiflora - Brazil (Amazonas)
  16. Micropholis guyanensis - Costa Rica, Panama, West Indies, tropSouth America
  17. Micropholis humboldtiana - Venezuela, Brazil
  18. Micropholis longipedicellata - French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Amapá
  19. Micropholis macrophylla - Peru (Loreto)
  20. Micropholis madeirensis - Brazil (Amazonas), Peru (Loreto)
  21. Micropholis maguirei - Venezuela, Brazil
  22. Micropholis melinoniana - S Mexico, Central America, NW South America
  23. Micropholis mensalis - French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, N Brazil
  24. Micropholis obscura - French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Peru, N Brazil
  25. Micropholis polita - Cuba, Haiti
  26. Micropholis porphyrocarpa - French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, N Brazil
  27. Micropholis resinifera - Brazil (Amazonas)
  28. Micropholis retusa - Brazil (Amazonas)
  29. Micropholis rugosa - Jamaica
  30. Micropholis sanctae-rosae - French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, N Brazil
  31. Micropholis spectabilis - Bolívar
  32. Micropholis splendens - Venezuela, Brazil
  33. Micropholis submarginalis - Brazil (Amazonas)
  34. Micropholis suborbicularis - Venezuela
  35. Micropholis trunciflora - Peru, N Brazil
  36. Micropholis venamoensis - Bolívar
  37. Micropholis venulosa - Central + South America
  38. Micropholis williamii - Brazil (Amazonas, Pará)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tropicos, Micropholis (Griseb.) Pierre
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Pierre, Jean Baptiste Louis. 1891. Notes Botaniques: Sapotacées 2: 37–38
  4. ^ Govaerts, R.; Harvey, Y.; Jessup, L.; Pennington, T.D. & Vink, W. (2001): World Checklist of Sapotaceae – Micropholis. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2008-DEC-24.