Microsoft Surface

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Microsoft Surface series of personal computers. For the first generation of this series, see Surface (first generation). For the interactive surface computing platform, see Microsoft PixelSense.
Microsoft Surface series
Microsoft Surface wordmark.svg
Surface Pro 3 with accessories.jpg
Surface Pro 3 with accessories
Developer Microsoft
Manufacturer Pegatron[1]
Type hybrid tablets, 2-in-1 detachables, interactive whiteboards
Release date
Operating system Windows RT (Surface/Surface 2)
Windows 8, 8.1; Windows 10

Microsoft Surface is a series of Windows-based personal computing devices designed and manufactured by Microsoft under its hardware division, a part of the Windows and Devices group. It comprises of hybrid tablets, 2-in-1 detachables, and an interactive whiteboards.

The first generation devices under the Surface name were introduced on June 18, 2012, and the most recent models currently available are the Surface Pro 4 and Surface Book, which were released on October 26, 2015.

The Surface family consists of three major lines of PCs: the Surface line comprises budget 2-in-1 detachables (while the previous now discontinued models of this line were Windows RT-powered hybrid tablets), designed for budget-oriented consumers and educational users, the Surface Pro line of 2-in-1 detachables, designed for demanding users, and the Surface Book, the line consisting of a single 2-in-1 detachable, positioned as a laptop. There is also the Surface Hub, an interactive whiteboard.

The tablets are notable for their sliding out kickstand, which supports the base while it stands at an angle, and optional detachable magnetic keyboards which also double as a protective screen cover. Surface and Surface Pro devices are marketed as tablets by Microsoft, whereas Surface Book is marketed as a laptop.

With the release of the Surface 3, all Surface computers use Intel processors and are compatible and shipped with Windows 10 operating system. The now discontinued first generation Surface and the Surface 2 used ARM processors and thus ran Windows RT and are not upgradable to Windows 10, but received several new features, including a modified version of the Windows 10 Start menu, in a software update released in September 2015.


First announced on June 18, 2012 by the then CEO, Steve Ballmer at a Los Angeles event in Milk Studios, Surface was the first major initiative by Microsoft to integrate its Windows operating system with its own hardware, and is the first PC designed and distributed solely by Microsoft.[4]

The first-gen Surface launched alongside the general availability release of Windows 8 on October 26, 2012.[5] Surface Pro became available on February 9, 2013.[6] Surface devices were initially available only at Microsoft Stores and online, it was later expanded into other vendors.[7]

Steven Sinofsky, President of the Windows and Windows Live Division at the time, stated that pricing for the first Surface would be comparable to other ARM devices and pricing for Surface Pro would be comparable to current ultrabooks. According to then Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer, the "sweet spot" for the bulk of the PC market was $300 to $800.[8] On October 16, the pricing was revealed for the Surface,[9] and pre-orders opened to ship, "for delivery by 10/26".[10]

In November 2012, Steve Ballmer described the distribution approach to Surface as "modest".[11] On November 29, 2012, Microsoft revealed the pricing for the two versions of Surface with Windows 8 Pro (64GB and 128GB).[12] The tablet would go on sale at February 9, 2013, in the United States and Canada.[13] A launch event was set to be held on February 8, 2013, but was cancelled at the last minute due to the February 2013 nor'easter.[14] The 128GB version of the tablet sold out on the same day as its release. There was less demand for the 64GB version, because of the much smaller available storage capacity, but supplies of the lower cost unit were almost as tight.[15]

On September 23, 2013, Microsoft announced the Surface 2 and Surface Pro 2, which feature hardware and software updates from the original. The Surface 2 launched October 22, 2013 alongside the Surface Pro 2, four days after the general availability of Windows 8.1. Later, Microsoft launched a variation of the Surface 2 with LTE connectivity for the AT&T network on March 18, 2014.

Microsoft then announced the redesigned Surface Pro 3 on May 20, 2014, which went on sale on June 20, 2014. The following year, on March 30, 2015, it announced the Surface 3, a more compact version of the Surface Pro 3.

On September 8, 2015, Microsoft announced the "Surface Enterprise Initiative", a partnership between Accenture, Avanade, Dell Inc., and HP, to "enable more customers to enjoy the benefits of Windows 10." As part of the partnership, Dell will resell Surface Pro products through its business and enterprise channels, and offer its existing enterprise services (including ProSupport, warranty, and Configuration and Deployment) for Surface Pro devices it sells.[16][17]

Microsoft announced the next generation Surface Pro 4 and the all new Surface Book, a hybrid laptop, at Microsoft October 2015 Event in New York on October 10, 2015. [18]


Surface Pro 3 with Type Cover
Surface 3 with Type Cover
Surface Pro 3 kickstand
This section only concerns the Surface tablets, not the Surface Hub or the Surface Book

Screen and input[edit]

The first two generations of both Surface lines features 10.6 ClearType Full HD display with 16:9 aspect ratio. With the release of the third generation Surface and Surface Pro, Microsoft increased the screen sizes to 10.8 inches (27 cm) and 12 inches (30 cm) respectively, each with a 3:2 aspect ratio, designed for a comfort use in a portrait orientation. The screen feature a multi-touch technology with 10 touch-points and scratch-resistance Gorilla Glass. All generations of the Surface Pro and third generation of the Surface also features an active pen, but it is not included in the box with all models.

The display responds to other sensors: an ambient light sensor to adjust screen brightness and a 3-axis accelerometer to sense Surface orientation and switch between portrait and landscape orientation modes. The Surface's built-in applications support screen rotation in all four directions, including upside-down.

There are three buttons on the Surface, including a capacitive Windows button near the display that opens the Start Screen, and two physical buttons on the sides: power and volume.

The Surface has a front and rear cameras, the resolution of which has been increased to 3.5/8 and 5/5 megapixels for the latest generation of the Surface and Surface Pro, respectively.


The first generation Surface uses a quad core Nvidia Tegra 3 of the ARM architecture, as opposed to the Intel x64 architecture and therefore shipped with Windows RT, which was written for the ARM architecture. The second generation Surface 2 added an Nvidia Tegra 4. The architecture limited Surface and Surface 2 to only apps from the Windows Store recompiled for ARM. With the release of the Surface 3, Microsoft switched the Surface line to the Intel x64 architecture, the same architecture found in the Surface Pro line. Surface 3 uses the Braswell Atom X7 processor.[19]

With the Surface Pro line, Microsoft uses the Intel x64 architecture which can run most software design for Microsoft Windows. Both Surface Pro and Surface Pro 2 had one processor variant, the Core i5, though the Surface Pro runs the Ivy Bridge iteration, and the Surface Pro 2 runs the Haswell iteration. The Surface Pro 3 added the Haswell Core i3 and Core i7 variants.


The Surface devices are released in five internal storage capacity: 32, 64, 128, 256, and 512 GB. With the release of the third generation, the 32 GB model was discontinued. All models also features a microSD card slot, located behind the kickstand, which allow for the use of memory cards up to 200 GB.

Surface devices have a different amount of non-replaceable RAM, ranging from 2 to 8 GB, attached to the motherboard.

External ports[edit]

On the right side of any Surface device there is a full-size USB 3.0 port, Mini DisplayPort (or a HDMI Micro port on older models), and a magnetic charging port.

Cellular connectivity[edit]

While all Surface devices come in the Wi-Fi only models, some generations also feature the Wi-Fi with a cellular support. The cellular variants however do not support circuit-switched voice calls and texts, allowing only data connectivity. The cellular models has a micro-SIM slot at the bottom of the device, next to the Type Cover connecting pins.

External design[edit]

The exterior of the device is made of VaporMg magnesium alloy giving a matte gray durable finish to the back of the device.

The Surface features a kickstand which flips out from the back of the device to prop it up, allowing the device to be stood up at an angle hands-free. According to Microsoft, this is great for watching movies, video chatting, and typing documents. According to some reviewers, this kickstand is uncomfortable to use in one's lap and means the device won't fit on shallow desks.[20] The first generation has a kickstand that can be set to a 22 degrees angle position. The second generation added a 55 degrees angle position which according to Microsoft makes the device more comfortable to type on the lap. The Surface 3 features three angle positions: 22, 44, and 60 degrees. The Surface Pro 3 is the first device to have a continuous kickstand that can be set at any angles between 22 and 150 degrees.


Main articles: Windows 10 and Windows RT

Surface devices (except for the Surface and Surface 2 models) run the Windows 8.1 operating system, and are upgradeable to the Windows 10 operating system.

Tablet Mode[edit]

Based on the hardware detected, Windows 10 is able to run in two modes: desktop mode and tablet mode. When the keyboard is present, Windows 10 runs in desktop mode; when the keyboard is absent, Windows 10 runs in tablet mode.

When running in tablet mode, the start menu and all the apps run in full screen. All running apps are hidden from the taskbar and a back button appears. Swiping from the top closes the app, while swiping from the left evokes the Task View and swiping from the right evokes the Action Center.

Pen Interactions[edit]

Surface comes preloaded with the OneNote app, which is complement to the Surface Pen in taking handwritten notes. Windows 10 also features a text input panel with handwriting recognition which automatically converts handwriting to text. Microsoft Edge browser features an inking function which allows handwritten annotations directly on webpages.


Several of the included apps updated with Windows 10 are: Mail, People, Camera, Calendar, Microsoft Edge, Xbox app, OneNote, Photos, Voice Recorder, Phone Companion, Reader, Reading List, Calculator, Scan, Alarms & Clock, and the Windows Store. Other apps include Maps, Movies & TV, Groove Music, Microsoft Solitaire Collection and the MSN apps: Money, News, Weather, Sports, and Travel.

Microsoft has ported its Office suite for use on Windows 10 devices, including the Surface devices running Windows 10. It requires Office 365 subscription to edit documents.


Since Surface devices have internal microphone and speakers, units running Windows 10 can use Cortana intelligent personal assistant feature.

Windows RT[edit]

Windows RT is the operating system of Surface and Surface 2. There were several major updates made available after release that include Windows RT 8.1, Windows RT 8.1 update 1, the Windows RT 8.1 August update, and the upcoming Windows RT 8.1 Update 3 which is to include the new Start menu similar to that found in early preview of Windows 10. [21]


Surface with Touch Cover 2
Surface Pen for the Surface Pro 3
Surface Pro 3 with Docking Station

Keyboard Covers[edit]

With the release of the first generation Surface, Microsoft showcased two covers: a Touch Cover and a Type Cover. These covers attach to the Surface device using a magnetic strip that positions itself against a magnetic strip at the bottom of the Surface called an "accessory spine". When closed, the cover functions to protect the Surface's screen and when opened, the cover features a keyboard, a multi-touch touchpad, and a gyroscope and accelerometer sensor to know when the cover has been flipped around which will in turn disable the keys. The original touch cover came with 80 touch sensors and was pressure sensitive. [22][23]

With the release of the Surface 2 a Touch Cover 2 was announced which increased the number of sensors to 1,092 and added backlit keys while being 2 mm thinner than the original Touch Cover. In addition, the Touch Cover 2 also supported key gestures and was backwards compatible with the first generation Surface devices. With the release of the first generation Surface Pro, Microsoft launched the Type Cover which has tactile keys. It was upgraded along with the second generation Surfaces to the Type Cover 2 which substituted the plastic material for the felt-like material found on the Type Covers. The Type Cover 2 is thinner and features back-lit keys. [24]

With the release of the Surface Pro 3, a newer cover called the Surface Pro 3 Type Cover was released to fit the bigger screen. The Surface Pro 3 Type Cover features a second magnetized strip that can be rested against the screen to prop the keyboard up at an angle. The Surface Pro 3 Type Cover has a trackpad with glass beads replacing the felt-like material used in previous generations. When the Surface 3 was announced, a smaller version, the Surface 3 Type Cover was released. Both Surface 3 and Pro 3 Type Covers have a loop to house the Surface Pen. Other accessories for the covers included a Power Cover, which included a built in battery to extend the Surface's battery life, and a Wireless Adapter for the keyboards so that it can be used at a distance.[25]

On October 6, 2015 Microsoft updated the Surface Pro Type Cover a new teal color in addition to the existing black, red, blue, and bright blue colors. Also introduced was a function lock light, separated keys, and a 40% larger trackpad than previous models. A "Fingerprint ID" version was also announced, but is only available in the color black. Both are backwards compatible with the Surface Pro 3, though both are designed for the Surface Pro 4.[26]

Surface Pen[edit]

The Surface tablets features an active pen that allows users to write directly onto the screen of the tablet. The Surface Pen for the Surface Pro and Surface Pro 2 used a Wacom technology, while the one for the Surface Pro 3 and the Surface 3 features an N-trig active pen. The Surface Pen was specifically designed to minimize latency (lag time), eliminate parallax issues, which occur when the point where the tip touches the screen doesn’t match up with the spot where the ink actually appears on the device, and provide a more natural-feeling 'pen-on-paper' user experience.[27] The Surface also features palm rejection which allows the user to rest his or her palm on the screen while using the Surface Pen without triggering an unwanted input.

Docking accessories[edit]

There are various Docking Stations for different Surface devices, which are optional non-included accessories. They each extends the Surface with a number of USB ports, additional audio sockets, a Gigabit Ethernet port and a Mini DisplayPort to connect external displays.

With the announcement of the Surface Pro 4 and Surface Book, Microsoft revealed a new Surface Dock accessory in the brick form factor, which is compatible with the aforementioned devices and the Surface Pro 3. This new docking accessory connects to the side port, which got the new name — SurfaceConnect.

Other Accessories[edit]

There are many other accessories for the Microsoft Surface. Among these is the Microsoft Wireless Display Adapter for Miracast display mirroring. Microsoft launched and Surface HD Digital A/V Adapter which works with micro-HDMI to HDMI for the Surface and Surface 2 and a Surface VGA adapter which also works with Surface and Surface 2 going from the built-in micro-HDMI to VGA. For the Surface Pro series, a Display Port to HD A/V (HDMI) and a Display Port to VGA adapter was created. For the first generation Surface, a 32 watt power supply was included, which was upgraded with the Surface 2 to features a larger indicator light to indicate the Surface was charging. The Surface Pro and Pro 2 features a 48 Watt power supply with a USB (power only) port on the charging brick. As with the Surface 2's power supply, the Pro 2's power supply features a larger indicator light. Microsoft redesigned the power supply for the Surface Pro 3 with a new "fin" connector and a 36 watt rating. The Surface 3 launched with another redesigned power supply using a micro-USB connector and having a 13 watt rating. Two Ethernet adapters have been released to work with the Surface Pro line including the Ethernet Adapter for USB 2.0 with a speed rating of 100 Mbit/s and a Surface Ethernet Adapter for USB 3.0 with a speed of 1 Gbit/s. Two mice have also been released for the Surface including the Wedge Touch and Arc Touch mice.[28][29]

Surface Book[edit]

Main article: Surface Book

On October 6, 2015, Microsoft unveiled a 2-in-1 detachable of a new kind — the Surface Book, a first device in the company's history, marketed as a laptop. The device has a teardrop design and the "dynamic fulcrum" hinge, which shifts the center of a gravity so that the top part with the screen (dubbed the "clipboard") is more stable when it is attached to the bottom part with the keyboard. Another unique aspect of the Surface Book is the discrete graphics adapter, available in some models. It is contained in the base part, which can be detached while the Surface Book is running, and the system automatically switches to the integrated graphics in the clipboard.

Surface Hub[edit]

Main article: Surface Hub

On January 21, 2015, Microsoft introduced a new device category under the Surface family: the Surface Hub. The Surface Hub is a 84-inch 120 Hz 4K or 55-inch 1080p multi-touch and multi-pen screen wall-mounted device, aimed for collaboration and videoconferencing use of businesses. It will run a variant of the Windows 10 operating system.[30]

Model comparison[edit]

Surface line[edit]

Comparison of Surface specifications
Models Surface[31] Surface 2[32] Surface 3[33][34]
Date announced June 2012 October 2013 March 2015
Operating system Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
Version Pre-installed Windows RT 8.0 Windows RT 8.1 Windows 8.1
Newest upgrade Windows RT 8.1[35] Windows 10[36]
Physical specifications Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
cm (in)
height 17.2 (6.8) 17.3 (6.8) 18.7 (7.4)
width 27.46 (10.81) 27.5 (10.8) 26.7 (10.5)
depth 0.94 (0.37) 0.89 (0.35) 0.87 (0.34)
g (lb)
680 (1.50) 622 (1.371)
Memory Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
Internal storage capacity
32/64 64/128
2 2/4
Expandable storage MicroSD, up to 200 GB
Display Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
Aspect ratio 16:9 3:2
Diagonal size
cm (in)
26.9 (10.6) 27.4 (10.8)
Pixel density
148 208 214
1366x768 1920x1080 1920x1280
Technology LCD
SoC Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
SoC Nvidia Tegra 3 (T30) Nvidia Tegra 4 Intel Atom x7-Z8700
Battery Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
Technology Lithium-ion
Cameras Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
Front camera megapixels 3.5
video resolution HD (1280x720) FHD (1920x1080)
Rear camera megapixels 5.0 8.0
video resolution HD (1280x720) FHD (1920x1080)
Sensors Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
Ambient light sensor Yes Yes Yes
Accelerometer Yes Yes Yes
Gyroscope Yes Yes Yes
GPS No Cellular version Cellular version
Magnetometer Yes Yes Yes
Proximity Sensor No Yes Yes
Number of microphones 2
Connectivity Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
AV Connectors 3.5 mm audio socket
Micro HDMI Mini DisplayPort
Bluetooth 4.0
Cellular Optional Optional Optional
USB 2.0 3.0
Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac
Miscellaneous Surface Surface 2 Surface 3
Pen input None N-trig active pen
TPM Yes No Yes
Models Surface Surface 2 Surface 3

Surface Pro line[edit]

Comparison of Surface Pro specifications
Models Surface Pro[37] Surface Pro 2[38] Surface Pro 3[39] Surface Pro 4[40]
Date announced February 2013 October 2013 June 2014 October 2015
Operating system Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
Version Pre-installed Windows 8 Pro Windows 8.1 Pro Windows 10 Pro
Newest upgrade Windows 10 Pro[36]
Physical specifications Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
cm (in)
height 17.3 (6.8) 20.1 (7.9)
width 27.5 (10.8) 29.0 (11.4) 29.2 (11.5)
depth 1.35 (0.53) 0.91 (0.36) 0.84 (0.33)
g (lb)
910 (2.01) 900 (2.0) 800 (1.8) 766 (1.689)
Memory Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
Internal storage capacity
64/128/256 64/128/256/512 128/256/512/1024
RAM capacity
4 4/8 4/8/16
type DDR3 LPDDR3
Expandable storage MicroSD, up to 200 GB
Display Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
Aspect ratio 16:9 3:2
Diagonal size
cm (in)
27.0 (10.6) 30.0 (11.8) 31.2 (12.3)
Pixel density
208 216 267
1920x1080 2160x1440 2736x1824
Technology LCD
CPU and GPU Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
Generation Intel 3rd generation
Ivy Bridge
Intel 4th generation
Intel 6th generation
CPU model
i5-3317U i5-4200U
Base frequency – turbo frequency
1.7–2.6 1.6–2.6
L3 cache size
3 3
Intel HD integrated graphics HD Graphics 4000 HD Graphics 4400 HD Graphics 4200
HD Graphics 4400
HD Graphics 5000
HD Graphics 515
HD Graphics 520
HD Graphics 540
17 15 11.5
Battery Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
42 38.2
Max. claimed Wi-Fi browsing time
Technology Lithium-ion
Cameras Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
Front camera megapixels 1.2 5
video resolution HD (1280x720) FHD (1920x1080)
Rear camera megapixels 1.2 5 8
video resolution HD (1280x720) FHD (1920x1080)
Sensors Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
Ambient light sensor Yes Yes Yes Yes
Accelerometer Yes Yes Yes Yes
Gyroscope Yes Yes Yes Yes
GPS No No No No
Magnetometer Yes Yes Yes No[41]
Number of microphones 2
Connectivity Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
AV Connectors 3.5 mm audio socket
Mini DisplayPort
Bluetooth 4.0 4.0 LE
Cellular No No No No
Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac
Miscellaneous Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4
Pen input Wacom passive pen N-trig active pen
TPM No Yes Yes Yes
Models Surface Pro Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 4


A Surface advert painted on the side of a building.

Television commercial[edit]

In October 2012, Microsoft air it's first commercial for the Surface product line. The first 30-second commercial is the Surface Movement which focus on Windows RT version of the first generation of Surface with detachable keyboard and kickstand.[42] It is first aired during Dancing with the Stars commercial break.[43] This video is directed by Jon Chu, where he previously the director of the movie such as Justin Bieber: Never Say Never.[44]

Partnership with NFL[edit]

In 2014, Microsoft announced a five-year, $400 million deal with the National Football League, in which Surface became the official tablet computer brand of the NFL. As part of the partnership, special, ruggedized Surface Pro 2 devices were issued to teams for use on the sidelines, allowing coaches and players view and annotate footage of previous plays. The partnership was initially hampered by television commentators, who erroneously referred to the devices as being an "iPad" on several occasions. Microsoft has since stated that it "coached" commentators on properly referring to the devices on-air.[45][46][47][48]


Reviews of Surface by critics have ranged broadly. The hardware received mostly positive reviews, while the software and overall experience were mixed. Wired reviewer Mathew Honan stated that while "This is one of the most exciting pieces of hardware I’ve ever used. It is extremely well-designed; meticulous even," the tablets are "likely to confuse many of Microsoft’s longtime customers".[49] TechCrunch,[50] Matt Buchanan at Buzzfeed,[51] and Gizmodo recommended against purchasing the tablet. Gizmodo mentioned issues such as the high price tag and described it as similar but inferior to the iPad, but also praised the hardware saying, "You'll appreciate it every time you pick it up and turn it on. It's a simple, joyful experience."[52] David Pogue at The New York Times praised the hardware but criticized the software.[53] The Verge described the technology as fulfilling the role of a laptop or tablet "half as well as other devices on the market," adding "the whole thing is honestly perplexing."[54] Warner Crocker from Gotta Be Mobile described it as "frustratingly confusing."[55] Farhad Manjoo of Slate noted that the "shortcomings are puzzling" given how much time Microsoft spent developing the device.[56] Neil McAllister has noted the lack of a compelling case to switch from the iPad to a Windows RT device at the same price point, because Apple already has a strong network effect from their app developers and few Windows developers have ported their offerings over to the ARM processor.[57]

It has worse battery life than similar devices.[58] The first-generation Surface Pro has shorter battery life than the original ARM-based Surface due in part to its full HD screen and Intel Core i5 processor.

Sales of the first generation Surface did not meet Microsoft's expectations, which led to price reductions and other sales incentives.[59][60]


First-generation Surface tablets for sale at a Microsoft Store.
Surface Pro 3 promotion in front of a Microsoft Store.

In March 2013, Bloomberg reported from inside sources that Surface sales were behind expectations, particularly of the ARM-based Surface model. A total of 1.5 million Surface devices had been sold since launch, with Surface Pro accounting for 400,000 of these sales. Microsoft had originally projected sales of 2 million Surface units during the final quarter of 2012. However, the more expensive Surface Pro, with its Intel CPU that makes it a full-fledged Windows laptop PC, despite its compromises, was successful compared to other OEMs' Ultrabook hybrids which were larger and more expensive. As a result, the latest Surface Pro 3 has been targeting the premium ultra-mobile PC category including the MacBook Air.[1][2]

The poor sales of the ARM-based Surface tablet had been credited to the continuing market dominance of Microsoft's competitors in the tablet market. Particularly, Apple's iPad retained its dominance due its App store offering the most tablet-optimized applications. Most OEMs opted to produce tablets running Google Android, which came in a wide variety of sizes and prices (albeit with mixed success among most OEMs), and Google Play had the second-largest selection of tablet applications. By contrast there was a limited amount of software designed specifically for Surface's operating system, Windows RT, the selection which was even weaker than Windows Phone.[3] Indeed, OEMs reported that most customers felt Intel-based tablets were more appropriate for use in business environments, as they were compatible with the much more widely-available x86 programs while Windows RT was not.

In July 2013, Steve Ballmer revealed that the Surface hasn't sold as well as he hoped.[61] He reported that Microsoft had made a loss of US$900 million due to the lackluster Surface sales. Concurrently, Microsoft cut the price of first-gen Surface worldwide by 30%, with its U.S. price falling to US$350.[62][63][64][65] This was followed by a further price cut in August after it was revealed that even the marketing costs had exceed the sales.[66] On August 4, 2013, the cost of Surface Pro was cut by $100 giving it an entry price of $799. Several law firms sued Microsoft, accusing the company of misleading shareholders about sales of the first-gen ARM based Surface tablet, calling it an 'unmitigated disaster'.[67] In the first two years of sales Microsoft lost almost two billion dollars.[68]

However, Surface Pro 3 succeeded in garnering a great interest in the Surface line, making Surface business profitable for the first time in fiscal year Q1 2015. [69] Later in Q2, sales of Surface division topped $1 billion.[70] Surface division scored $888 million for Q4 2015 despite an overall loss of $2.1 billion for Microsoft, a 117% year-over-year growth thanks to the steady commercial performance of Surface Pro 3 and the launch of mainstream model Surface 3.[71]

Industry response[edit]

When Surface was first announced, critics noted that the device represented a significant departure for Microsoft, as the company had previously relied exclusively on third-party OEMs to produce devices running Windows, and began shifting towards a first-party hardware model with similarities to that of Apple.[72][73] Steve Ballmer said that like Xbox, Surface was an example of the sort of hardware products Microsoft will release in the future.[74]

Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), whose products have traditionally run Microsoft operating systems, have had positive responses to the release of Surface.[75] HP, Lenovo, Samsung, and Dell[76] applauded Microsoft's decision to create its own Tablet PC and said that relationships with Microsoft have not changed. John Solomon, senior vice president of HP, said that "Microsoft was basically making a leadership statement and showing what's possible in the tablet space".[77][78] Acer founder Stan Shih said that he believed Microsoft only introduced its own hardware in order to establish the market and would then withdraw in favor of its OEMs.[79]

However, others believe that OEMs were left sidelined by the perception that Microsoft's new tablet would replace their products.[80][81] Acer chairman JT Wang advised Microsoft to "please think twice".[82] Microsoft has acknowledged that Surface may "affect their commitment" of partners to the Windows platform.[83]

The need for the Surface to market an ARM-compatible version of Windows was questioned by analysts because of recent developments in the PC industry; both Intel and AMD introduced x86-based system-on-chip designs for Windows 8, Atom "Clover Trail" and "Temash" respectively, in response to the growing competition from ARM licensees. In particular, Intel claimed that Clover Trail-based tablets could provide battery life rivaling that of ARM devices; in a test by PC World, Samsung's Clover Trail-based Ativ Smart PC was shown to have battery life exceeding that of the first gen ARM-based Surface. Peter Bright of Ars Technica argued that Windows RT had no clear purpose, since the power advantage of ARM-based devices was "nowhere near as clear-cut as it was two years ago", and that users would be better off purchasing Office 2013 themselves because of the removed features and licensing restrictions of Office RT.[84][85][86]

Reported problems[edit]

Users on Microsoft's support forum reported that some Touch Covers were splitting at the seam where it connects to the tablet, exposing its wiring. A Microsoft spokesperson stated that the company was aware of the issue, and would offer free replacements for those who have been affected by the defect.[87][88] Other users reported issues with audio randomly stuttering or muting on the Surface tablet while in use.[89] Wi-Fi connectivity issues were also reported. Firmware updates that attempted to fix the problem were released, but some users still reported problems.[90][91] Microsoft has acknowledged a bug in the Windows key that does not always work, but has promised a fix.[92] The latest update, which promised to fix the issue, was not able to fix it.[93]

With Surface Pro, Microsoft acknowledged issues encountered by some users with its stylus pen, including intermittent pen failures, and with older applications that do not have complete pen support due to the different APIs used by Surface Pro's stylus drivers. In the latter case, Microsoft has indicated that it is working with software vendors to ensure better compatibility.[94][95] Issues had also been experienced with slow Wi-Fi connectivity, and the device not properly returning from standby.[96][97]

iFixit has awarded the Surface Pro its worst ever repairability rating, but CEO Kyle Wiens claims that it is due to incompetence rather than deliberate design choices.[98]


Surface Hub Surface Book Surface Pro 4 Surface Pro 3 Surface Pro 2 Surface Pro Surface 3 Surface 2 Surface (first generation)

Source: Surface Blog

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Thomson, Iain (June 20, 2012). "Pegatron named as Microsoft Surface fondleslab foundry". The Register. 
  2. ^ "Microsoft's new iPad rival Surface for Windows RT release date". Eurogamer. July 30, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Surface Pro Release Date". Neowin. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  4. ^ Sullivan, Mark. "Microsoft Announces New 'Surface' Tablet PC". PC World. IDG. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Microsoft to launch Surface at midnight on October 26th". October 5, 2012. 
  6. ^ Panay, Panos (January 22, 2013). Meisner, Jeffrey, ed. "Growing the Surface Family: Surface Windows 8 Pro Availability Confirmed". The Official Microsoft Blog. Microsoft. 
  7. ^ "Microsoft Announces Surface: New Family of PCs for Windows". News Center (Press release). Microsoft. June 18, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  8. ^ Tu, Janet I. "Ballmer trumpets Microsoft's 'epic year'". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 19, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Microsoft Surface: Pricing and Availability". Paul Thurrott at Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Microsoft Surface Preorders Open". Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Surface sales 'modest' so far, Ballmer modestly admits."
  12. ^ "Next Up for the Surface Family: Surface with Windows 8 Pro – Pricing". The Official Microsoft Blog. Retrieved February 17, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Microsoft Surface Pro Tablet to Launch Feb. 9 for $899". ABC News. January 22, 2013. Retrieved January 23, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Nemo cancels Microsoft's Surface Pro launch."
  15. ^ "Microsoft's Surface Pro launch marred by supply shortages."
  16. ^ "Dell to start selling Microsoft’s Surface Pro in new enterprise push". Ars Technica. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  17. ^ "Dell, HP to resell Microsoft's Surface Pro tablets". ZDNet. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  18. ^
  19. ^ Surface, Microsoft. "Surface 3". Microsoft Surface. Retrieved 2015-06-28. 
  20. ^ Westover, Brian. "Microsoft Surface 3 Review & Rating". PCWorld. Retrieved July 12, 2015. 
  21. ^
  22. ^ "Microsoft unveils Surface tablets –". November 28, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^ "Okay, We Admit It: Microsoft's Surface Pro 3 Pen is a Note-Taker's Dream Stylus". Digital Trends. May 26, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ "Surface Hub". Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  31. ^ "Surface Specifications". Microsoft. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
  32. ^ "Surface 2 Specifications". Microsoft. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
  33. ^ "Surface 3 Specifications". Microsoft. Retrieved March 31, 2015. 
  34. ^ Sams, Brad (4 April 2015). "Microsoft takes to Reddit for an AMA on the Surface 3, these are the highlights". Neowin. Neowin LLC. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  35. ^ "Update Microsoft Surface from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1". Retrieved 2015-10-29. 
  36. ^ a b "Windows 10 is now pre-installed when you buy Surface 3 and Surface Pro 3 tablets". Windows Central. Retrieved 2015-10-29. 
  37. ^ "Surface Pro Specifications". Microsoft. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
  38. ^ "Surface Pro 2 Specifications". Microsoft. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
  39. ^ "Surface Pro 3 Specifications". Microsoft. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
  40. ^ "Surface Pro 4 Specifications". Microsoft. Retrieved October 6, 2015. 
  41. ^
  42. ^ "Microsoft's first Surface commercial shows off click-in keyboard [video]". BGR. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  43. ^ "Microsoft 'Surface' Has Top Tablet Ad". MediaPost. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  44. ^ "Microsoft Airs First Surface Tablet Ad With Crazy Dancing [Video]". TechnoBuffalo. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  45. ^ "How Microsoft redesigned the Surface Pro for the NFL". Engadget. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  46. ^ "The NFL Says Goodbye to the Polaroid, Hello to Microsoft’s Surface Tablet". Bloomberg. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  47. ^ "On the sidelines: how the NFL is making use of the Surface Pro 2". Engadget. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  48. ^ "After Coaching From Microsoft, NFL Announcers Have Gotten Very Good At Identifying Surface Tablets". Business Insider. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  49. ^ Honan, Mathew (October 23, 2012). "Review: Microsoft Surface Tablet". Wired (Condé Nast Digital). Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  50. ^ Don’t Call The New Microsoft Surface RT A Tablet, This Is A PC, TechCrunch, October 23, 2012.
  51. ^ Buchanan, Matt. More, And Less, Than An iPad, Buzzfeed
  52. ^ Microsoft Surface RT Review: This Is Technological Heartbreak, Gizmodo.
  53. ^ Pogue, David (October 23, 2012). "Microsoft Unveils the Surface, Its First Tablet". (The New York Times). 
  54. ^ Microsoft Surface review, The Verge
  55. ^ Microsoft Surface RT Review: This Thing Confuses Me at Gotta Be Mobile
  56. ^ Manjoo, Farhad (November 5, 2012). "Why Is the Surface So Bad?". Slate. Washington Post Company. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  57. ^ "Microsoft's ARM blunder: 7 reasons why Windows RT was DOA."
  58. ^ Why do Windows PCs have such terrible battery life compared to Mac and iOS? | ExtremeTech
  59. ^ Desperate Microsoft wants to pay you at least $200 to trade in your iPad for a Surface tablet – MacDailyNews - Welcome Home
  60. ^ Microsoft offering $200 for your iPad in desperate attempt to sell Surface tablets
  61. ^ "Steve Ballmer Admits Microsoft's iPad-Killer Is A Flop". Cult of Mac. July 26, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  62. ^ "Microsoft’s Surface Tablet Is Said to Fall Short of Predictions". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  63. ^ "Microsoft Misses, Takes a $900 Million Charge on Surface RT Stock". All Things Digital. Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  64. ^ "Microsoft cuts Surface RT prices by 30 percent worldwide, hopes to boost slow sales". The Verge. Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  65. ^ Lowe, Scott (July 18, 2013). "Microsoft Lost $900 Million on Surface RT in Q1". Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  66. ^ "Microsoft cuts Surface Pro tablet prices by $100."
  67. ^ Lawyers sue Microsoft over Surface RT 'unmitigated disaster' - Computerworld
  68. ^ Hruska, Joel (6 August 2014). "Microsoft's Surface Losses Approach $2B, How Much More Will Redmond Take?". (ComputerWorld). Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  69. ^ Keizer, Gregg (25 October 2015). "Microsoft's Surface turns first profit in 2 years". Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  70. ^ Fiegerman, Seth (27 January 2015). "Microsoft Surface sales topped $1 billion in December quarter". Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  71. ^ "Microsoft reports big losses in the fourth quarter". The Verge. Retrieved 2015-07-23. 
  72. ^ "With the Surface, Microsoft just started writing its next chapter". The Verge. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  73. ^ "Microsoft breaks tradition with Microsoft Surface tablets". CNET. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  74. ^ Clarke, Gavin. "Ballmer aims chair at Apple after Windows package miss." The Register, October 10, 2012.
  75. ^ Kan, Michael (August 17, 2012). "Lenovo Not Worried About Microsoft's Surface Tablet, Expects to Beat It". 
  76. ^ Windows 8 Launch, Microsoft Surface: Michael Dell's Spin | The VAR Guy
  77. ^ HP Targets Microsoft Surface With New Windows 8 Convertible PC
  78. ^ Lenovo exec welcomes Microsoft tablet competition - Computerworld
  79. ^ Epstein, Zach (June 20, 2012). "Microsoft’s tablet efforts are fleeting, says Acer founder.". Boy Genius Report. 
  80. ^ Crothers, Brooke (June 27, 2012). "Microsoft to feel Surface heat from PC makers". CNET. 
  81. ^ Fingas, Jon (June 21, 2012). "Acer is skeptical of Surface tablets, thinks Microsoft isn't playing nice". 
  82. ^ "Acer chief takes aim at Microsoft Surface." FT, August 6, 2012.
  83. ^ Kunert, Paul. "Microsoft Surface slate: Acer, resellers predict a riot." The Register, 7 August 2012.
  84. ^ Chacos, Brad. "Why Windows RT is hurtling toward disaster". InfoWorld. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  85. ^ "Can Intel Challenge ARM's Mobile Dominance?". Great Speculations ( Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  86. ^ Bright, Peter. "Now that it's here, is there a place for Windows RT?". Ars Technica. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  87. ^ "Surface tablet's Touch Cover splits at seam, users gripe". CNET. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  88. ^ Arthur, Charles (November 9, 2012). "Microsoft Surface Touch Cover splits within days, some users complain". London: The Guardian. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  89. ^ "Microsoft Surface updates out now, make apps load faster". TechRadar. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  90. ^ Microsoft Surface users complain about Wi-Fi problems - Computerworld
  91. ^ Microsoft Claims It Fixed the Surface Wi-Fi Bug, Users Say It Didn’t - Softpedia
  92. ^ Microsoft Confirms Surface Windows Key Bug, Promises Fix - Softpedia
  93. ^ Microsoft Surface Problems: Surface with Windows RT Home Button Fails to Wake Tablet Despite June Update : Tech : Latinos Post
  94. ^ "Microsoft investigating issue with pen detection affecting subset of Surface Pro owners". The Next Web. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  95. ^ "Surface Pro lacks full pen support in key apps, Microsoft says it's on the case (updated)". Engadget. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  96. ^ "Surface RT gets improved speaker volume with latest firmware updates". The Verge. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  97. ^ "Surface Pro has trouble waking up". PC Pro. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  98. ^ Nichols, Shaun (28 March 2012). "iFixit boss: Apple has 'done everything it can to put repair guys out of business'". The Register. Retrieved 28 March 2012. 

External links[edit]