Microsoft Visual Studio Express
Screenshot of Visual Studio Express 2012 for Desktop running on Windows 7, developing a Windows application called Wikipedia Recon Drone
|Stable release||2015 for (Web, Desktop, Windows and Team Foundation Server) (July 20, 2015[±])|
|Type||Integrated development environment|
Microsoft Visual Studio Express is a set of integrated development environments (IDEs) developed by Microsoft as a freeware and registerware function-limited version of the non-free Microsoft Visual Studio. Express editions started with Visual Studio 2005.
Visual Studio Express was supplemented by the Visual Studio Community edition, which is also available for free. The community edition works with plugins, a feature that was previously exclusive to the paid editions (Professional and higher). Express editions of Visual Studio 2015 are, however, still available for the time being.
Visual Studio 2005 Express, the first version of Visual Studio Express, was released on October 2005, with support until 2015. It runs on Windows 2000 SP4 and later. Service Pack 1 for 2005 Express was released on December 2006. Registration was not required; free-of-charge registration for use after a 30-day trial period has been required since the release of Visual Studio Express 2008.
Visual Studio 2008 Express was released in November 2007, with its Service Pack 1 released on August 11, 2008. Visual Studio 2008 and 2010 Express require Windows XP SP3 or later. Although Windows 2000 is no longer supported, Visual Studio 2008 Express can develop applications to run on Windows 2000. Windows Phone support is available with Windows Vista and later.
Visual Studio 2010 Express was released in April 2010, alongside Visual Studio 2010.
Visual Studio 2005, 2008, and 2010 Express are geared toward single project types. For example, developers must launch Visual Web Developer Express to build web applications, while class libraries must be developed separately in Visual C# Express. The commercial editions of Visual Studio, however, support multiple project types without separate launch.
Visual Studio 2005, 2008, and 2010 Express consist of the following separate products:
- Visual Basic Express
- Visual C++ Express
- Visual C# Express
- Visual J# Express (2005 only)
- Visual Web Developer Express
- Visual Studio Express for Windows Phone (2010 only)
Visual Basic Express
- No IDE support for databases other than SQL Server Express and Microsoft Access
- No support for web applications with ASP.NET (although, it is supported by Visual Web Developer Express)
- No support for developing for mobile devices (no templates or emulator)
- Absence of Crystal Reports
- Fewer project templates (e.g. Windows services template and Excel Workbook template are unavailable)
- Limited options for debugging and breakpoints
- No support for creating Windows Services (needs a separate project template)
- No support for OpenMP
- Limited deployment options for finished programs
- No code folding
Visual Basic 2008 Express includes the following improvements over 2005:
- Includes the visual Windows Presentation Foundation designer codenamed "Cider"
- Debugs at runtime
- Better IntelliSense support
Visual Basic 2005 and Visual Basic 2008 Express feature a Visual Basic 6.0 converter that makes it possible to upgrade Visual Basic 6.0 projects to Visual Basic.NET. The converter is not included with 2010 Express.
Visual Web Developer Express
Visual Web Developer 2005 Express lacks certain features, such as the Accessibility Checker, the ability to create standalone class library projects, third-party add-ins and macros. Visual Web Developer 2008 Express SP1 supports both class library and web application projects. It also includes a new integrated HTML designer based on Microsoft Expression Web. However, this edition cannot publish self-developed websites.[clarification needed]
Visual C++ Express
Limitations of Visual C++ Express:
- No support for MFC or ATL. These libraries can, however, be installed from an older version of the Windows SDK and Windows Driver Kit.
- Lack of a resource editor, which is available in commercial editions of Visual Studio.
- No profiling support
- No support for add-ins or IDE macros
- No option for crash dump generation
- No "list of all breakpoints" window.
- No support for cross-language debugging, for example a C# application calling a C++ DLL.
Limitations in earlier versions:
- No out-of-box support for developing 64-bit applications (prior to 2012).
- No support for OpenMP (prior to 2012)
- The debugger cannot be attached to a running process (prior to 2010)
Many open source projects have started providing project files created with Visual C++ Express; noteworthy examples include the Ogre and Irrlicht engines. Modding kits for commercial engines, such as Valve's Source engine, also support this development system.
Visual C# Express
Visual C# Express is a free, lightweight, integrated development environment (IDE) designed for novice developers, students and hobbyists to create applications and (when combined with the XNA Game Studio) video games for Windows, Xbox 360 and Zune. It can build console, Windows Forms and Windows Presentation Foundation applications, and class libraries.
Visual C# Express does not have a breakpoint control panel; breakpoints can only be toggled.
- Encapsulate field
- Promote local to parameter
- Reorder parameters
- Remove parameters
- Extract interface
The limitations effectively reduce the refactoring capabilities of Visual C# Express to renaming and extracting methods. According to Microsoft, the reason the listed features are absent is "to simplify the C# Express user experience". Some users remarked that the omission of refactoring capabilities removed useful functionality without actually simplifying use.
The ability to attach the debugger to an already-running process is also unavailable, hindering scenarios such as writing Windows services and re-attaching a debugger under ASP.NET when errors under the original debugging session cause breakpoints to be ignored.
For the 2012 release of Visual Express, Microsoft changed its distribution of editions so that each version is geared toward an overall solution type, and can contain more than one project type. (This is unlike previous Express editions, each of which was geared around a single programming language.) For example, a web solution might consist of a web application project and a couple of C# class-library projects. This change was made to reflect the wide diversity of applications available for the web and the new WinRT platform used on Windows 8 and Windows Phone 8.
Microsoft has released five Visual Studio Express 2012 products:
|Edition||Description||Desktop OS||Server OS|
|Visual Studio Express 2012 for Web||Allows development of web applications. Includes integrated features for deploying to Microsoft's Windows Azure cloud computing platform.|
|Visual Studio Express 2012 for Windows Desktop||Allows development of conventional Windows desktop applications in C#, VB.NET and C++, targeting Windows client technologies such as Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF), Windows Forms, and the Win32 API. Unlike previous Express editions, it has built-in support for compiling 64-bit applications through IDE. Update 1 adds support for Windows XP in C++ applications.|
|Visual Studio Team Foundation Server Express 2012||Provides source control, work-item tracking, application lifecycle management and build automation for teams of up to five developers.|
|Visual Studio Express 2012 for Windows Phone||Consists of the Windows Phone 8 SDK that enables developing applications for Windows Phone 7.5 and Windows Phone 8 and testing them on an emulator. Supports C++, .NET Framework and DirectX. As part of its .NET Framework support, it can integrate with Microsoft Expression Blend.||Windows 8 (x64 only)||N/A|
In October 2013, Microsoft released four new versions of its Visual Studio Express products. Like the 2012 Express edition, they are geared toward an overall solution type which may mix different types of projects. However, different IDEs are still offered for different destination platforms. They are: 
- Visual Studio Express 2013 for Web
- Visual Studio Express 2013 for Windows: Note: Works on Windows 8.1 only (x86 and x64).
- Visual Studio Express 2013 for Windows Desktop
- Visual Studio Team Foundation Server Express 2013
Note that Visual Studio Express for Windows Phone was not released in the set of 2013 products, but Visual Studio Express for Windows Phone is now merged with Visual Studio Express for Windows 2013.2. With this new release, Windows 8.1 x86 is now supported for Windows Phone 8.1 development, but not for Windows Phone 8.0 development or the Windows Phone Emulator, the latter of which also requires a processor that supports Client Hyper-V and Second Level Address Translation (SLAT).
Visual Studio is extensible by nature, ultimately consisting of a core "shell" that implements all commands, windows, editors, project types, languages, and other features through dynamically loadable modules called "packages". Microsoft encourages and fosters third-party partners to create modules for Visual Studio via the free VSIP program. However, according to Dan Fernandez, Microsoft "made a business decision to not allow 3rd party extensibility in Express".
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