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Mictocaris halope.jpg
Mictocaris halope
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Superorder: Peracarida
Order: Mictacea
Bowman, Garner, Hessler, Iliffe & Sanders, 1985 [1]

Mictacea is an order of crustaceans, erected for six species of small shrimp-like animals of the deep sea and anchialine caves.[2]


Mictaceans have a brood pouch (marsupium) and biramous thoracic limbs, but lack a carapace.[3] They have eyestalks but "no functioning visual elements".[4]


The existence of animals resembling the Mictacea had been predicted by Frederick Schram in the early 1980s. Two groups of scientists independently discovered the animals in 1985, and, once they learnt of each other's work, agreed to work together on the paper describing the new order.[5]


A total of five species are recognised, split between two families:[6][7]

Hirsutiidae Sanders, Hessler & Garner, 1985
Mictocarididae Bowman & Iliffe, 1985


  1. ^ J. W. Martin & G. E. Davis (2001). An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea (PDF). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. pp. 1–132. 
  2. ^ J. K. Lowry & M. Yerman. "Mictacea". crustacea.net. Australian Museum. Retrieved September 3, 2007. 
  3. ^ Matthew A. Wills (2001). "Morphological disparity: a primer". In Jonathan M. Adrain; Gregory D. Edgecombe; Bruce S. Lieberman. Fossils, Phylogeny, and Form: an Analytical Approach. Topics in geobiology. Springer. pp. 55–144. ISBN 978-0-306-46721-9. 
  4. ^ Olav Giere (2009). "Meiofauna taxa: a systematic account". Meiobenthology: the Microscopic Motile Fauna of Aquatic Sediments (2nd ed.). Springer. pp. 103–234. ISBN 978-3-540-68657-6. doi:10.1007/b106489. 
  5. ^ Thomas E. Bowman; Susan P. Garner; Robert R. Hessler; Thomas M. Iliffe; Howard L. Sanders (1985). "Mictacea, a new order of Crustacea Peracarida". Journal of Crustacean Biology. 5 (1): 74–78. JSTOR 1548221. doi:10.2307/1548221. 
  6. ^ J. K. Lowry & M. Yerman. "Mictacea: checklist". crustacea.net. Australian Museum. Retrieved September 3, 2007. 
  7. ^ Damià Jaume, Geoff A. Boxshall & Roger N. Bamber (2006). "A new genus from the continental slope off Brazil and the discovery of the first males in the Hirsutiidae (Crustacea: Peracarida: Bochusacea)" (PDF). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 148 (2): 169–208. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00235.x.