|Division||Division I FBS|
|Members||12 (13 in football)|
|Sports fielded||23 (men's: 11; women's: 12)|
|Commissioner||Jon Steinbrecher (since 2009)|
The Mid-American Conference (MAC) is a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I collegiate athletic conference with a membership base in the Great Lakes region that stretches from Western New York to Illinois. Nine of the twelve full member schools are in Ohio and Michigan, with single members located in Illinois, Indiana, and New York. For football, the MAC participates in the NCAA's Football Bowl Subdivision, with an affiliate member in Massachusetts.
The MAC is headquartered in the Public Square district in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, and has two members in the nearby Akron area. The MAC has been referred to as the "Conference of Quarterbacks" because of the accomplishments of numerous former players in the National Football League. The conference also ranks highest among all eleven NCAA Division I FBS conferences for graduation rates.
- 1 History
- 2 Member schools
- 3 Commissioners
- 4 Sports
- 5 Football
- 6 Basketball
- 7 Championships
- 8 Facilities
- 9 Hall of Fame
- 10 Media
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The five charter members of the Mid-American Conference were Ohio University, Butler University, the University of Cincinnati, Wayne University (now Wayne State University), and Western Reserve University, one of the predecessors to today's Case Western Reserve University. Wayne University left after the first year. Miami University and Western Michigan University took the place of those charter members for the 1948 season. The MAC added the University of Toledo (1950), Kent State University (1951), and Bowling Green State University (1952). The University of Cincinnati resigned its membership February 18, 1953, with an effective date of June 1, 1953. Cincinnati's decision was based on a new requirement that at least 5 conference football games would have to be scheduled each season, University President Raymond Walters saying they "...regretfully resign...as the university could not continue under the present setup..." 
The membership was steady for the next two decades except for the addition of Marshall University in 1954 and the departure of Western Reserve in 1955. Marshall was expelled from the conference in 1969 due to NCAA violations. The first major expansion since the 1950s took place in the mid-1970s with the addition of Central Michigan University and Eastern Michigan University in 1972 and Ball State University and Northern Illinois University in 1973. NIU left after the 1985–86 season. The University of Akron joined the conference in 1992. The conference became the largest in Division I-A with the re-admittance of Marshall and NIU and addition of the State University of New York at Buffalo's Bulls in 1997 and 1998, respectively. The University of Central Florida joined for football only in 2002, becoming the first football-only member in conference history. Marshall (a second time) and Central Florida (a non-football all-sports member in the Atlantic Sun Conference at the time) would leave after the 2004–05 academic year, both joining Conference USA in all sports.
The Louisville Cardinals were a MAC affiliate for field hockey for a number of years when Louisville was a member of the Metro Conference and Conference USA, winning two MAC tourney titles in 2003 and 2004.
The Missouri State Bears, Evansville Purple Aces, and Southern Illinois Salukis participate in the MAC for men's swimming and diving. In 2012, the West Virginia Mountaineers joined the Florida Atlantic Owls and Hartwick College Hawks as men's soccer affiliates. Missouri, Northern Iowa, and Old Dominion are wrestling affiliates. The Missouri State Bears are also an affiliate for field hockey.
The UMass Minutemen joined the MAC as a football-only member in July 2012; the university announced that the team would leave the MAC at the end of the 2015 season due to contractual issues. Meanwhile, Temple ended its affiliation with the MAC in football and joined the Big East for football in July 2012. Following the split of the Big East into football-sponsoring and non-football conferences in July 2013, Temple became a full member of the football-sponsoring portion, the American Athletic Conference, ending its membership in the Atlantic 10 at that time. The Chicago State Cougars were an affiliate for men's tennis until joining the Western Athletic Conference, which sponsors that sport, in July 2013.
There are twelve schools with full membership:
|Institution||Location||Founded||Joined||Type||Enrollment||Nickname||Colors||U.S. News Ranking|
|University of Akron||Akron, Ohio||1870||1992||Public||25,865||Zips||Akron Navy Blue & Gold
|Bowling Green State University||Bowling Green, Ohio||1910||1952||Public||18,756||Falcons||BGSU Orange & Brown
|The State University of New York at Buffalo||Buffalo, New York||1846||1998||Public||29,850 ||Bulls||Blue & Gray
|Kent State University||Kent, Ohio||1910||1951||Public||29,477||Golden Flashes||Kent State Blue & Gold
|Miami University||Oxford, Ohio||1809||1947||Public||20,126||RedHawks||Red & White
|Ohio University||Athens, Ohio||1804||1946||Public||21,844||Bobcats||Ohio Green & White
|Ball State University||Muncie, Indiana||1918||1973||Public||20,113||Cardinals||Cardinal & White
|Central Michigan University||Mount Pleasant, Michigan||1892||1971||Public||27,693 ||Chippewas||Maroon & Gold
|Eastern Michigan University||Ypsilanti, Michigan||1849||1971||Public||22,974||Eagles||Green & Black
||77 (Regional: Midwest)|
|Northern Illinois University||DeKalb, Illinois||1895||1975,
|Public||25,313||Huskies||Cardinal & Black
|University of Toledo||Toledo, Ohio||1872||1950||Public||21,594||Rockets||Tower Blue & Rocket Gold
|Western Michigan University||Kalamazoo, Michigan||1903||1947||Public||25,045||Broncos||Brown & Gold
Current affiliate members
Ten schools have MAC affiliate membership status. On July 1, 2012, Temple joined the Big East Conference for football only (the school's other sports would join the Big East/American for 2013–14), and Massachusetts replaced Temple as a football-only member in the MAC East Division. On September 19, 2012, the MAC announced Missouri, Northern Iowa and Old Dominion would join as wrestling affiliates; as the Southeastern and Missouri Valley Conferences do not sponsor wrestling. Missouri and Northern Iowa participated only in the conference tournament in the 2012–13 school year, and began full conference play in 2013–14. Old Dominion did not begin MAC competition until 2013–14, when it left the Colonial Athletic Association (which had sponsored wrestling, but no longer does so) for Conference USA (which has never sponsored the sport).
On July 1, 2013, Florida Atlantic's men's soccer program moved with the rest of its athletic program to Conference USA, and Chicago State's men's tennis team followed the rest of its sports to the Western Athletic Conference.
The 2014–15 school year saw one affiliate member leave for another conference and two new affiliates join. The Hartwick men's soccer team left the MAC for the Sun Belt Conference, which had announced in February 2014 that it would reinstate men's soccer, a sport that it last sponsored in 1995, for the 2014 season. The new affiliates for 2014–15 are Binghamton in men's tennis and Longwood in field hockey.
|Binghamton University||Vestal, New York||1946||Public||16,098||Bearcats||Green & White
||America East||men's tennis|
|University of Evansville||Evansville, Indiana||1854||Private||3,050||Purple Aces||Purple, White, & Orange
||Missouri Valley||men's swimming|
|Longwood University||Farmville, Virginia||1839||Public||4,800||Lancers||Blue & Grey
||Big South||field hockey|
|University of Massachusetts †||Amherst, Massachusetts||1863||Public||27,062||Minutemen||Maroon & White
||Atlantic 10 (A-10)||football
(MAC East Division)
|University of Missouri||Columbia, Missouri||1839||Public||34,255||Tigers||Black and MU Gold
|Missouri State University||Springfield, Missouri||1905||Public||21,425||Bears||Maroon & White
||Missouri Valley||field hockey
|University of Northern Iowa||Cedar Falls, Iowa||1876||Public||13,080||Panthers||Purple and Gold
|Old Dominion University||Norfolk, Virginia||1930||Public||24,730||Monarchs||Slate Blue, Silver, and Light Blue
|Southern Illinois University Carbondale||Carbondale, Illinois||1869||Public||17,964||Salukis||Maroon & White
||Missouri Valley||men's swimming|
|West Virginia University||Morgantown, West Virginia||1867||Public||29,616||Mountaineers||Old Gold & Blue
||Big 12||men's soccer|
† = On March 26, 2014, UMass announced that they would leave the MAC following the 2015 FBS football season.
Nicknames listed here reflect those used during each school's MAC tenure. Two schools have changed their nicknames since leaving the MAC—Central Florida dropped "Golden" from its nickname, becoming simply Knights, while Wayne State now uses Warriors. Western Reserve merged with Case Institute of Technology in 1967 to form today's Case Western Reserve University, with the athletic programs merging in 1971. With the athletic merger, Case Western abandoned the nicknames of both former institutions and adopted Spartans.
Former full members
|Butler University||Indianapolis, Indiana||1855||1946||1949||Private||4,667||Bulldogs||Blue & White
|University of Cincinnati||Cincinnati, Ohio||1819||1946||1953||Public||41,357||Bearcats||Red & Black
|Marshall University||Huntington, West Virginia||1837||1954,
|Public||13,971||Thundering Herd||Kelly Green & White
|Wayne State University||Detroit, Michigan||1868||1946||1947||Public||30,909||Tartars||Green & Gold
|Western Reserve University||Cleveland, Ohio||1826||1946||1955||Private||9,685||Red Cats||Blue, White, & Gray
Former affiliate members
|Hartwick College ‡||Oneonta, New York||1797||2007||2014||Private||1,520||Hawks||Wellesley Blue & White
(NCAA Division III)
Sun Belt (men's soccer)
|Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne
|Fort Wayne, Indiana||1917||2002 (tennis)
2005 (men's soccer)
2007 (men's soccer)
|Public||14,326||Mastodons||Royal Blue & White
||The Summit League||men's soccer
|University of Kentucky||Lexington, Kentucky||1865||1995||2005||Public||28,094||Wildcats||Blue & White
||C-USA (men's soccer)
SEC (most sports)
|University of Louisville||Louisville, Kentucky||1798||1994||2005||Public||22,293||Cardinals||Red & Black
|Temple University||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||1884||2007||2012||Public||37,696||Owls||Cherry & White
|University of Central Florida||Orlando, Florida||1963||2002||2005||Public||58,698||Golden Knights||Black & Gold
|Chicago State University||Chicago, Illinois||1867||2007||2013||Public||7,131||Cougars||Evergreen & White
|Florida Atlantic University||Boca Raton, Florida||1961||2008||2013||Public||26,245||Owls||Blue, Red, & Silver
‡ = In early 2014, the MAC made the decision "... to move forward without multi-divisional institutions." The conference then informed Hartwick College that their contract as an affiliate member would not be renewed.
Full members Associate members (football only)
- Dave Reese, 1946–1964
- Bob James, 1964–1971
- Fred Jacoby, 1971–1982
- Jim Lessig, 1982–1990
- Karl Benson, 1990–1994
- Jerry Ippoliti, 1994–1999
- Rick Chryst, 1999–2009
- Jon Steinbrecher, 2009–present
The Mid-American Conference sponsors championship competition in 11 men's and 12 women's NCAA sanctioned sports. As of the 2014–15 school year, 10 schools are associate members for six sports.
|Swimming and diving||7||8|
|Track and field (indoor)||5||12|
|Track and field (outdoor)||6||12|
Men's sponsored sports by school
|School||Baseball||Basketball||Cross country||Football||Golf||Soccer||Swimming||Tennis||Track and field
|Track and field
|Wrestling||Total MAC sports|
|Totals||11||12||9||12+1[a 1]||9||5+1[a 2]||4+3[a 3]||5+1[a 4]||5||6||6+3[a 5]||84+9|
- Affiliate member Massachusetts.
- Affiliate member West Virginia.
- Affiliate members Evansville, Missouri State, and Southern Illinois.
- Affiliate member Binghamton.
- Affiliates Missouri, Northern Iowa, and Old Dominion.
Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the MAC
1: Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Akron fields a coed team.
Women's sponsored sports by school
|School||Basketball||Cross country||Field hockey||Golf||Gymnastics||Soccer||Softball||Swimming||Tennis||Track and field
|Track and field
|Volleyball||Total MAC sports|
- Affiliate members Longwood and Missouri State.
Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the MAC
|School||Lacrosse||Rifle[wn 1]||Rowing||Synchronized skating[wn 2]|
|Central Michigan||A-Sun[wn 3]||No||No||No|
- Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Akron fields a coed team.
- Synchronized skating is sanctioned by U.S. Figure Skating, not by the NCAA. Most synchronized skating teams are clubs not affiliated with any college or university; Miami is one of about 15 schools that sponsor varsity or club teams.
- Central Michigan will elevate its club lacrosse team to full varsity status in the 2016 season (2015–16 school year).
- For the upcoming season, see 2015 Mid-American Conference football season.
|Team||First season||All-time record||All-time win %||Bowl appearances||Bowl record||MAC titles||Other conference titles||Stadium||Head coach|
|Akron||1891||493–514–37||.490||1||0–1||1||0||InfoCision Stadium – Summa Field||Terry Bowden|
|Bowling Green||1919||515–354–52||.587||12||5–7||11||5||Doyt Perry Stadium||Dino Babers|
|Buffalo||1894||375–500–28||.431||2||0–2||1||1||University at Buffalo Stadium||Lance Leipold|
|Kent State||1920||330–517–28||.393||2||0–2||1||0||Dix Stadium||Paul Haynes|
|Miami||1888||669–427–44||.606||10||7–3||15||7||Yager Stadium||Chuck Martin|
|Ohio||1894||531–541–47||.496||8||2–6||5||6||Peden Stadium||Frank Solich|
|Ball State||1924||431–386–32||.527||7||0–7||5||5||Scheumann Stadium||Pete Lembo|
|Central Michigan||1896||590–389–37||.599||8||3–5||7||9||Kelly/Shorts Stadium||John Bonamego|
|Eastern Michigan||1891||440–555–47||.445||2||1–1||1||9||Rynearson Stadium||Chris Creighton|
|NIU||1899||547–466–51||.538||10||4–6||4||8||Huskie Stadium||Rod Carey|
|Toledo||1917||506–414–24||.549||13||8–5||10||3||Glass Bowl||Matt Campbell|
|Western Michigan||1905||529–431–24||.550||6||0–6||2||1||Waldo Stadium||P. J. Fleck|
The MAC is contracted to provide a team for five college football bowl games: the Bahamas Bowl, Boca Raton Bowl, Camellia Bowl, Famous Idaho Potato Bowl, and GoDaddy Bowl. For the 2014 season, the Boca Raton Bowl received the first pick of MAC teams.
|Pick||Name||Location||Opposing conference||Opposing pick|
|Bahamas Bowl||Nassau, Bahamas||Conference USA|
|1||Boca Raton Bowl||Boca Raton, Florida||Conference USA||1|
|Camellia Bowl||Montgomery, Alabama||Sun Belt||3|
|Famous Idaho Potato Bowl||Boise, Idaho||Mountain West||6|
|GoDaddy Bowl||Mobile, Alabama||Sun Belt||2|
- Under Conference USA rules, the league champion (if not invited to the College Football Playoff or its associated bowls) chooses which of the league's six affiliated bowls it will play in.
College Football Playoff
The MAC champion will receive an automatic berth in one of the so-called "New Year's Six" bowl games associated with the College Football Playoff under either of the following circumstances::
- Selected as one of the top four teams overall by the CFP selection committee, in which case the team will play in a CFP national semifinal.
- Ranked by the committee as the top champion of the so-called "Group of Five" conferences (American, C-USA, MAC, MW, Sun Belt), in which case the team will fill an at-large place in another CFP bowl.
In the first season of the CFP in 2014, no "Group of Five" team was considered for the playoffs, and Boise State from the MW earned the "Group of Five" at-large berth.
During the era of the now-defunct Bowl Championship Series (BCS), one MAC team appeared in a BCS bowl game. In 2012, NIU qualified by being ranked in the top 16 (15th) in the season's final BCS standings, and also higher than at least one champion of a conference that received an automatic berth in a BCS game. In the 2012 season, two such conference champions were ranked below NIU: Big East champion Louisville, who was ranked 22nd, and Big Ten champion Wisconsin, who was unranked. NIU lost to Florida State in the Orange Bowl.
Football rivalries involving MAC teams include:
|Teams||Rivalry name||Trophy||Meetings||Record||Series leader||Current streak|
|Akron||Kent State||–||Wagon Wheel||57||31–24–2||Akron||Kent State won 1|
|Akron||Youngstown State||–||Steel Tire||35||14–19–2||Youngstown State||Youngstown State won 3|
|Bowling Green||Kent State||Battle for the Anniversary Award||Anniversary Award||82||57–19–6||Bowling Green||Bowling Green won 2|
|Bowling Green||Toledo||Battle of I-75||Battle of I-75 Trophy||79||39–36–4||Bowling Green||Toledo won 5|
|Massachusetts||Boston College||Boston College–UMass football rivalry||–||22||4–18||Boston College||Boston College won 7|
|Massachusetts||New Hampshire||Colonial Clash||Bill Knight Trophy (MVP)||74||43–28–3||Massachusetts||New Hampshire won 2|
|Massachusetts||Connecticut||UConn–UMass football rivalry||–||4||2-2||Massachusetts||Connecticut loss 2|
|Miami||Cincinnati||Battle for the Bell||Victory Bell||119||59–53–7||Miami||Cincinnati won 9|
|Miami||Ohio||Battle of the Bricks||–||91||52-37-2||Miami||Ohio won 2|
|Ohio||Marshall||Battle for the Bell||The Bell||58||32–20–6||Ohio||Marshall won 1|
|Ball State||NIU||–||Bronze Stalk Trophy||42||20–20–2||–||NIU won 6|
|Central Michigan||Western Michigan||CMU–WMU Rivalry||Victory Cannon||85||37–46–2||Western Michigan||Western Michigan won 1|
In addition, Central Michigan, Eastern Michigan, and Western Michigan compete for the Michigan MAC Trophy, which is awarded to the team with the best head-to-head record each year. Since the inception of the trophy in 2005, Central Michigan and Eastern Michigan have each won the trophy three times, and Western Michigan has won the trophy once.
In August 2010, Commissioner Jon Steinbrecher and the Cleveland Cavaliers announced that the Mid-American Conference Men's and Women's Basketball Tournaments would remain in Cleveland at Quicken Loans Arena through 2017. Both tournaments have flourished since moving to Cleveland in 2000, with the men's semi-finals and championship regularly drawing large crowds at Quicken Loans Arena. In 2007, the MAC also announced a format change for both tournaments, bringing all twelve men's and women's teams to Cleveland. The MAC also co-hosted the 2007 Women's Final Four at Quicken Loans Arena after successfully hosting the 2006 NCAA Women's Basketball Regional at the same facility.
Current MAC champions
The following are the most recent champions of each sport's respective conference tournament. Champions from the previous academic year are indicated in italics.
Hall of Fame
The Mid-American Conference Hall of Fame was the first Division I conference Hall of Fame. It was established in 1987 and classes have been inducted in 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 2012 and 2013.
In order to be eligible, a person must have participated during the time the university was in the MAC and five years must have passed from the time the individual participated in athletics or worked in the athletic department.
The following list are the members of the MAC Hall of Fame, along with the school they were affiliated with, the sport(s) they were inducted for and the year they were inducted.
A number of MAC sports, including football, men's and women's basketball, baseball, soccer, wrestling and volleyball, are telecast on Time Warner Cable Sports Channel (Ohio) replacing SportsTime Ohio and FSN Ohio as the MAC TV Partner. The deal was signed in August 2013 and is for five years. Along with TWC SportsChannel, ESPN Regional TV retains the "local and regional" syndication telecast rights to the MAC for Football.
Ball State produces its own comprehensive television package with Ball State Sports Link. Affiliate stations include WIPB in Muncie, WNDY in Indianapolis, The CW in Fort Wayne, WHME in South Bend, WTVW in Evansville, WYIN in Merrillville and Comcast in Michigan. All Ball State Sports Link games are also broadcast on student radio station WCRD and on the Ball State Radio Network produced by WLBC-FM and Backyard Broadcasting.
NIU has multiple football and basketball games telecast by Comcast SportsNet Chicago. In addition, most NIU football and basketball games can be heard on WSCR-AM 670 "The Score" - Chicago's powerful 50,000-watt top-rated all-sports station, which reaches 38 states and Canada.
MAC Properties (a division of ISP Sports) is the sponsorship arm of the Mid-American Conference, and handles all forms of sponsorship and advertising for the MAC which includes managing and growing its stable of official corporate partners. As of 2010, the MAC has five official corporate partners: FirstEnergy, Marathon, PNC Bank, AutoTrader.com and Cleveland Clinic Sports Health. There are approximately 20 other companies engaged as sponsors of the conference at the non-official level. MAC Properties also assists with the management of the conference's television and radio contracts, including those with ESPN Regional, FOX Sports Ohio and ESPN 850 WKNR among others.
- "International Bowl 2008". 2007. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- Alexander, Elton (February 4, 2009). "Mid-American Conference riding Steelers' wave of MAC stars into high-school recruiting battle". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- "MAC Football Programs Lead I-A Public Institutions In Graduation Success Rates" (Press release). MAC-Sports.com. September 8, 2006. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- The Lima News, February 19, 1953
- "Volume high, but conference movement itself not unprecedented". NCAA. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
- Wilson, Tracy. "The Real Story Behind We Are Marshall". Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Missouri State Will Join Mid-American Conference in Men's Swimming". Missouri State University. 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
- Carvelli, Michael (April 3, 2012). "West Virginia men's soccer team to join the Mid-American Conference next season". The Daily Athenaeum. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
- Elton Alexander (April 19, 2011). "University of Massachusetts football to join Mid-American Conference, sources say". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- UMass Football Will Leave Mid-American Conference at End of 2015 - University of Massachusetts Official Athletic Site. Umassathletics.com (2014-03-26). Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
- Temple joining Big East for football in 2012, other sports in 2013
- Temple Owls will join Big East for football in 2012, all other sports in 2013
- "This is the mid-american conference". Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- "Quick facts and figures". University of Akron. 2014. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- University of Akron Brand Standards
- "The Blade". The Blade. January 2010. Retrieved June 15, 2010.
- UB At a Glance
- "Fifteenth Day Enrollment Statistics, Kent Campus - Fall 2014" (PDF). Fifteenth Day Enrollment Statistics. Kent State University. September 2014. p. 5. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Identification and Standards Manual" (PDF). Miami University. May 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-12.
- Quick Facts Central Michigan University
- "Graphic Identity System: Logos and Standards" (PDF). Eastern Michigan University. Retrieved 2014-09-12.
- "MAC Adds Three Affiliate Members In Wrestling" (Press release). Mid-American Conference. August 29, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- "Sun Belt Men's Soccer to Re-Debut in Fall 2014" (Press release). Sun Belt Conference. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- "Binghamton Joins in Men's Tennis and Longwood in Field Hockey" (Press release). Mid-American Conference. April 21, 2014. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "UMass football program leaving MAC after 2015 season". CBS Sports. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
- Marshall University, Web Development: Logo Publishing Guide
- "Year-By-Year Standings" (PDF). 2013 MAC Men's Soccer Media Guide. Mid-American Conference. pp. 25–26. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "MAC Men's Tennis Tournament History" (PDF). 2012 MAC Men's Tennis Record Book. Mid-American Conference. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
- "Annual MAC Standings" (PDF). 2012 MAC Field Hockey Record Book. Mid-American Conference. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- "MAC > Home". Mac-sports.com. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "A-Sun Welcomes Central Michigan as #ASunWLAX Affiliate" (Press release). Atlantic Sun Conference. January 23, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- All time Division I-A football records, College Football Data Warehouse
- "Mid-American Conference and Quicken Loans Arena Announce Extension to Hold FirstEnergy Mac Tournament at The Q Through 2017". Quicken Loans Arena. 2010. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
- "MAC Tournament History" (PDF). 2008-09 Men's Basketball Media Guide. Mid-American Conference. 2008. pp. 62–63. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
- "MAC Hall of Fame". Mid-American Conference. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
- "MAC Announces 2012 Hall of Fame Class". Mid-American Conference. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- "MAC Announces 2013 Hall of Fame Class". Mid-American Conference. May 30, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.