Mid Lanarkshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 55°48′36″N 4°12′36″W / 55.810°N 4.210°W / 55.810; -4.210

Mid Lanarkshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland county of Lanark
18851918
Number of members One

Mid Lanarkshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster) from 1885 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

Boundaries[edit]

The name relates the constituency to the county of Lanark. The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the Mid division was to consist of "the parishes of Rutherglen, Carmunnock, so much of the parish of Cathcart as adjoins the two last-mentioned parishes, Cambuslang, Blantyre, so much of the parish of Hamilton as lies south and west of the River Clyde, Dalserf and Cambusnethan".[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1885 Stephen Mason Liberal
1888 by-election John Wynford Philipps, later Viscount St Davids Liberal
1894 by-election James Caldwell Liberal
Jan. 1910 John Howard Whitehouse Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

William Bousfield
General Election 1885: Mid Lanarkshire [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Stephen Mason 2,875 39.0 n/a
Conservative William Robert Bousfield 2,579 35.0 n/a
Independent Liberal John Clark Forrest 1,913 26.0 n/a
Majority 296 4.0 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Mid Lanarkshire [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Stephen Mason 3,779 56.5 +17.5
Liberal Unionist James Widrington Shand-Harvey 2,909 43.5 +8.5
Majority 870 13.0 +9.0
Turnout 6,688 74.8
Liberal hold Swing +4.5
John Philipps
27 April 1888 by-election: Mid Lanarkshire [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Wynford Philipps 3,847 52.1 -4.5
Conservative William Robert Bousfield 2,917 39.5 -4.0
Independent Labour James Keir Hardie 617 8.4 N/A
Majority 930 12.6 -0.4
Turnout 7,381 80.7 +5.9
Liberal hold Swing
  • Resignation of Mason, April 1888

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Mid Lanarkshire [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Wynford Philipps 4,611 56.9
Conservative Robert E.S. Harington-Stuart 3,489 43.1
Majority 1,122 13.8
Turnout 77.2
Liberal hold Swing
James Caldwell
Mid Lanarkshire by-election, 1894
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Caldwell 3,965 45.0
Liberal Unionist Robert E.S. Harington-Stuart 3,635 41.2
Scottish Parliamentary Labour Party Robert Smillie 1,221 13.8 n/a
Majority 330 3.8
Turnout 78.1
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1895: Mid Lanarkshire [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Caldwell 4,447 50.4
Conservative Charles Kincaid MacKenzie 4,376 49.6
Majority 71 0.8
Turnout 77.4
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Mid Lanarkshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Caldwell 5,267 50.9 +0.5
Conservative Charles Kincaid MacKenzie 5,075 49.1 -0.5
Majority 1.8 +1.0
Turnout 79.6 +2.2
Liberal hold Swing +0.5
General Election 1906: Mid Lanarkshire [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Caldwell 7,246 58.1
Conservative Duncan Frederick Campbell 4,470 35.8
Independent A.S. Gibson 758 6.1
Majority 2,776 22.3
Turnout 81.1
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Robert Smillie
General Election Jan 1910: Mid Lanarkshire [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Howard Whitehouse 5,792 38.4
Conservative John Johnson Pickering 5,401 35.9
Labour Robert Smillie 3,864 25.7
Majority 391 2.5
Turnout 84.6 +3.5
Liberal hold Swing
John Whitehouse
General Election Dec 1910: Mid Lanarkshire [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Howard Whitehouse 6,033 38.7 +0.2
Conservative Henry Shanks Keith 5,702 36.6 +0.7
Labour Robert Smillie 3,847 24.7 -1.0
Majority 331 2.1
Turnout 84.3
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, Seventh Schedule, Part II
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  4. ^ (1) Craig. (2) Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  5. ^ Craig
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  9. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)

See also[edit]