Mid Ulster by-election, 2013
The Mid Ulster seat in the House of Commons.
Triggered by vacation of seat by incumbent
A by-election for the UK House of Commons constituency of Mid Ulster in Northern Ireland was held on 7 March 2013. The election was triggered by the resignation of Martin McGuinness, who had been elected to the seat in 1997 as the Sinn Féin candidate. The election was won by Francie Molloy, also of Sinn Féin.
Resignation of McGuinness
On 11 June 2012, the sitting MP Martin McGuinness announced his intention to resign from the House of Commons to concentrate on his position as Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland and avoid so-called "double jobbing", by which members of the Northern Ireland Assembly sometimes also work as MPs or councillors.
Under the Westminster system, the vacation of a seat by a sitting MP triggers a by-election to choose their successor, with the election date in this case being set by the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland due to Sinn Féin's policy of abstentionism. In reference to the cost incurred by such an election, Sinn Féin said they would have preferred the vacancy be filled by co-option (as used for other elected bodies in Northern Ireland), but this is not permitted in the Westminster system.
Having delayed the announcement in part to avoid a winter election, McGuinness confirmed he had resigned on 30 December 2012, with the formal process of being appointed Crown Steward and Bailiff of the Manor of Northstead occurring on 2 January 2013, a procedural device that Sinn Féin oppose.
Sinn Féin candidate Francie Molloy held the seat. However, the majority was much reduced from the 2010 election. The Sinn Féin vote fell by five percentage points to just under 47%. Also, whereas in 2010 McGuinness was opposed by three unionist parties, the Democratic Unionist Party, Ulster Conservatives and Unionists and Traditional Unionist Voice, none of whom polled more than 15%, on this occasion there was only a single independent Unionist candidate, Nigel Lutton. Lutton took over 34% of the vote, a slight increase on the combined votes of the three unionists in the general election.
|Mid Ulster by-election, 2013
Resignation of Martin McGuinness
Turnout: 37,208 (55.7%) -7.5
|Sinn Féin hold
Majority: 4,681 (12.6%) -25.0
Swing: 3.41% from SF to Ind
|Francie Molloy||Sinn Féin||17,462||46.9||-5.1|
Candidates and the campaign
Nigel Lutton stood as an Independent Unionist, supported by the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP; who stood at the preceding general election as part of the Conservatives and Unionists), Traditional Unionist Voice (TUV) and others.
The possibility of a unionist 'unity' candidate to maximise the chance of defeating Sinn Féin was raised early on. There were discussions between the DUP and the UUP on standing a unity candidate. The UUP were described as being "coy" on whether or not they would stand or support another unionist candidate. The DUP chair of Magherafelt District Council and TUV leader Jim Allister MLA called for a unity candidate and TUV said they would probably not stand a candidate. The UUP leader Mike Nesbitt said in late January that the party would be willing to support a "community candidate", but that the UUP would stand a candidate if the DUP stood a candidate. However, a meeting of the UUP constituency association was reported to be divided on the issue of whether to support a unity candidate. This came against a backdrop of greater unionist unity in Northern Irish politics more generally, including the setting up of the Unionist Forum and warmer relationships between the DUP and UUP, and the flag protests.
On 14 February, the UUP and DUP constituency associations both agreed to support victims' campaigner and local undertaker Nigel Lutton as a single unionist candidate. TUV are also supported Lutton's candidacy, with Walter Millar, the party's constituency chairman and their candidate at the general election, signing Lutton's nomination papers. However, two UUP Members of the Northern Ireland Legislative Assembly, former deputy leader John McCallister and Basil McCrea, resigned from the party in protest at the decision and closer co-operation with the DUP. After the by-election, in June 2013, they announced the formation of NI21, a new unionist party.
Lutton declined to tell reporters which party he usually votes for. He previously worked as a personal assistant for DUP MP David Simpson, to whom he is related, and had before that been a member of the Young Unionists, the youth wing of the UUP. His election agent was UUP General Secretary Colin McCusker, a long-time personal friend. Both DUP and UUP politicians were involved in his campaign.
Willie Frazer, a victims' campaigner, independent unionist and spokesman for the then newly constituted protest alliance the Ulster People's Forum, initially announced his intention to stand. Frazer told a 'webchat' for the Belfast Newsletter that the Ulster People's Forum "is not a political party", and that in usual circumstances he would consider voting for the Traditionalist Unionist Voice. At the end of January 2013, Frazer then said he would consider not standing in favour of Jamie Bryson, a leading figure in the Belfast City Hall flag protests who is the interim chair of the Ulster People's Forum. After Lutton's selection, Frazer initially announced that he would not be running and fully supported him. However, he later said he would still consider standing if Lutton was too close to the DUP. He did not, in the end, submit his candidacy. After the by-election, in April 2013, he co-founded the Protestant Coalition, a new political party.
Allegations about the killing of Frederick Lutton
Nigel Lutton's father, Frederick, was a former RUC reservist killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) in 1979. In 2007, under Parliamentary privilege, DUP MP David Simpson (a cousin of Frederick Lutton) alleged that Francie Molloy, then a PIRA volunteer/member, was suspected by the police of being involved in Lutton's death. Simpson also claimed Molloy had become an informer for the British security forces after being caught in "a compromising position" and that he was "well known – and this information is from the police – for a series of sexual indiscretions". Molloy, the claims continued, allowed the police to "break open" the IRA's East Tyrone Brigade. These allegations were denied by Molloy, who has challenged unionists to repeat them outside Parliament, which would allow him to take legal action.
UUP leader Mike Nesbitt has said he was unaware of the allegations against Molloy when he agreed on the choice of Nigel Lutton as candidate. Nigel Lutton stated that his decision to stand was not because of Molloy's candidacy. Nigel Lutton's uncle Joey was named as a member of the Glenanne gang in The Cassel Report, having been convicted for his part in a number of Ulster Volunteer Force killings.
|General election 2010
Turnout: 40,842 (63.2%) -10.0
|Sinn Féin hold
Majority: 15,363 (37.6%)
Swing: 5.8% from DUP to SF
|Martin McGuinness||Sinn Féin||21,239||52.0||+2.4|
2Compared to the Ulster Unionist Party at the previous election.
- Mid Ulster by-election, 1955
- Mid Ulster by-election, 1956
- Mid Ulster by-election, 1969
- Mid Ulster by-election, 1986
- List of United Kingdom by-elections
- "Mid Ulster by-election date set", BBC News, 11 February 2013
- McGuinness to inherit Adams' old British title under SF reorganisation Thejournal.ie
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- Manor of Northstead Treasury
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- Molloy to contest Mid-Ulster when McGuiness steps down BBC News
- SF's Deputy Speaker to run for Mid Ulster Westminster seat Slugger O'Toole
- Published on 08/01/2013 14:22. "Advocates of unionist unity candidate 'stuck in the past'". Mid Ulster Mail. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
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- Unique opportunity for unionism to consolidate - McLean Tyrone Times
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- Advocates of unionist unity candidate ‘stuck in the past’ Tyrone Times
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- Published on 22/02/2013 12:35 (2013-02-22). "This is not about me and Molloy says town undertaker". Portadown Times. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Purdy, Martina (2013-02-14). "Mid Ulster by-election: Lutton chosen as unionist candidate". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- "Mid Ulster TUV Chair Signs Lutton's Nomination Papers". Tuv.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- "A new Unionist party is born". Newsletter.co.uk. 2013-02-27. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
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- Published on 30/01/2013 12:56 (2013-01-30). "Leading flag protester a surprise candidate in Mid-Ulster by-election?". Mid Ulster Mail. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Published on 15/02/2013 10:52 (2013-02-15). "Mid-Ulster Unity candidate agreed". Mid Ulster Mail. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- "McCallister and McCrea to sit in the 'naughty seats'". Newsletter.co.uk. 2013-02-18. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- David McKittrick (2013-02-15). "IRA murder victim's son to face alleged killer in election". The Independent. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- "'Informer' Molloy is linked to IRA killing". BelfastTelegraph.co.uk. 22 November 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- "Sinn Féin selects its Mid Ulster candidate", The Irish News, 13 December 2012.
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- "Mid-Ulster by-election candidate profiles", bbc.co.uk; accessed 27 May 2014.