Middle Bronze Age Cold Epoch

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The Middle Bronze Age Cold Epoch was a period of unusually cold climate in the North Atlantic region, lasting from about 1800 BC to about 1500 BC.[1] It was followed by the Bronze Age Optimum (1500—900 year BC).

Central Greenland reconstructed temperature.

During that epoch, a series of severe volcanic eruptions occurred, including Mount Vesuvius (Avellino eruption, ≈1660 BC),[2] Mount Aniakchak (≈1645 BC),[3] and Thera (Minoan eruption, ≈1620 BC).[4]


  1. ^ Siklosy, Z.; et al. (2007). "Middle bronze age climate change recorded in a Hungarian stalagmite: triggering by volcanic activity?" (PDF). Geophysical Research Abstracts. 11 (00777). 
  2. ^ Vogel, J. S.; et al. (1990). "Vesuvius/Avellino, one possible source of seventeenth century BC climatic disturbances". Nature. 344 (6266): 534–537. Bibcode:1990Natur.344..534V. doi:10.1038/344534a0. 
  3. ^ Pearce, N. J. G., J. A. Westgate, S. J. Preece, W. J. Eastwood, and W. T. Perkins (2004). "Identification of Aniakchak (Alaska) tephra in Greenland ice core challenges the 1645 BC date for Minoan eruption of Santorini". Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 5 (3): Q03005. Bibcode:2004GGG.....5.3005P. doi:10.1029/2003GC000672. 
  4. ^ Friedrich, Walter L.; et al. (2006). "Santorini Eruption Radiocarbon Dated to 1627-1600 B.C.". Science. 312 (5773): 548. doi:10.1126/science.1125087. PMID 16645088. 
Preceded by
Middle Bronze Age Cold Epoch
1800 BC– 1500 BC
Succeeded by
Bronze Age Optimum