Middle Paxton Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania

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Middle Paxton Township, Pennsylvania
A Middle Paxton Township vista from Boyd Big Tree Preserve Conservation Area
A Middle Paxton Township vista from
Boyd Big Tree Preserve Conservation Area
Location in Dauphin County and state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Dauphin County and state of Pennsylvania.
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Dauphin
Settled 1750
Incorporated 1787
 • Total 59.2 sq mi (153 km2)
 • Land 54.6 sq mi (141 km2)
 • Water 4.6 sq mi (12 km2)
Population (2000)
 • Total 4,823
 • Density 88.4/sq mi (34.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 717

Middle Paxton Township is a township in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 4,823 at the 2000 census.


In 1729 the Paxtang Township of Lancaster County was established. The spelling "Paxtang" is from the original Indian name "Peshtank," which meant "standing water."[1] Today we use the word Paxton instead of Paxtang. The word “Paxton” was actually brought over by the Scottish settlers and means “town or area of Peace”.

On March 4, 1785 the County of Dauphin was formed from Lancaster County. The word “Dauphin” was from the French name given to the Prince of France whose country the area government wanted to honor for its assistance in the Revolutionary War. About two years later in August of 1787 the legislature began to splinter Paxtang Township, first into: Upper Paxtang, Middle Paxtang and Lower Paxtang.[2]

The John Ayres House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[3]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 59.2 square miles (153.3 km²), of which, 54.6 square miles (141.3 km²) of it is land and 4.6 square miles (12.0 km²) of it (7.84%) is water.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,823 people, 1,906 households, and 1,456 families residing in the township. The population density was 88.4 people per square mile (34.1/km²). There were 1,988 housing units at an average density of 36.4/sq mi (14.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.01% White, 0.27% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.

There were 1,906 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.6% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the township the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 32.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $54,619, and the median income for a family was $59,007. Males had a median income of $41,037 versus $30,233 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,146. About 4.2% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over.


Children in the township attend public school the Central Dauphin School District.


  1. ^ http://www.susquehannatwp.com/About.asp
  2. ^ http://middlepaxtontwp.org/community/history/
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 40°22′00″N 76°49′59″W / 40.36667°N 76.83306°W / 40.36667; -76.83306