Middle Turkic languages

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Middle Turkic
Region Central Asia
Era c. 900–1500 CE
Turkic
Early forms
Old Turkic
  • Middle Turkic
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xqa Karakhanid
Linguist list
qjj Middle Turkish (Middle Uighur)
  xqa Karakhanid

Middle Turkic refers to a phase in the development of the Turkic language family, covering much of the Middle Ages (c. 900–1500 CE). In particular the term is used by linguists to refer to a group of Uyghuric and Oghuz and related languages spoken during this period in Central Asia, Iran, and parts of the Middle East occupied by the Seljuk Turks. Its best known literary form is the Karakhanid dialects spoken in Kashgar, Balasaghun and other cities along the Silk Road. The literary language of the Chagatai Khanate is considered a later form of Middle Turkic. Confusingly, the Uyghuric and Oghuz "Middle Turkic" period overlaps with the East Turkic Old Turkic period, which covers the 8th to 13th centuries.

Literary works of the Middle Turkic period[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sinor, Dennis. "Old Turkic and Middle Turkic Languages." History of the Civilizations of Central Asia, vol. IV, 2 (2000), pp. 331-334.