|Traded as||Richard Middlemore & Sons, William Middlemore, Middlemore And Lamplugh, Middlemores (Coventry) Ltd|
|Industry||Leather goods, mainly saddlery|
|Headquarters||Birmingham, Birmingham and Coventry, Coventry, England|
|Richard Middlemore, William Middlemore, James Middlemore, Thomas Middlemore|
|Products||Bicycle saddles, horse saddles, harnesses, military ammunition pouches and belts, cigar cases|
Middlemores Saddles was a horse saddles and accessories company based in Birmingham, England, with origins dating to the early nineteenth century. After several name changes they ended their time as a bicycle saddle and accessories company in Coventry in the late twentieth century. The company had a trading period that can be documented to at least 160 years; making it one of the most longevous companies to operate in England.
The origins of Middlemores Saddles go back to when Richard Middlemore had a company at 31 Holloway Head, Birmingham. On 31 December 1831 Richard Middlemore & Sons was dissolved and debts paid off by his sons William (1802-1887) and James Middlemore (1807-1891) and the company started again as William Middlemore.
The sons had joint control until 1841 when William took over by mutual consent. Their brother Richard, 1804-1891, chose medicine to become an eye surgeon. William's son, John, (1844-1924) worked with them but later became an MP and Baronet, a title his son William Hawkslow Middlemore (1908-1987) inherited.
The factory supplied horse saddles and accessories to the military in the pre-motorised days. A House of Lords Select Committee survey into wages paid by such contracted companies found William Middlemore paid the best wages. In 1860 they employed 400 workers being one of the largest employers in the UK.
Thomas retired in 1896 and in 1898 purchased the Melsetter Estate on the Orkney Islands. Also in 1896, the firm William Middlemore joined Lamplugh & Co. to become Middlemore & Lamplugh Ltd. this was after buying an additional factory at 89 Little Park Street, Coventry, to make bicycle saddles and accessories.
In 1920 the company was liquidated, the Holloway Head factory absorbed by D. Mason & Sons Ltd, Birmingham and the Coventry bicycle saddle division becoming a separate company Middlemores (Coventry) Ltd. A 1920 advert shows them as 'Middlemores (Coventry) Ltd (late Middlemore & Lamplugh Ltd)'.
After 1920 saddles had a sidestamp with the brand name 'Middlemores' and a rear badge with the brand name 'Middlemore', depending on the model they had either or both. In 1953, they expanded to Torrington Avenue, Coventry. During this period former racing cyclist/manager Bob Thom worked at Middlemores.
The Little Park Street factory continued on after the Torrington Avenue purchase but was forced to close in 1961 due to the council's compulsory purchase order of various buildings in the street for them to be demolished for their redevelopment plans.
Examples of models are the tri-sprung B3 and for sportier bicycles the B89 and narrower, cutaway-sided version, the B89N. The B89N, has a nosepiece with a patent number 20242/60 stamped onto it, this was applied for in 1960 and granted in 1961. A former worker recalled how they made a saddle for Princess Margaret.
Middlemores also made rebadged saddles for at least two bicycle companies. For Moulton they were named the M89 and had a rear badge in metal with the name "Moulton". For the "Viscount" range of bikes made by "Trusty of England" they had a Trusty/Viscount sidestamp and a plastic rear badge with "Viscount".
The company existed, at least on paper, until 21 May 1991 when an extraordinary general meeting took place at 141 Great Charles Street, Birmingham, where it was decided that due to debt the company could no longer continue in business and would voluntarily be liquidated.
- "Remember when . . . ?". The Free Library. Farlex Inc. / Coventry Newspapers. 2003.
- "London Gazette" (PDF). 1832. p. 658., 20 March, gave notice of the 31 December 1831 dissolving of Richard, William and James' partnership
- G. T. Vickery (11 June 1991). "Middlemores (Coventry) Limited" (pdf). London Gazette. p. 8978.
- Middlemore family grave of brothers William, Richard, James showing birth and death dates "Flickr".
- "London Gazette" (PDF). 1841. p. 1866. July 14, notice of William and James partnership dissolved on June 30
- "Plarr's Lives Of The Fellows Online: Biographical entry for Middlemore, Richard (1804 - 1891)". The Royal College of Surgeons of England. 15 August 2012.
- Whitakers Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, And Companionage For The Year... 1925. p. 424. Sir William 2nd Baronet, son of 1st Baronet
- The Mercury. Hobart Tasmania, 6 October 1934, page 7 on Sir William's wedding, mentions him inheriting title from Sir John
- Betteridge, Alan (2010). Deep Roots, Living Branches: A History Of Baptists In The English Western Midlands. Troubador Publishing. p. 240. ISBN 978-1-84876-277-0.
- "London Gazette" (PDF). 1882. p. 3425., 1 May, notice of partnership with Thomas dissolved, 31 December 1881, due to William's retirement
- Tinniswood, Adrian (1999). The Arts & Crafts House. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. p. 34. ISBN 0-8230-0364-7.
- "Listed Building Report - Walls and Flotta Parish - Walls (Hoy), Melsetter, the Hall, Including Gatepiers to West". Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. 8 December 1971. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
- Archibald Sharp (1896). Bicycles & Tricycles: A Classic Treatise On Their Design And Construction. p. 523., fig. 560 shows a William Middlemore bicycle saddle
- The Stock Exchange Official Intelligence Volume 20. Spottiswoode, Ballantyne & Company, Limited. 1902. p. 905.
- "Historic Coventry". Website with a photo from c1896 Showing the premises was established as Wm Middlemore Cycle Saddlery Works before the merger with Lamplugh and Co.
- National Harness Review. vols. 81-82, 1919, page 10
- "London Gazette" (PDF). 1920. p. 5637., 18 May, notice of upcoming meeting on 4 June 1920 concerning liquidation
- "Graces Guide".Middlemores page, newspaper adverts
- "Flickr". B3 sidestamp
- "Flickr". B89 rear badge
- Espacenet. B89N nosepiece patent
- Flickr. B89N nosepiece with patent number
- "Flickr".M89 saddletop stamp
- "Flickr".M89, Moulton rear badge
- Revolutionary Players website, Holloway Head factory
- Flickr website, Torrington Avenue factory
- ancestry.com , photos of William Middlemore and Sir William Hawkslow Middlemore
- ancestry.com , photo of James Middlemore
- National Portrait Gallery website, Sir John Middlemore
- ancestry.com , photos of Thomas and Theodosia Middlemore
- Edinburgh Geological Society: Thomas Middlemore's house
- Emily Groom biography with photos of John and Thomas Middlemore,