|Population||1,914 (2011 census)|
Middlemount is a town and locality in Isaac Region, Central Queensland, Australia. At the 2011 census, Middlemount had a population of 1,914. It is nicknamed the "Giant Peanut" by some locals due to its peanut-shaped road layout. It has been suggested that the road layout was intended to be a gum nut.
Middlemount is located 242 kilometres (150 mi) inland (by road) from Mackay and Rockhampton. It is a mining town servicing three coal mines: Foxleigh, German Creek and world record holding underground coal mine Grasstree.
Middlemount, like many other mining towns in Queensland virtually sprung up overnight in the early 1980s. Middlemount Post Office opened on 2 June 1980.
Middlemount State School opened in 1980 with a secondary department added in 1983. In 1988 the secondary department was separated from the primary school to create Middlemount State High School. However, on 1 January 2001, the schools were amalgamated to form Middlemount Community School.
The Middlemount Library opened in 1984.
Most of the housing is owned by Anglo Coal. The company operates and maintains some of the town's infrastructure. Most of the houses are almost identical, in this instance there are three types of houses; lowset L-shaped, lowset square and highset.
Approximately 40,000 workes have been employed at Middlemount's coal mining over its 39 year history. This town has contributed to the economic development of Queensland and Australia more generally..
The German Creek coal mine (or Capcoal), operated by Anglo Coal, is notable as having the deepest longwall coal mine in Queensland, and also for operating Australia's only 'thin-seam' underground coal mine, using technology from the United States. It has five producing underground mines (Central, Southern, Bundoora, Grasstree and Aquila) and two open cut (open pit) mines (Oak Park and Lake Lindsay). Central and Southern mines are no longer operating, Southern has become Grasstree West and Central Closed in 2006. Aquila mine is currently in "Care & Maintenance" mode, pending changes to the coal market prices.
The Foxleigh coal mine used to be a joint venture between Anglo American, POSCO and Nippon Steel It is currently producing around three million tonnes of coal for the export market. Anglo American announced that it had completed the sale of its 70% interest in the Foxleigh metallurgical coal mine in Queensland, Australia to a consortium led by Taurus Fund Management, following the announcement of the sale and purchase agreement on 4 April 2016 .
Middlemount has a small shopping complex which contains an IGA store, a butchery, an Australian Post Office, Subway, a jewellery and gift store, clothing store 'The Vault', a dentist, a medical centre, a chemist, an ANZ bank, a bakery, 'Lemon Tree' takeaway store and cafe, a hairdressers, and a news agency. The 'Leisure Centre' located across the parking lot from the shopping centre contains 'Hot Rocks' pizza and takeaway store and cafe, a gym, and a hairdressers. Middlemount also has a local Bowls Club, pub with a Bottle-O drive-through, a local hall, a restaurant and hotel motel 'The Swag', a skatepark, a local pool, and a golf club.
The Middlemount Community School is co-educational government primary and secondary school (P-12) in James Randell Drive. In 2015, the school had an enrolment of 373 students with 32 teachers (29 full-time equivalent). Students in Years 9-12 can also study subjects unavailable at the school through the School of Distance Education.
Some of Middlemount's notable former residents are Olympic cyclists Anna Meares and Kerrie Meares. Schapelle Corby's father also had a property in Middlemount, while working at the German Creek Mine during the 1990s.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Middlemount (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- "Middlemount - town (entry 22000)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
- "Middlemount - locality (entry 49386)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
- "Queensland Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-2017" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 13. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- Andrew Fraser & Matt Chambers (19 June 2010). "The towns mining built stand by their makers". The Australian. News Corp. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- "Anglo American completes sale of the Foxleigh mine". australia.angloamerican.com. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
- "Find your local library". Isaac Regional Council. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "2015 School Annual Report" (PDF). Middlemount Community School. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016.