Middlesbrough (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Middlesbrough in Cleveland.
Location of Cleveland within England.
|Electorate||65,851 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Andy McDonald (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Middlesbrough East and Middlesbrough West|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Middlesbrough East and Middlesbrough West|
|Created from||North Riding of Yorkshire|
|European Parliament constituency||North East England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 ToryBoy The Movie
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 Sources
Parliament created this seat under the Representation of the People Act 1867 for the general election the next year, however the population expanded so was split into east/west areas in 1918. From its second creation for the February 1974 general election, the seat has been served by an MP in the Labour Party.
The 2012 by-election result was remarkable in seeing UKIP finish second, behind the large winning Labour share of the vote which would have seen Labour ranked 17th (behind 9 Scottish seats and 8 English seats) against their results for 2010 in the 632 mainland seats.
The boundaries of the constituency are loosely based on the pre 1968 County Borough of Middlesbrough boundaries, which is now defined as the Borough (or Town) of Middlesbrough; the exclusions are its Easterside and Park End Wards, instead in Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland.
In the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission's proposals were approved by Parliament that the constituency have the electoral wards:
- Acklam, Ayresome, Beckfield, Beechwood, Brookfield, Clairville, Gresham, Kader, Linthorpe, Middlehaven, North Ormesby and Brambles Farm, Pallister, Park, Thorntree, University in the Borough of Middlesbrough
The constituency is mostly the urban city itself, largely in the sunset of its once world-leading steel-making output, its adult population has mostly a low income with high unemployment, however with modern advanced engineering, design and tourism the city forms with nearby Redcar a bellwether for the North East region's economy firmly in the British forefront of a determined return to increasing national output. In November 2012 male and female unemployment (based on the more up-to-date claimant statistics) placed Middlesbrough topmost of 29 constituencies in the region, well ahead for example the City of Durham at the bottom of the list, with just 3.4% claimants whereas this area had 9.4% claimants.
In terms of housing stock, the authority is one of few authorities to see the proportion of detached and semi-detached homes increase (to 13.6% and 39.9%), in this instance this was coupled with a similar rise in flats to 11.9%, all at a loss to the share of terraced properties, down 4.7%.
ToryBoy The Movie
ToryBoy The Movie is a British documentary feature film directed by and starring John Walsh. It follows Walsh as he becomes a political candidate for the Conservative Party in the north east England constituency of Middlesbrough. A staunch Labour Party supporter all his life, Walsh had become disillusioned with the party. When David Cameron opened the door to allow non-party members to run for the Conservative candidacy ahead of the 2010 General Election. The claims made about Sir Stuart Bell became national news with some newspapers suggesting he may be "Britain's Laziest MP". This lead to further local investigation Neil Macfarlane a report for the Teesside Gazette asked "Are Teessiders getting enough from Sir Stuart Bell?" when he failed to answer over 100 telephone calls made to his consistency office, as outlined in the film.
Members of Parliament
|1868||Henry William Ferdinand Bolckow||Liberal|
|1878 by-election||Isaac Wilson||Liberal|
|1892||Joseph Havelock Wilson||Independent Labour, later Liberal-Labour|
|1900||Sir Samuel Alexander Sadler||Conservative|
|1906||Joseph Havelock Wilson||Liberal-Labour|
|January 1910||Penry Williams||Liberal|
|1918||constituency abolished: see Middlesbrough East and Middlesbrough West|
MPs since 1974
|Feb 1974||Arthur Bottomley||Labour|
|1983||Sir Stuart Bell||Labour|
|2012 by-election||Andy McDonald||Labour|
|General Election 2015: Middlesbrough|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Kilpatrick||1,220||3.7||-16.2|
Elections in the 2010s
|Middlesbrough by-election, 2012|
|Liberal Democrat||George Selmer||1,672||9.9||−10.0|
|no description||Mark Heslehurst||275||1.6||N/A|
|General Election 2010: Middlesbrough|
|Labour||Sir Stuart Bell||15,351||45.9||−11.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Foote-Wood||6,662||19.9||+1.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Middlesbrough|
|Labour||Sir Stuart Bell||18,562||57.8||−9.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Joe Michna||5,995||18.7||+8.3|
|General Election 2001: Middlesbrough|
|Liberal Democrat||Keith Miller||3,512||10.4||+1.9|
|Socialist Alliance||Geoffrey Kerr-Morgan||577||1.7||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Kai Anderson||392||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Middlesbrough|
|Liberal Democrat||Alison Charlesworth||3,934||8.53||−1.7|
|Referendum Party||Robert Edwards||1,331||2.89||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Middlesbrough|
|Conservative||Paul R. Rayner||10,559||25.7||+0.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs. Rosamund Jordan||4,201||10.2||−5.1|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Middlesbrough|
|Conservative||Robert James Orr-Ewing||10,789||25.02|
|Liberal||Philip Allan Hawley||6,594||15.29|
|General Election 1983: Middlesbrough|
|Conservative||Mrs. L.H. Campey||11,551||27.6|
|Liberal||Rev. A.D. Sanders||8,871||21.2|
|Workers Revolutionary||M.A. Simpson||207||0.5|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Middlesbrough|
|Workers Revolutionary||M Simpson||1,018||2.3|
|Independent Labour||J Wilcox||861||2.0|
|General Election October 1974: Middlesbrough|
|Liberal||Chris Foote Wood||5,080||13.8|
|General Election February 1974: Middlesbrough|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1900s
|General Election 1906: Middlesbrough
|Liberal||Joseph Havelock Wilson||9,271||52.6||+2.8|
|Conservative||Sir Samuel Alexander Sadler||6,864||39.0||-11.3|
|Independent Labour||George Lansbury||1,484||8.4||n/a|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.0|
Elections in the 1880s
|General Election 1886: Middlesbrough|
|General Election 1885: Middlesbrough|
|General Election 1880: Middlesbrough|
|Lib-Lab||E. D. Lewis||1,171||16.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1870s
|By-election 5 July 1878: Middlesbrough|
|General Election 1874: Middlesbrough|
|Conservative||W. R. J. Hopkins||996||15.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1860s
|General Election 1868: Middlesbrough|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
- Review area – Middlesbrough Boundary Commission for England
- Constituency Profile The Guardian
- Unemployment statistics The Guardian
- 2011 census interactive maps
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Middlesbough". YourNextMP. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "UK > England > North East > Middlesbrough". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.