Middlesbrough West by-election, 1945
The seat had become vacant when the constituency's Liberal Member of Parliament (MP), Harcourt Johnstone died on 1 March 1945, aged 49.
Johnstone was elected unopposed as the constituency's MP at a by-election in 1940, caused by the previous Liberal MP Frank Kingsley Griffith becoming a County Court Judge. Johnstone had previously been MP for Willesden East from 1923 to 1924 and for South Shields from 1931 to 1935.
The election took place during the Second World War. Under an agreement between the Conservative, Labour and Liberal parties; who were participating in a wartime coalition, the party holding a seat would not be opposed by the other two at a by-election. Accordingly, the Liberal Party nominated a candidate, but no Labour or Conservative representative was put forward. As no one else was nominated, there was an unopposed return and no poll took place.
The Liberal Party candidate, supporting the coalition government, was the war hero Air Vice Marshal Donald Clifford Tyndall Bennett (14 September 1910 - 15 September 1986). After winning the by-election, he only served in Parliament between May and June 1945. Bennett was defeated by a Labour candidate in the United Kingdom general election, 1945.
Bennett stood as a Liberal candidate in the Croydon North by-election, 1948 and at Norwich North in the 1950 general election. In the 1960s he was a National Party candidate at the Nuneaton by-election, 1967.
- Middlesbrough West constituency
- List of United Kingdom by-elections
- United Kingdom by-election records
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)