Middlesbrough railway station

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Middlesbrough National Rail
Middlesbrough Station 2011.jpg
Middlesbrough railway station in 2011
Location
Place Middlesbrough
Local authority Middlesbrough
Coordinates 54°34′45″N 1°14′05″W / 54.579100°N 1.234720°W / 54.579100; -1.234720Coordinates: 54°34′45″N 1°14′05″W / 54.579100°N 1.234720°W / 54.579100; -1.234720
Grid reference NZ495207
Operations
Station code MBR
Managed by TransPennine Express
Number of platforms 2
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2010/11 Increase 1.426 million
2011/12 Decrease 1.423 million
2012/13 Decrease 1.364 million
2013/14 Increase 1.370 million
2014/15 Decrease 1.351 million
History
Original company Middlesbrough and Redcar Railway
Pre-grouping North Eastern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
26 July 1847 First station opened
16 December 1874 First station closed
December 1877 First station replaced by current station[1]
3 August 1942 Station extensively damaged in air raid
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Middlesbrough from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Middlesbrough railway station serves the large town of Middlesbrough in North Yorkshire, England and is managed by TransPennine Express.

The main station layout consists of an entrance hall with ticket office, large concourse/waiting area and two covered platforms that are each subdivided into two sections i.e. platform 1 (1a and 1b) and platform 2 (2a and 2b). The station is staffed and has a range of facilities including car parking, cafe, newsagent, cycle storage, lifts etc.[2]

Two freight lines bypass to the north of the station.

According to the Office of Rail and Road statistics, Middlesbrough railway station is the fourth busiest in the North East region, with 1,351,494 total entries and exits (2014-15 period).[3]

History[edit]

Middlesbrough station, July 1977

The first railway was built in the area as long ago as 1830 as an extension of the Stockton and Darlington Railway to connect with the port of the then new town of Middlesbrough. A branch off this, passing just to the south of the town and extending eastwards to Redcar was opened in June 1846 by the Middlesbrough and Redcar Railway Company.[4][5]

Middlesbrough's first passenger station, located on the Redcar branch line, was opened on 26 July 1847. It was designed by John Middleton. However, as the town expanded rapidly during the second half of the 19th Century, the station was unable to cope with the traffic growth. Due to the design of the station not lending itself to enlargement it was therefore demolished in 1874 and replaced by the current station, opened in December 1877.[6][7]

The current station was designed by the North Eastern Railway's chief architect, William Peachey, with an ornate Gothic style frontage. Behind this an overall roof of elliptical design once existed. Constructed out of wrought iron of lattice design, with glass covering the middle half and timber (inside)/slate (outside) covering the outer quarters. The two end screens were glazed with timber cladding around the outer edges. The roof was high in relation to its width.[8]

The roof was severely damaged in a German daylight air raid in the afternoon of 3 August 1942[9] and eventually removed in 1954, to be replaced by the current design over the concourse and platforms.[10]

Services[edit]

Middlesbrough station, July 2014

The station is served by a number of routes, all of which are operated by Northern, except those to Manchester that are operated by TransPennine Express.

The Tees Valley Line from Bishop Auckland & Darlington to Saltburn, (usually a British Rail Class 142 Pacer). Monday to Saturday daytimes there is a service every 30 minutes to Darlington & Saltburn and every second hour to Bishop Auckland. There are also two a.m peak services to Newcastle via Durham.[11] Sundays see an hourly service to Darlington/Saltburn and a two-hourly service to Bishop Auckland.

The Esk Valley Line to Whitby via Nunthorpe and Grosmont, (usually a British Rail Class 156 Super Sprinter or Class 142 Pacer). The hourly service runs up to seventeen trains a day to Nunthorpe with four of the trains continuing to the terminus at Whitby. Sunday services (four each way, some running through to/from Darlington or Newcastle) operate during the spring/summer timetable period from late March until early November.[12] A new station on the Esk Valley Line to serve the James Cook University Hospital (between Middlesbrough and Marton railway stations) was opened on 18 May 2014.[13]

The Durham Coast Line to Newcastle Central via Hartlepool and Sunderland (usually a Class 142 Pacer).[11] There is a train every hour to Newcastle (some of which continue along the Tyne Valley Line). Sundays see an hourly service through to/from the MetroCentre.

The North Trans-Pennine line to Manchester Airport via York and Leeds (using a British Rail Class 185 Pennine Desiro). Monday to Saturdays there is an hourly service to Manchester Airport and every two hours on Sundays. TransPennine Express also operate one daily return service to Liverpool.[14]

On 27 November 2014, it was announced that as part of the new Virgin Trains East Coast franchise, direct rail services from Middlesbrough to London will be re-introduced.[15] In May 2016, the Office of Rail and Road (ORR) approved the application from Virgin Trains East Coast and FirstGroup to provide new train services on the East Coast Main Line, with a start date of 2021 being announced for the Middlesbrough to London service.[16]

Also, under the new Northern franchise awarded to Arriva Rail North in December 2015 (commenced 1 April 2016), service frequencies on several routes are to be improved and rolling stock upgraded.[17]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Railway Architecture of North East England : Middlesbrough Station". W. Fawcett, 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "National Rail Enquiries : Middlesbrough (MBR)". National Rail. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Infographics: Estimates of station usage 2014-15 Top 5 stations in each region". Office of Rail and Road Website. Retrieved 18 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Railway Architecture of North East England : Middlesbrough 1847 Station". W. Fawcett, 2011. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "December 1861 map of Middlesbrough North Riding: A Vision of Britain Through Time". University of Portsmouth and others. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  6. ^ Body 1988, pp. 118–9
  7. ^ "Railway Architecture of North East England : Middlesbrough Station". W. Fawcett, 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Delplanque, Paul. "Middlesbrough Railway Station...Then and now". GazetteLive. Retrieved 21 January 2011. 
  9. ^ Hitches, M - Steam Around Middlesbrough (Amberley Publishing, 2014) p. 69
  10. ^ "Railway Architecture of North East England : Middlesbrough Station". W. Fawcett, 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  11. ^ a b GB National Rail Timetable 2015-16, Table 44 (Network Rail)
  12. ^ "Esk Valley Railway : Northern Rail Timetable". Esk Valley Railway Development Company. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Middlesbrough James Cook Hospital railway station opens". BBC Tees News. Retrieved 18 May 2014. 
  14. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Table 39
  15. ^ "'Mixed feelings' as plans for Teesside - London rail link announced". Middlesbrough Gazette Live. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Direct train link from London Kings Cross is 'a shot in the arm' for Middlesbrough". Middlesbrough Gazette Live. Retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  17. ^ Northern Franchise Improvements - DfT Retrieved 16 December 2015

References[edit]

  • Body, G (1988). PSL Field Guides - Railways of the Eastern Region Volume 2. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-072-1. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
Terminus
Terminus Northern
Durham Coast Line
Northern
Esk Valley Line
Northern
Tees Valley Line
Disused railways
Terminus   Middlesbrough & Guisborough Railway   Ormesby