Middlesex County Council elections

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Middlesex County Council was the principal local government body in the administrative county of Middlesex, England from 1889 to 1965.

The county council consisted of ¾ elected councillors and ¼ co-opted county aldermen. The entire body of elected councillors was elected every three years. Aldermen and women had a six-year term of office, thus one half of their number was elected by the councillors immediately after the triennial elections.

Elections were cancelled during the First and Second World Wars.

1889 – 1919[edit]

The first elections were held in January 1889. The Times noted that, in contrast to most counties where a large of number of seats were uncontested, there were to be contests in nearly every electoral division.[1][2]

The first meeting of the "provisional" county council was held on 14 February 1889 at Westminster Town Hall. Although the council did not use political labels, among the aldermen elected were three Liberal-leaning peers (the Earls of Aberdeen, Jersey (seated at Osterley Park until ceded to the National Trust) and Strafford (seated at the family home of Wrotham Park also in the county, now Hertfordshire)) and three members of parliament: William Ambrose, Henry Bowles and Frederick Dixon-Hartland who were members of the parliamentary Conservative Party.

The provisional council appointed an Apportionment Committee which was to liaise with the London County Council over the division of properties and responsibilities between the two bodies.[3] It was decided to seek the retention of Middlesex Guildhall, Westminster, as the headquarters of the county council.[3] The justices of the peace for Middlesex met to consider county business for the last time on 28 March 1889 at the Sessions House, Clerkenwell.[4] The Sessions House duly passed to the London County Council, and Middlesex County Council came into official existence on 1 April 1889.

1919 – 1946[edit]

The triennial elections were suspended for the duration of the First World War, and when polling was held on 8 March 1919 there was a vigorous campaign centred on the issue of the Sunday opening of cinemas. The Cinematograph Exhibitors Association supported 16 candidates, including members of the Labour Party, who gained their first seats on the council.[5] The 1922 and 1925 elections were, for the most part, not run on party lines. The Times noted that it was "impossible to separate the candidates into different classes, and the contests are run much more upon local considerations than any widespread policy labelled throughout the county".[6] The size of the council was increased in that year to from 80 members (60 councillors and 20 aldermen) to 98 (74 councillors and 24 aldermen).[6] The majority of the members of the county council continued not to bear party labels. In 1928 the majority of the council were described as "Moderate", with Labour forming an opposition.[7] Labour continued to make advances at the 1931 election, and this led to the formation of a Middlesex Municipal Association "representative of all anti-Socialist members". The association was supported by the various Conservative Party organisations of the county although it was not officially affiliated to the party.[8]

The size of the council was increased at the 1934 and 1937 elections.[9][10]

Election Size of council
(Councillors + Aldermen)
Middlesex
Municipal Alliance
Labour Party Independent Other
1934 75 + 25 44 + 22 22 + 0 8 + 3 Vacant 1
1937 80 + 25 50 + 18 21 + 7 9 0

1952 – 1955[edit]

The boundaries of the electoral divisions were altered for the elections held on 3 April 1952, and the number of councillors reduced to 87 in number from 90. The Conservatives retained control with 46 seats (a loss of 9) to Labour's 41 (a gain of 10). The only incumbent Independent was defeated.[11] At the aldermanic elections, the Conservatives took 11 out of 14, to secure a majority of 28, against protests by the Labour group.[12]

Electoral division Party[11]
Acton North East Labour gain
Acton South East Labour hold
Acton West Labour gain
Brentford & Chiswick East Conservative (new seat)
Brentford & Chiswick West Labour (new seat)
Ealing Central Conservative hold
Ealing East Conservative (new seat)
Ealing North Labour (new seat)
Ealing North East Conservative (new seat)
Ealing North West Labour hold
Ealing South Conservative (new seat)
Ealing West Labour hold
Edmonton North East Labour hold
Edmonton North West Labour hold
Edmonton South East Labour hold
Edmonton South West Labour hold
Enfield Central Conservative hold
Enfield North East Labour hold
Enfield South East Labour hold
Enfield West Conservative hold
Feltham North Labour (new seat)
Feltham South Labour (new seat)
Finchley East Conservative hold
Finchley North Conservative hold
Finchley West Conservative hold
Friern Barnet Conservative hold
Harrow Central Labour hold
Harrow East Labour hold
Harrow East Central Conservative hold
Harrow North East Conservative hold
Harrow South Conservative hold
Harrow South West Conservative hold
Harrow West Central Conservative hold
Hayes & Harlington North Labour hold
Hayes & Harlington South Labour hold
Hendon Central Conservative (new seat)
Hendon East Conservative (new seat)
Hendon North Conservative hold
Hendon North West Conservative (new seat)
Hendon South Conservative (new seat)
Hendon West Labour (new seat)
Heston & Cranford Labour (new seat)
Hornsey Central Labour hold
Hornsey Highgate Conservative hold
Hornsey Muswell Hill Conservative hold
Hornsey Stroud Green Conservative hold
Hounslow Central Labour gain
Hounslow West Labour (new seat)
Isleworth Conservative (new seat)
Potters Bar Conservative hold
Ruislip-Northwood North West Conservative hold
Ruislip-Northwood South East Conservative hold
Southall North Labour (new seat)
Southall South Labour (new seat)
Southgate North Conservative hold
Southgate South Conservative hold
Staines North West Labour (new seat)
Staines South East Conservative (new seat)
Sunbury Conservative hold
Tottenham East Labour (new seat)
Tottenham North Labour (new seat)
Tottenham South East Labour (new seat)
Tottenham South West Labour (new seat)
Tottenham West Labour (new seat)
Twickenham East Conservative hold
Twickenham Hampton Conservative hold
Twickenham Teddington Conservative hold
Twickenham West Conservative hold
Uxbridge North Labour gain
Uxbridge South Labour gain
Wembley East Conservative hold
Wembley North East Labour gain
Wembley North West Conservative hold
Wembley South Labour gain
Wembley West Conservative hold
Willesden Church End Labour (new seat)
Willesden Cricklewood Conservative (new seat)
Willesden Green Labour (new seat)
Willesden Harlesden Labour (new seat)
Willesden Kensal Green Labour (new seat)
Willesden Kilburn Labour (new seat)
Willesden Mapesbury Conservative (new seat)
Wood Green East Labour gain
Wood Green West Conservative gain
Yiewsley & West Drayton Labour gain

1955 – 1958[edit]

The boundaries of the electoral divisions were altered for the elections held on 31 March 1955, with the number of councillors remaining at 87. The Conservatives increased their majority on the council, winning 52 seats, against Labour's 35. Three Conservatives were elected unopposed.[13]

Electoral division Party[13]
Acton North East Labour hold
Acton South East Labour hold
Acton West Labour hold
Brentford & Chiswick East Conservative hold
Brentford & Chiswick West Conservative gain
Ealing Central Conservative hold
Ealing East Conservative hold
Ealing North Labour hold
Ealing North East Conservative hold
Ealing North West Labour hold
Ealing South Conservative hold
Ealing West Labour hold
Edmonton North East Labour hold
Edmonton North West Conservative hold
Edmonton South East Labour hold
Edmonton South West Labour hold
Enfield North East Labour hold (new boundaries)
Enfield North West Conservative (new seat)
Enfield South East Labour hold (new boundaries)
Enfield South West Labour (new seat)
Feltham North Labour hold
Feltham South Labour hold
Finchley East Conservative hold
Finchley North Conservative hold
Finchley West Conservative hold
Friern Barnet Conservative hold
Harrow Central Labour hold
Harrow East Labour hold
Harrow East Central Conservative hold
Harrow North East Conservative hold
Harrow South Conservative hold
Harrow South West Conservative hold
Harrow West Central Conservative hold
Hayes & Harlington North Labour hold
Hayes & Harlington South Labour hold
Hendon Central Conservative hold
Hendon East Conservative hold
Hendon North Conservative hold
Hendon North West Conservative hold
Hendon South Conservative hold
Hendon West Labour hold
Heston & Cranford Conservative gain
Hornsey Central Labour hold
Hornsey Highgate Conservative hold
Hornsey Muswell Hill Conservative hold
Hornsey Stroud Green Conservative hold
Hounslow Central Conservative gain
Hounslow West Labour hold
Isleworth Conservative hold
Potters Bar Conservative hold
Ruislip-Northwood North West Conservative hold (new boundaries)
Ruislip-Northwood South East Conservative hold (new boundaries)
Southall North Labour hold
Southall South Labour hold
Southgate Middle Conservative hold (new boundaries)
Southgate North Conservative hold
Southgate South Conservative hold
Staines North West Conservative gain
Staines South East Conservative hold
Sunbury Conservative hold
Tottenham East Labour hold
Tottenham North Labour hold
Tottenham South East Labour hold
Tottenham South West Labour hold
Tottenham West Labour hold
Twickenham East Conservative hold
Twickenham Hampton Conservative hold
Twickenham Teddington Conservative hold
Twickenham West Conservative hold
Uxbridge North Conservative hold
Uxbridge South Labour hold
Wembley East Conservative hold
Wembley North East Labour gain
Wembley North West Conservative hold
Wembley South Labour hold
Wembley West Conservative hold
Willesden Church End Labour hold
Willesden Cricklewood Conservative hold
Willesden Green Labour hold
Willesden Harlesden Labour hold
Willesden Kensal Green Conservative gain
Willesden Kilburn Labour hold
Willesden Mapesbury Conservative hold
Wood Green East Labour hold
Wood Green West Conservative hold
Yiewsley & West Drayton Labour hold

1958 – 1961[edit]

In the county council elections held on 16 April 1958, Labour regained control from the Conservatives.[14]

Electoral division Party[14]
Acton North East Labour hold
Acton South East Labour hold
Acton West Labour hold
Brentford & Chiswick East Labour gain
Brentford & Chiswick West Labour hold
Ealing Central Conservative hold
Ealing East Conservative hold
Ealing North Labour hold
Ealing North East Conservative hold
Ealing North West Labour hold
Ealing South Conservative hold
Ealing West Labour hold
Edmonton North East Labour hold
Edmonton North West Conservative hold
Edmonton South East Labour hold
Edmonton South West Labour hold
Enfield North East Labour hold
Enfield North West Conservative hold
Enfield South East Labour hold
Enfield South West Conservative hold
Feltham North Labour hold
Feltham South Labour hold
Finchley East Liberal gain
Finchley North Conservative hold
Finchley West Conservative hold
Friern Barnet Conservative hold
Harrow Central Labour hold
Harrow East Labour hold
Harrow East Central Conservative hold
Harrow North East Labour gain
Harrow North West Conservative (NEW SEAT???)
Harrow South Conservative hold
Harrow South West Labour gain
Harrow West Central Conservative hold
Hayes & Harlington North Labour hold
Hayes & Harlington South Labour hold
Hendon Central Conservative hold
Hendon East Conservative hold
Hendon North Conservative hold
Hendon North West Conservative hold
Hendon South Conservative hold
Hendon West Labour hold
Heston & Cranford Labour gain
Hornsey Central Labour hold
Hornsey Highgate Conservative hold
Hornsey Muswell Hill Conservative hold
Hornsey Stroud Green Labour hold
Hounslow Central Labour gain
Hounslow West Labour hold
Isleworth Conservative hold
Potters Bar Conservative hold
Ruislip-Northwood North West Conservative hold
Ruislip-Northwood South East Labour gain
Southall North Labour hold
Southall South Labour hold
Southgate Middle Conservative hold
Southgate North Conservative hold
Southgate South Conservative hold
Staines North West Labour gain
Staines South East Conservative hold
Sunbury Conservative hold
Tottenham East Labour hold
Tottenham North Labour hold
Tottenham South East Labour hold
Tottenham South West Labour hold
Tottenham West Labour hold
Twickenham East Conservative hold
Twickenham Hampton Conservative hold
Twickenham Teddington Conservative hold
Twickenham West Labour gain
Uxbridge North Conservative hold
Uxbridge South Labour hold
Wembley East Conservative hold
Wembley North East Labour gain
Wembley North West Conservative hold
Wembley South Labour hold
Wembley West Conservative hold
Willesden Church End Labour hold
Willesden Cricklewood Conservative hold
Willesden Green Labour hold
Willesden Harlesden Labour hold
Willesden Kensal Green Labour gain
Willesden Kilburn Labour hold
Willesden Mapesbury Conservative hold
Wood Green East Labour hold
Wood Green West Conservative hold
Yiewsley & West Drayton Labour hold

1961 – 1965[edit]

Elections were held on 13 April 1961, and the Conservatives were returned to power. They were successful in having 55 councillors, elected gaining 15 seats from Labour and taking the only Liberal seat at East Finchley.[15] These were to be the final elections to the county council: under the London Government Act 1963 the elections due in 1964 were cancelled, with the elections to the shadow Greater London Council being held instead.

Electoral division Party[16]
Acton North East Labour hold
Acton South East Labour hold
Acton West Conservative gain
Brentford & Chiswick East Conservative gain
Brentford & Chiswick West Conservative gain
Ealing Central Conservative hold
Ealing East Conservative hold
Ealing North Labour hold
Ealing North East Conservative hold
Ealing North West Labour hold
Ealing South Conservative hold
Ealing West Labour hold
Edmonton North East Labour hold
Edmonton North West Conservative hold
Edmonton South East Labour hold
Edmonton South West Labour hold
Enfield North East Labour hold
Enfield North West Conservative hold
Enfield South East Labour hold
Enfield South West Conservative hold
Feltham North Labour hold
Feltham South Labour hold
Finchley East Conseravtive gain
Finchley North Conservative hold
Finchley West Conservative hold
Friern Barnet Conservative hold
Harrow Central Labour hold
Harrow East Labour hold
Harrow East Central Conservative hold
Harrow North East Conservative gain
Harrow North West Conservative hold
Harrow South Conservative hold
Harrow South West Conservative gain
Harrow West Central Conservative hold
Hayes & Harlington North Labour hold
Hayes & Harlington South Labour hold
Hendon Central Conservative hold
Hendon East Conservative hold
Hendon North Conservative hold
Hendon North West Conservative hold
Hendon South Conservative hold
Hendon West Labour hold
Heston & Cranford Conservative gain
Hornsey Central Conservative gain
Hornsey Highgate Conservative hold
Hornsey Muswell Hill Conservative hold
Hornsey Stroud Green Conservative gain
Hounslow Central Conservative gain
Hounslow West Conservative gain
Isleworth Conservative hold
Potters Bar Conservative hold
Ruislip-Northwood North West Conservative hold
Ruislip-Northwood South East Conservative gain
Southall North Labour hold
Southall South Labour hold
Southgate Middle Conservative hold
Southgate North Conservative hold
Southgate South Conservative hold
Staines North West Conservative gain
Staines South East Conservative hold
Sunbury Conservative hold
Tottenham East Labour hold
Tottenham North Labour hold
Tottenham South East Labour hold
Tottenham South West Labour hold
Tottenham West Labour hold
Twickenham East Conservative hold
Twickenham Hampton Conservative hold
Twickenham Teddington Conservative hold
Twickenham West Conservative gain
Uxbridge North Conservative hold
Uxbridge South Labour hold
Wembley East Conservative hold
Wembley North East Conservative gain
Wembley North West Conservative hold
Wembley South Labour hold
Wembley West Conservative hold
Willesden Church End Labour hold
Willesden Cricklewood Conservative hold
Willesden Green Labour hold
Willesden Harlesden Labour hold
Willesden Kensal Green Conservative gain
Willesden Kilburn Labour hold
Willesden Mapesbury Conservative hold
Wood Green East Labour hold
Wood Green West Conservative hold
Yiewsley & West Drayton Labour hold

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The County Councils". The Times. 30 January 1889. p. 9. 
  2. ^ "The County Councils". The Times. 31 January 1889. p. 11. 
  3. ^ a b "The County Councils. Middlesex". The Times. 15 February 1889. p. 10. 
  4. ^ "Middlesex Sessions, March 28.". The Times. 29 March 1889. p. 11. 
  5. ^ "Middlesex County Council. Elections Next Saturday., Cinema Trade And Sunday Opening". The Times. 3 March 1919. p. 6. 
  6. ^ a b "Redistribution in Middlesex". The Times. 2 March 1925. p. 15. 
  7. ^ "County Council Elections. Further Results". The Times. 9 March 1928. p. 11. 
  8. ^ "Party Basis of Councils". The Times. 22 March 1949. p. 2. 
  9. ^ "County Council elections. Few changes.". The Times. 4 March 1937. p. 8. 
  10. ^ "New Middlesex Aldermen". The Times. 12 March 1937. p. 13. 
  11. ^ a b "Middlesex held by Conservatives. Majority of Five.". The Times. 4 April 1952. p. 4. 
  12. ^ "Middlesex County Council. Protests At Allocation Of Aldermanic Seats". The Times. 18 April 1952. p. 4. 
  13. ^ a b "Labour Losses In London. County Council Elections .". The Times. 21 April 1955. p. iv. 
  14. ^ a b "Middlesex changes hands. Conservative defeat.". The Times. 17 April 1958. p. 5. 
  15. ^ "Conservatives Win Back Middlesex 16 Seats Gained.". The Times. 14 April 1961. p. 14. 
  16. ^ "Middlesex Election Details". The Times. 14 April 1961. p. 8.