Middleton Stoney

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Not to be confused with Stoney Middleton.
Middleton Stoney
MiddletonStoney AllSaints SouthEast.JPG
All Saints' parish church
Middleton Stoney is located in Oxfordshire
Middleton Stoney
Middleton Stoney
Middleton Stoney shown within Oxfordshire
Area 7.50 km2 (2.90 sq mi)
Population 331 (2011 Census)
• Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
OS grid reference SP5323
Civil parish
  • Middleton Stoney
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Bicester
Postcode district OX25
Dialling code 01869
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
Website Middleton Stoney Village Website
List of places
UK
England
OxfordshireCoordinates: 51°54′29″N 1°13′30″W / 51.908°N 1.225°W / 51.908; -1.225

Middleton Stoney is a village and civil parish about 2 12 miles (4 km) west of Bicester, Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 331.[1]

History[edit]

Aves ditch is pre-Saxon and may have been dug as a boundary ditch. It still forms the western boundary of the parish.

Middleton Stoney existed by the time of King Edward the Confessor, when one Turi held the manor.[2]

The earliest parts of the Church of England parish church of All Saints[3] are Norman, dating from the middle of the 12th century.[4] The bell tower has a ring of six bells, all cast in 1717 by Henry III Bagley of Chacombe.[2] Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry recast the tenor and treble bells in 1883 and the fifth bell in 1885.[5]

All Saints' is now a member of the Church of England Benefice of Akeman, which includes the parishes of Bletchingdon, Chesterton, Hampton Gay, Kirtlington, Wendlebury and Weston-on-the-Green.[6]

Middleton Stoney had a motte-and-bailey castle, which was first recorded in 1215. Its remains are east of All Saints Church.[7]

The parish's common lands were enclosed at the end of the 17th century.[8] In 1824–25 George Child Villiers, 5th Earl of Jersey demolished the original village and manor house to make way for him to expand Middleton Park eastwards.[8] The castle mound and All Saints' church remain isolated within the extended park.[8] His wife Sarah Villiers, Countess of Jersey directed the building of new cottages on the edge of the park, each with a rustic porch and a flower garden.[8] These form the nucleus of the current village.[8]

The current village is at the crossroads of two main roads. The north-south road used to be the main road between Oxford and Brackley. In the 1920s it was classified as the A43. In the 1990s the M40 motorway was completed and the stretch of the A43 through Middleton Stoney was reclassified B430. The east-west road is the main road between Bicester and Enstone. In 1797 an Act of Parliament made this road into a turnpike.[2] It was disturnpiked in the 19th century and in the 20th it was classified B4030.

Middleton Park is a neo-Georgian country house built in 1938 by Edwin Lutyens and his son Robert for the 9th Earl of Jersey.[9]

Amenities[edit]

The former parish school, now the village hall

The village has one public house, the Jersey Arms,[10] and an Italian restaurant, the Rigoletto.[11] Middleton Stoney used to have a parish school; the building is now the village hall.

References[edit]

All Saints' parish church: mid-12th century Norman south doorway

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]