Middlezoy

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Middlezoy
Stone building with prominent square tower.
Church of the Holy Cross
Middlezoy is located in Somerset
Middlezoy
Middlezoy
Middlezoy shown within Somerset
Population 725 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST375325
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRIDGWATER
Postcode district TA7
Dialling code 01823
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
51°05′17″N 2°53′38″W / 51.088°N 2.894°W / 51.088; -2.894Coordinates: 51°05′17″N 2°53′38″W / 51.088°N 2.894°W / 51.088; -2.894

Middlezoy is a village and civil parish on the River Parrett as it crosses the Somerset Levels in the Sedgemoor district of Somerset, England.

History[edit]

The name Middlezoy meaning the middle stream island, derives from Sowi, the name of Glastonbury Abbey's major estate, sow, a British river name from a root meaning flowing. The extra i is derived from the Saxon ig for island.[2]

The parish of Middlezoy was part of the Whitley Hundred.[3]

In 1800 1,100 acres of common land were enclosed as a result of the Inclosure Acts.[4]

In 2006 the village shop closed and a grant was obtained for the erection of a new modular structure to house a community shop and post office.[5]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Sedgemoor, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Bridgwater Rural District,[6] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

Just to the north of the village is the Greylake Site of Special Scientific Interest, which consists of 20 low-lying fields in the north west corner of King's Sedgemoor,[7] and includes the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Greylake nature reserve.[8] This location is the type section for the Pleistocene Burtle Beds, as it is probably the most complete Burtle Beds sequence in Somerset. It demonstrates a sequence of fluvial (or possibly glacial) gravels, marine intertidal silts and marine subtidal. Rich molluscan, ostracod and foraminifer assemblages and a mammalian fauna, including Red Deer (Cervus elephus), Aurochs (Bos primigenius) and Fallow Deer (Dama cf dama) have been recorded.[9]

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of the Holy Cross dates from the 13th century. It has a three-stage tower similar to that at Lyng and has been designated by English Heritage as a grade I listed building.[10] William of Bitton II was the rector by 20 April 1263.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press Ltd. p. 143. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Havinden, Michael (1982). The Somerset Landscape. The making of the English landscape. London: Hodder and Stoughton. p. 133. ISBN 0-340-20116-9. 
  5. ^ "Middlezoy community post office/shop". Somerset Rural Renaissance. Retrieved 14 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Brdigwater RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "RSPB Greylake". Attractions in Somerset. 
  8. ^ "Greylake". Resereves. RSPB. 
  9. ^ English Nature citation sheet for the site (accessed 7 August 2006)
  10. ^ "Church of the Holy Cross". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-02-03. 
  11. ^ British History Online Archdeacons of Wells accessed on 23 September 2007

External links[edit]

Media related to Middlezoy at Wikimedia Commons