St Matthew's parish church was built in 1869 in a tall 13th-century style.
View of upper part of Midgham Park estate.
|Area||5.01 km2 (1.93 sq mi)|
|Population||334 (2011 census)|
|• Density||67/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||The Midgham Village Website|
Midgham is a village and civil parish occupying slopes and the alluvial plain on the north side of the Kennet. It is centred 6 miles (10 km) east of Newbury, Berkshire and 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Thatcham. The north of the parish is 4.5 miles (7 km) south of the M4 motorway. Midgham Lock is on the Kennet and Avon canal which in summer months draws much of the water from the valley. It has smaller watercourses alongside. Its elevations range from 60 to 121 metres above sea level. Midgham Wood covers most of the north-west and Channel Wood covers most of the north-east eighth of the parish. The vast majority of the other green space is cultivated land, pasture or hay meadows. The lowland area of lakes, river and canal is greater than that covered by roads across the whole parish, as at the 2005 Office for National Statistics survey.
Midgham House or Midgham Park in the centre of the area is a building which is not listed but which has a double 15th-century red-brick former stable block with later additions and is at the top of a landscaped private park.
Geography and transport
For no recorded other reasons, other than confusion with Wolverhampton, the station in Woolhampton 100m east of the area's bounds (which is therefore the nearest station to all but the far western borders of Midgham), changed its name to Midgham railway station in 1873. This station is a minor stop with regular services on the London to Exeter (via Taunton) Line. The stationmaster became frustrated by frequently redirecting wrongly-addressed packages intended for a very large town with station, Wolverhampton.
Few if any Roman traces have been found in the parish but there is known to be a Roman Road with a river crossing on Midgham Marsh.
Midgham was in early medieval centuries a Township in Thatcham parish and is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as such. A watermill is recorded here valued at 14 shillings (£0.70) per year. Giles Pinkney had been granted it by William the Conqueror or William II. Pinkney divided it into three sub-manors (this parish saw subinfeudation): Erley's Manor centred on Midgham House plus two unnamed manors, occasionally later named after the families of some of their longest owners 'Chenduit' and 'Everard'. There were three sub-tenants of part, Almær, Ragner and Gilbert in 1086, who held 3 virgates, 1 virgate and 1 hide and 1½ virgates respectively. The manor continued with the Pinkney Honour, which required "service of ward of Windsor Castle" including paying £1 for each of its 15 manors across the region to the constable of the castle. Robert Pinkney forfeited his estates for rebellion against King John, but recovered them on the accession of Henry III.
Midgham's history since the Stuart period is published in national sources and by local historian John Trigg. There is evidence that the Knights Templar order held land in Midgham but few details are known.
Trade tokens have been found from the 17th century near the church so it is certain that there was trade in the area during the early modern period. When the ecclesiastical parish of Midgham was formed in 1857 the small third manor, Hall Court was converted into the vicarage.
The Poyntz family, anciently feudal barons of Curry Mallet in Somerset, later of Iron Acton in Gloucestershire, rebuilt Midgham House and lived there 1735-1840. Residents included the diplomat Stephen Poyntz, and the MP William Stephen Poyntz. Stephen was governor to Prince William, Duke of Cumberland who spent a few years of his youth here; two rooms were added for this known as the Duke's rooms. It has a 15th-century red-brick former stable block with stone dressings which is listed in the starting category, Grade II. Neither Midgham House nor its park are listed by English Heritage under the statutory protection scheme.
In a University College London work of 2012, British Slave Ownership, Midgham House is shown as home of James Johnstone, sole proprietor of the Whitehall estate[where?] in 1835. The records state that he was recompensed by the British Government as part of the abolition of slavery in Britain and her colonies with £5,295 17s 0d (equivalent to £478,595 in 2016 of petty expenditure however as a lump sum of capital far more), for 294 enslaved (claim for Jamaica St Mary 168).
Benjamin Buck Greene
Benjamin Buck Greene, who later became Governor of the Bank of England, purchased the estate in 1856. He had the village chapel, which was near the house and not near the people, pulled down in 1868 and the new church completed in the following year. He was followed on his death by Mr A. F. Clarke from 1908 until at least the 1920s. From 1947 until 1955 this country estate was owned by the Earl of Clarendon.
Midgham had its own chapel from at least 1309. The Chapel of Saint Margaret stood a little to the north-east of the present building (see above section). Midgham was part of the parish of Thatcham until 1857 when Green ('the new squire' and lord of the manor) appointed the first vicar (Rev. John Errington) for the proposed Church of England parish church dedicated to Saint Matthew. 13th-century in style, the church was built by the architect John Johnson. The tower has an embattled parapet and an octagonal stone spire. There is a peal of six bells the oldest of which is inscribed 'Ellis and Henry Knight made mee 1674.' The old chapel stood to the north-east of the present building in the grounds of Midgham House. The registers begin in 1622.
The village has a public house: The Coach and Horses.
Midgham has a village green which is run by the Parish Council and a village hall run by its own committee. A variety of trees forms a sort of arboretum at Midgham Green in the north of the area. The main hall, on the (now superseded by M4) Bath road, is used for voluntary and social gatherings; its civil parish council allows it to be hired by fundraisers, lecturers and businesses.
|Output area||Homes owned outright||Owned with a loan||Socially rented||Privately rented||Other||km² roads||km² water||km² domestic gardens||Usual residents||km²|
- William Crowe (1745–1829; poet and public orator for Oxford University)
- John Jefferys (1701–1754; clockmaker and watchmaker)
- Sir William Sidney Smith (1764–1840; Royal Navy officer)
- Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
- Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 255. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
- "A History of Berkshire" Victoria County History Volume 3, London, 1923. Page and Ditchfield (1923) Retrieved 2014-12-9.
- Ford, David Nash (2003). "History of Midgham, Berkshire". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1319494)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Benjamin Buck Greene at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- awb.org.uk Aldermaston and Woolhampton Benefice - The Church of England. Retrieved 2014-12-9
- Page, William; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1923). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 3. pp. 311–329.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). The Buildings of England: Berkshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 178.
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