Midland County, Texas

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Midland County
The Midland County Courthouse in Midland
The Midland County Courthouse in Midland
Official seal of Midland County
Map of Texas highlighting Midland County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°53′N 102°01′W / 31.89°N 102.02°W / 31.89; -102.02
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1885
Named forMidland, Texas
SeatMidland
Largest cityMidland
Area
 • Total902 sq mi (2,340 km2)
 • Land900 sq mi (2,000 km2)
 • Water1.8 sq mi (5 km2)  0.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total169,983
 • Density190/sq mi (73/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district11th
Websitewww.co.midland.tx.us
Former Midland County courthouse marked for razing
Midland County Public Library in Midland

Midland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of 2020, the population was 169,983.[1] The county seat is Midland.[2] The county is so named for being halfway (midway) between Fort Worth and El Paso on the Texas and Pacific Railway. Midland County is included in the Midland, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Midland–Odessa Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In 1968, the county lost before the Supreme Court in Avery v. Midland County which required local districts to be nearly equal. The city of Midland had most of the county's population but only elected one of the five county commissioners, which was found to violate the Fourteenth Amendment.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 900 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3] The Spraberry Trend, the third-largest oil field in the United States by remaining reserves, underlies much of the county.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,033
19001,74168.5%
19103,46499.0%
19202,449−29.3%
19308,005226.9%
194011,72146.4%
195025,785120.0%
196067,717162.6%
197065,433−3.4%
198082,63626.3%
1990106,61129.0%
2000116,0098.8%
2010136,87218.0%
2020169,98324.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850–2010[6] 2010[7] 2020[8]
Midland County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[7] Pop 2020[8] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 72,822 76,487 53.20% 45.00%
Black or African American alone (NH) 8,675 10,465 6.34% 6.16%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 552 686 0.40% 0.40%
Asian alone (NH) 1,639 3,891 1.20% 2.29%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 42 152 0.03% 0.09%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 211 621 0.15% 0.37%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,331 4,350 0.97% 2.56%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 51,600 73,331 37.70% 43.14%
Total 136,872 169,983 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 116,009 people, 42,745 households, and 30,947 families residing in the county. The population density was 129 people per square mile (50/km2). There were 48,060 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (21/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 77.32% White, 6.98% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 12.17% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. 29.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 42,745 households, out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.20% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,082, and the median income for a family was $47,269. Males had a median income of $36,924 versus $24,708 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,369. 12.90% of the population and 10.30% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 16.20% are under the age of 18 and 7.90% are 65 or older.

Oil and gas industry[edit]

Midland County ranks #1 in the state of Texas for total oil production and #2 for total gas production.[10] Oil and gas data from the Texas Railroad Commission reports 6,602 currently producing wells as of September 2020.[11]

Politics[edit]

Midland County was one of the first areas of Texas to turn Republican. The last Democratic presidential candidate to win the county was Harry Truman in 1948.[12] Even in the presidential election of 1964 in which the incumbent president, Texan Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson, won a national landslide victory, it gave 57.8% of its ballots to Republican presidential candidate and Arizona native Barry Goldwater.[13] Midland County is located in Texas's 11th congressional district, represented by Republican August Pfluger. The 11th Congressional District gave George W. Bush 78% of its votes in 2004, higher than any other congressional district in the nation.

United States presidential election results for Midland County, Texas[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 45,624 77.51% 12,329 20.95% 906 1.54%
2016 36,973 75.13% 10,025 20.37% 2,214 4.50%
2012 35,689 79.85% 8,286 18.54% 722 1.62%
2008 36,155 78.13% 9,691 20.94% 428 0.92%
2004 36,585 81.60% 8,005 17.85% 244 0.54%
2000 31,514 79.30% 7,534 18.96% 692 1.74%
1996 25,382 68.01% 9,513 25.49% 2,425 6.50%
1992 24,143 58.39% 9,160 22.15% 8,044 19.45%
1988 30,618 77.86% 8,487 21.58% 221 0.56%
1984 33,706 82.13% 7,214 17.58% 119 0.29%
1980 25,027 76.55% 6,839 20.92% 826 2.53%
1976 19,178 70.52% 7,725 28.41% 292 1.07%
1972 18,905 79.60% 4,388 18.48% 457 1.92%
1968 12,789 55.07% 4,756 20.48% 5,677 24.45%
1964 11,906 57.78% 8,646 41.96% 53 0.26%
1960 11,343 64.28% 5,842 33.11% 460 2.61%
1956 8,287 69.99% 3,468 29.29% 86 0.73%
1952 7,956 71.04% 3,244 28.96% 0 0.00%
1948 1,410 36.93% 2,032 53.22% 376 9.85%
1944 302 10.31% 1,688 57.63% 939 32.06%
1940 646 25.14% 1,921 74.75% 3 0.12%
1936 190 13.31% 1,229 86.06% 9 0.63%
1932 136 9.70% 1,245 88.80% 21 1.50%
1928 347 49.57% 350 50.00% 3 0.43%
1924 44 9.84% 399 89.26% 4 0.89%
1920 68 19.94% 271 79.47% 2 0.59%
1916 24 6.47% 339 91.37% 8 2.16%
1912 10 4.08% 215 87.76% 20 8.16%

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Chub
  • Cotton Flat
  • Greenwood
  • Spraberry
  • Terminal
  • Valley View
  • Warfield

Ghost towns[edit]

Education[edit]

School districts:[15]

Most areas in the county are within the service area of Midland College; however the Greenwood area is not within the Midland College service area.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Midland County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  4. ^ Top 100 Oil and Gas Fields Archived 2009-05-15 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Decennial Census by Decade". US Census Bureau.
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  7. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Midland County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Midland County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. ^ "Texas Monthly Oil & Gas Production by County Ranking". Texas RRC. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  11. ^ "Well Distribution by County - Well Counts". Texas RRC. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  12. ^ Geographie Electorale
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1964&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0[bare URL]
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  15. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Midland County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved April 25, 2022.
  16. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.188. MIDLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°53′N 102°01′W / 31.89°N 102.02°W / 31.89; -102.02