Midnight Marauders

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Midnight Marauders
ATCQMidnightMarauders.jpg
Studio album by A Tribe Called Quest
Released November 9, 1993 (1993-11-09)
Recorded November 1992–September 1993
Genre
Length 51:12
Label Jive
Producer A Tribe Called Quest, Skeff Anselm, Large Professor
A Tribe Called Quest chronology
The Low End Theory
(1991)
Midnight Marauders
(1993)
Beats, Rhymes and Life
(1996)
Singles from Midnight Marauders
  1. "Award Tour"
    Released: November 1993
  2. "Electric Relaxation"
    Released: December 19, 1993
  3. "Oh My God"
    Released: May 30, 1994
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 5/5 stars[1]
Chicago Sun-Times 4/4 stars[2]
Christgau's Consumer Guide A−[3]
Entertainment Weekly A[4]
NME 7/10[5]
Q 4/5 stars[6]
Rolling Stone 2/5 stars[7]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 4.5/5 stars[8]
The Source 4/5[9]
Spin 4.5/5 stars[10]

Midnight Marauders is the third album by hip hop group A Tribe Called Quest, released November 9, 1993 on Jive Records. It was released two years after A Tribe Called Quest's second album, The Low End Theory, and reached #1 on the R&B/HipHop Charts and #8 on the Billboard 200 in 1993.[11]

"Award Tour" was the first single released from the album and it is their highest charting single to date. It peaked at #47 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, and #1 on the U.S. Hot Rap Singles Chart. The single features Trugoy from De La Soul on the chorus. Subsequent singles released from the album were "Electric Relaxation" and "Oh My God" which featured a sample of former Leaders of the New School emcee Busta Rhymes on the chorus. The same sample of Busta Rhymes was also used on the last track of the album "God Lives Through".

Background[edit]

With this album, A Tribe Called Quest "shifted their attention to more urban concerns".[12] Rather than simply discussing violence, the group's songs tell stories about everyday events such as a trip to a bodega or getting a milkshake.[13]

Midnight Marauders is one of three A Tribe Called Quest albums on The Source's 100 Best Rap Albums.[14] On January 12, 1994 it was certified and it reached platinum status one day less than a year later on January 11, 1995.[15] It is also one of three A Tribe Called Quest albums to be certified platinum by the RIAA.[16]

Track listing[edit]

No. Title Producer(s) Length
1. "Midnight Marauders Tour Guide" A Tribe Called Quest 0:45
2. "Steve Biko (Stir It Up)" A Tribe Called Quest 3:11
3. "Award Tour" (featuring Trugoy the Dove) A Tribe Called Quest 3:46
4. "8 Million Stories" Skeff Anselm 4:30
5. "Sucka Nigga" A Tribe Called Quest 4:05
6. "Midnight" (featuring Raphael Wiggins) A Tribe Called Quest 3:49
7. "We Can Get Down" A Tribe Called Quest 4:19
8. "Electric Relaxation" A Tribe Called Quest 4:04
9. "Clap Your Hands" A Tribe Called Quest 3:16
10. "Oh My God" (featuring Busta Rhymes) A Tribe Called Quest 3:29
11. "Keep It Rollin'" (featuring Large Professor) Large Professor 3:05
12. "The Chase, Part II" A Tribe Called Quest 4:02
13. "Lyrics to Go" A Tribe Called Quest 4:09
14. "God Lives Through" A Tribe Called Quest 4:15

Additional credits[edit]

# Title Notes
1 "Midnight Marauders Tour Guide"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "Aquarius" by Cal Tjader

2 "Steve Biko (Stir It Up)"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "Blackstone Legacy" by Woody Shaw
Sample: "Ekim" by Michał Urbaniak

3 "Award Tour"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "We Gettin' Down" by Weldon Irvine
Sample: "You Can Fly" by Sons of Champlin
Sample: "Lowdown" by Charles Earland
Sample: "Olinga" by Milt Jackson

4 "8 Million Stories"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor, S. Anselm
Sample: "Bettina" by Bola Sete
Sample: "Over the Rainbow" by Ohio Players

5 "Sucka Nigga"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor, F. Hubbard
Sample: "Red Clay" by Jack Wilkins
Sample: "Kissing My Love" by Cold Blood
Sample: "M.C. Battle" by Busy Bee Starski and Rodney Cee

6 "Midnight"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "North Beach" by George Duke
Sample: "Psychedelic Shack" by Albino Gorilla

7 "We Can Get Down"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "The Big Beat" by Billy Squier
Sample: "Martin's Funeral" by Bill Cosby
Sample: "My Melody" by Eric B. & Rakim

8 "Electric Relaxation"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "Outside Love" by Brethren
Sample: "Dreams" by Ramsey Lewis
Sample: "Mystic Brew" by Ronnie Foster

9 "Clap Your Hands"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor, B. James, L. Nocentelli, G. Porter, C. Neville, J. Modeliste
Sample: "Nautilus" by Bob James
Sample: "Ode to Billie Joe" by Lou Donaldson
Sample: "Handclapping Song" by The Meters
Sample: "New World" by Woody Shaw

10 "Oh My God"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "Who's Gonna Take Weight" by Kool & the Gang
Sample: "Why Can't People Be Colors Too?" by The Whatnauts
Sample: "Absolutions" by Lee Morgan
Sample: "Damn Right I'm Somebody" by Fred Wesley & the J.B.'s

11 "Keep It Rollin'"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor, W. Mitchell
Sample: "Feel Like Making Love" by Roy Ayers

12 "The Chase, Part II"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor, S. Arrington, V. Godsey, B. Hankerson
Sample: "Nobody Beats the Biz" by Biz Markie
Sample: "Beddie-Biey" by Steve Arrington

13 "Lyrics to Go"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "Just Enough Room for Storage" by James Brown
Sample: "Inside My Love" by Minnie Riperton
Sample: "The Mixed Up Cup" by Clyde McPhatter

14 "God Lives Through"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "And That's Saying a Lot" by Christine McVie
Sample: "On Love" by David T. Walker
Sample: "Gimme Some More" by The J.B.'s
Sample: "Dig on It" by Jimmy McGriff

* "Hot Sex"

Songwriters: J. Davis, A. Muhammad, M. Taylor
Sample: "Who's Making Love" by Lou Donaldson

Cover art[edit]

The back vinyl cover of Midnight Marauders

According to ego trip's Book of Rap Lists, there are a reported 71 different hip hop luminaries and radio DJ's who adorned Midnight Marauders. The cover was issued in three different color schemes- red, black, and green (with black being the rarest). The book goes into detail as to which artists were on which particular album cover using a number scheme to easily identify each artist.[17] The complete list of artists is as follows:

Accolades[edit]

The information is taken from Acclaimedmusic.net[18] and other website links below.

Publication Country Accolade Year Rank
Ego Trip United States Hip Hop's 25 Greatest Albums by Year 1980–98 1999 #2
Exclaim! Canada 100 Records that Rocked 100 Issues 2000 *
Pitchfork Media United States Top 100 Albums of the 1990s [redux] 2003 #75
The Source USA The Source 100 Best Hip-Hop Albums of All Time 1998 *
The Guardian United Kingdom 100 Albums that Don't Appear in All Other Top 100 Album Lists 1999 #98
New Nation United Kingdom Top 100 Albums by Black Artists #11
OOR Moordlijst Netherlands 10 The 100 Best Albums of 1991–1995 1995 #31
Spex Germany 1001 The 100 Albums of the Century 1999 #19

( * ) designates lists which are unordered.

Charts[edit]

Chart (1993) Peak
position
UK Albums (OCC)[19] 70
US Billboard 200[20] 8
US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums (Billboard)[21] 1

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
United States (RIAA)[22] Platinum 1,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jenkins, Sacha; Wilson, Elliott (December 3, 1999). Jenkins, Sacha, ed. Ego Trip's Book of Rap Lists. Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-24298-0. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bush, John. "Midnight Marauders – A Tribe Called Quest". AllMusic. Retrieved August 22, 2012. 
  2. ^ Abdul-Adil, Jaleel (November 28, 1993). "A Tribe Called Quest, 'Midnight Marauders' (Jive)". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 6, 2017. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ Christgau, Robert (2000). "A Tribe Called Quest: Midnight Marauders". Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 0-312-24560-2. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  4. ^ Bernard, James (November 12, 1993). "Midnight Marauders". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2013. 
  5. ^ "A Tribe Called Quest: Midnight Marauders". NME: 32. November 27, 1993. 
  6. ^ "A Tribe Called Quest: Midnight Marauders". Q (87): 125. December 1993. 
  7. ^ Kenny, Glenn (November 25, 1993). "Midnight Marauders". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 22, 2012. 
  8. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. (2004). "A Tribe Called Quest". The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. p. 822. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. 
  9. ^ "A Tribe Called Quest: Midnight Marauders". The Source (51): 88. December 1993. 
  10. ^ Golianopoulos, Thomas (August 2008). "Discography: Q-Tip". Spin. 24 (8): 92. Retrieved November 14, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Midnight Marauders - A Tribe Called Quest". Billboard.com. 1993-11-27. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  12. ^ "EBSCOhost - world's foremost premium research database service". Search.ebscohost.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  13. ^ "EBSCOhost - world's foremost premium research database service". Search.ebscohost.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  14. ^ "The Source: Albums Rated 5 Mics (Out of 5)". Rocklist.net. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  15. ^ "Recording Industry Association of America". RIAA. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  16. ^ [1] Archived November 16, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Jenkins (1999), p. 178–179.
  18. ^ "Midnight Marauders at AcclaimedMusic.net". Retrieved June 23, 2007. 
  19. ^ "A Tribe Called Quest | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  20. ^ "A Tribe Called Quest – Chart history" Billboard 200 for A Tribe Called Quest. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  21. ^ "A Tribe Called Quest – Chart history" Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums for A Tribe Called Quest. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  22. ^ "American album certifications – A Tribe Called Quest – Midnight Marauders". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH