|Song by The Rolling Stones|
|from the album Let It Bleed|
|Released||5 December 1969|
|Studio||Olympic Sound & Trident, London|
"Midnight Rambler" is a song by the English rock band the Rolling Stones, released on their 1969 album Let It Bleed. The song is a loose biography of Albert DeSalvo, who confessed to being the Boston Strangler.
Keith Richards has called the number "a blues opera" and the quintessential Jagger-Richards song, stating in the 2012 documentary Crossfire Hurricane that "nobody else could have written that song."
Composition and recordings
That's a song Keith and I really wrote together. We were on a holiday in Italy. In this very beautiful hill town, Positano, for a few nights. Why we should write such a dark song in this beautiful, sunny place, I really don't know. We wrote everything there – the tempo changes, everything. And I'm playing the harmonica in these little cafes, and there's Keith with the guitar.
When asked about the song in a 1971 interview with Rolling Stone, Richards said:
Usually when you write, you just kick Mick off on something and let him fly on it, just let it roll out and listen to it and start to pick up on certain words that are coming through, and it's built up on that. A lot of people still complain they can't hear the voice properly. If the words come through it's fine, if they don't, that's all right too, because anyway that can mean a thousand different things to anybody.
The song's lyrics include the verse:
Did you hear about the midnight rambler
Well, honey, it's no rock 'n' roll show
Well, I'm a-talkin' about the midnight gambler
Yeah, the one you never seen before
The studio version of the track (which runs six minutes and fifty-three seconds) was recorded during the spring of 1969 at London's Olympic Sound Studios and Trident Studios. Jagger performs vocals and harmonica, while Richards plays all the guitars on the track, using standard tuning for the main guitars and open E tuning for the slide. Bill Wyman plays bass and Charlie Watts drums, while multi-instrumentalist Brian Jones is credited with playing the congas. The song bears similarity to "The Boudoir Stomp" and "Edward's Thrump Up", recorded in April 1969 by the band minus Keith Richards and Brian Jones, featuring Ry Cooder on guitar and Nicky Hopkins on piano. The sessions were released on the 1972 LP, Jamming With Edward.
Jones' percussion is inaudible throughout the track and even though he may have participated during the recording sessions, it is possible that his contribution was not used in the final mix. James Hector, who wrote the 1995 Omnibus Press published book The Complete Guide to the Music of The Rolling Stones has speculated that the credit may have been a mere gift to Jones from his former band mates.
The Rolling Stones debuted "Midnight Rambler" on stage on 5 July 1969 and performed it regularly in concert through 1976; performances frequently included Jagger crawling around and lashing the stage with his belt. One notable 1969 performance (running just over nine minutes) was captured for the 1970 album, Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out! and was re-released on the 1971 compilation album Hot Rocks 1964-1971. This rendition features Mick Taylor on lead guitar, in addition to Jagger, Richards, Wyman and Watts. Versions from 1975 following the departure of Taylor from the band feature Ronnie Wood instead of Taylor. Some of the 1975 versions are the longest live renditions ever, some of them clocking in at almost 15 minutes.
"Midnight Rambler" returned to the Rolling Stones' repertoire in 1989 and has remained a powerful concert favourite ever since. The January 2003 rendition featured in the Stones' concert collection Four Flicks runs about twelve minutes, while a briefer July 1995 performance appears on Totally Stripped (2016). The Stones with special guest former band member Mick Taylor played the song at all the concerts of the 50 & Counting... tour, including 12-minute versions of "Midnight Rambler" during their 25 November 2012 concert at London's O2 Arena, at the 2013 Glastonbury Festival, and during their July 2013 Hyde Park concerts, as seen in Sweet Summer Sun: Hyde Park Live.
- Mick Jagger – lead vocals, harmonica
- Keith Richards – guitar
- Brian Jones – congas
- Bill Wyman – bass
- Charlie Watts – drums
In his book The Better Angels of Our Nature, Steven Pinker discusses the song as an illustration of his thesis that the 1960s counterculture "pushed against" the Civilizing Process (identified by Norbert Elias), which, Pinker argues, had been reducing violence over many centuries, and that the counterculture's "glorification of dissoluteness shaded into indulgence of violence.... Personal violence was sometimes celebrated in song, as if it were just another form of antiestablishment protest." He says the song "acted out a rape-murder by the Boston Strangler..." and he sees this as an example of how in the 1960s counterculture "the control of women's sexuality was seen as a perquisite" of men.
- Eric v.d. Luft, Die at the Right Time!: A Subjective Cultural History of the American Sixties, Gegensatz Press, 2009, p. 410
- Caputi, Jane. The Age Of Sex Crime. Bowling Green University Popular Press. (1987). p. 49.
- The Database "Midnight Rambler". Time Is On Our Side. 2007 (accessed 30 January 2008).
- "Jagger Remembers". Rolling Stone. Dec 14, 1995 (accessed 12 June 2007).
- Greenfield, Robert. "Keith Richards – Interview". Rolling Stone (magazine) 19 August 1971.
- The Database "Midnight Rambler". Time Is On Our Side. 2007 (accessed 12 June 2007).
- Egan, Sean (2006). The Rough Guide to The Rolling Stones. London, UK: Rough Guides. p. 230.
- You Tube. “Rolling Stones featuring Mick Taylor – Midnight Rambler (2012 London O2 Arena) MULTICAM". 2012 (accessed 28 November 2012).
- Steven Pinker, The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined (Viking Books, 2011), Chapter 3, ISBN 978-0-670-02295-3