Midori instructing a student during rehearsal in 2013
|Birth name||Midori Goto|
|Also known as||Midori (formerly styled as Mi Dori)|
|Born||October 25, 1971|
Midori Goto (五嶋 みどり Gotō Midori, born October 25, 1971) who performs under the mononym Midori, is a Japanese-born American violinist. She made her debut with the New York Philharmonic at age 11 as a surprise guest soloist at the New Year's Eve Gala in 1982. In 1986 her performance at the Tanglewood Music Festival with Leonard Bernstein conducting his own composition made the front-page headlines in The New York Times. Midori became a celebrated child prodigy, and one of the world's preeminent violinists as an adult.
Midori has been honored as an educator and for her community engagement endeavors. When she was 21, she established her foundation Midori and Friends to bring music education to young people in underserved communities in New York City and Japan, which has evolved into four distinct organizations with worldwide impact. In 2007, Midori was appointed as a UN Messenger of Peace. In 2018 she will be joining the violin faculty at the Curtis Institute after 14 years at USC Thornton School of Music, where she is a distinguished professor, chair of the Strings Department and holder of the Jascha Heifetz Chair. She was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2012.
Midori was born Midori Goto in Osaka, Japan on October 25, 1971. She dropped her father's surname from her stage name after her parent's divorce in 1983, initially performing under the name Mi Dori, then deciding on the single word Midori. Her father was a successful engineer and her mother, Setsu Gotō, was a professional violinist. Setsu regularly took young Midori to her orchestra rehearsals where the toddler slept in the front row of the auditorium while her mother rehearsed. One day Setsu heard a two-year-old Midori humming a Bach concerto that had been rehearsed two days earlier. Subsequently, Midori often tried to touch her mother's violin, even climbing onto the bench of the family piano to try to reach the violin on top of the piano. On Midori's third birthday, Setsu gave her a 1/16 size violin and began giving her lessons.
Midori gave her first public performance at the age of six, playing one of the 24 Caprices of Paganini in her native Osaka. In 1982 she and her mother moved to New York City, where Midori started violin studies with Dorothy DeLay at Pre-College Division of Juilliard School and the Aspen Music Festival and School. As her audition piece, Midori performed Bach's thirteen-minute-long Chaconne, generally considered one of the most difficult solo violin pieces. In the same year, she made her concert debut with the New York Philharmonic under Zubin Mehta, a conductor with whom she would later record on the Sony Classical label. In 1986 came her legendary performance of Leonard Bernstein's Serenade at Tanglewood, conducted by Bernstein. During the performance, she broke the E string on her violin, then again on the concertmaster's Stradivarius after she borrowed it. She finished the performance with the associate concertmaster's Guadagnini and received a standing ovation. The next day The New York Times front page carried the headline, "Girl, 14, Conquers Tanglewood with 3 Violins".
When Midori was 15, she left Juilliard Pre-College in 1987 after four years and became a full-time professional violinist. In October 1989, she celebrated her 18th birthday with her Carnegie Hall orchestral debut, playing Bartok's Violin Concerto No. 2. She made her Carnegie Hall recital debut in 1990 four days before her 19th birthday. Both performances were critically acclaimed. In 1990, she also graduated from the Professional Children's School which she attended for academic subjects.
In 1992, she formed Midori and Friends, a non-profit organization that aims to bring music education to children in New York City and in Japan after learning of severe cutbacks to music education in U.S. schools. Her organization Music Sharing began as the Tokyo branch-office of Midori and Friends and was certified as an independent organization in 2002. Music Sharing focuses on education about Western classical music and traditional Japanese music for young people, including instrument instruction for the disabled. Its International Community Engagement Program is a training program for internationally chosen aspiring musicians that promotes cultural exchange and community engagement.
In 2000, Midori graduated magna cum laude from the Gallatin School at New York University with a bachelor's degree in Psychology and Gender Studies, completing the degree in five years while also continuing to perform in concerts. She later earned a master's degree in psychology from NYU in 2005. Her master's thesis was about pain research. In 2001, Midori had returned to the stage and took a teaching position at the Manhattan School of Music. In 2001, with the money Midori received from winning the prestigious Avery Fisher Prize, she established the Partners in Performance program focusing on classical music organizations in smaller communities. In 2004, Midori launched the Orchestra Residencies program in the U.S. for youth orchestras, which was expanded to include collaborations with orchestras outside the U.S. in 2010.
In 2004, Midori was named a professor at University of Southern California's Thornton School of Music where she is holder of the Jascha Heifetz Chair. Her memoir Einfach Midori ("Simply Midori") was also published in Germany in 2004. She became a full-time resident of Los Angeles in 2006 after a period of bicoastal commuting and was promoted to the chair of the Strings Department in 2007. In 2012 she was named distinguished professor at USC, elected to the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and was awarded an honorary doctorate in music by Yale University. Midori was Humanitas Visiting Professor in Classical Music and Music Education at Oxford University 2013–2014. Midori will join the violin faculty of Philadelphia's Curtis Institute in the 2018–2019 academic year while remaining on the University of Southern California Thornton School of Music's violin faculty as a Judge Widney Professor of Music. 
In addition to being named Artist of the Year by the Japanese government (1988) and the recipient of the 25th Suntory Music Award (1993), Midori has won the Avery Fisher Prize (2001), Musical America’s Instrumentalist of the Year award (2002), the Deutscher Schallplattenpreis (2002, 2003), the Kennedy Center Gold Medal in the Arts (2010), the Mellon Mentoring Award (2012). In 2007 Midori was named a United Nations Messenger of Peace. In 2012, she received the prestigious Crystal Award by the World Economic Forum in Davos for "20-year devotion to community engagement work worldwide".
In September 1994, Midori suddenly cancelled her concerts and withdrew from public view. She was hospitalised and given an official diagnosis of anorexia for the first time. In her twenties, Midori struggled with anorexia and depression, resulting in a number of hospital stays. She later wrote about these personal difficulties in her 2004 memoir Simply Midori, which has been published in German but not English. (It was updated and reissued in German-speaking countries in 2011.) After recovering, she continued to perform and also studied psychology and gender studies at New York University. For a while, she considered psychology as an alternative career, with a focus on working with children.
- Bach/Vivaldi: Double Violin Concertos (Philips Records, 1986) – with Pinchas Zukerman (violin, conductor), St. Paul Chamber Orchestra. Bach's Concerto for Two Violins in D minor and Violin Concerto No. 2 in E major; Vivaldi's 12 Concertos, Op.3 - "L'estro armonico" / Concerto No. 8 In A Minor For 2 Violins
- Paganini: 24 Caprices for Solo Violin, Op.1 (CBS Masterworks Records, 1989)
- Dvořák: Violin Concerto, Romance and Carnival Overture (Sony Classical, 1989) – with New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta (conductor). Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A minor, Op. 53; Romance in F minor for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 11; and Carnival Overture, Op 92.
- Bartok - Violin Concertos No.1 & No.2 (Sony Classical, 1991) – with Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta (conductor)
- Midori: Live At Carnegie Hall (Sony Classical, 1991) – with Robert McDonald (piano)
- Encore! (Sony Classical, 1992) – with Robert McDonald (piano)
- Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Bruch: Scottish Fantasy (Sony Classical, 1994) – with Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta (conductor). Sibelius's Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D minor, Op. 47, and Bruch's Scottish Fantasy, Op. 46
- Tchaikovsky & Shostakovich: Violin Concertos (Sony Classical, 1994) – with Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Claudio Abbado (conductor); Tchaikovsky's Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D Major and Shostakovich's Concerto for Violin and Orchestra No.1 in A minor
- Franck: Elgar: Violin Sonata in E minor, Op. 82, Violin Sonata in A Major (Sony Classical, 1997) – with Robert McDonald (piano)
- Mozart: Sinfonia Concertante in E-Flat Major & Concerto in D Major (Sony Classical, 2001) – with Nobuko Imai (viola), Christoph Eschenbach (conductor and piano), NDR Symphony Orchestra
- Debussy, Poulenc & Saint-Saëns: Violin Sonatas (Sony Classical, 2002) – with Robert McDonald (piano). Poulenc's Sonata for Violin and Piano, Debussy's Sonata in G Minor for Violin and Piano, and Saint-Saëns's Sonata No.1 in D minor for Violin and Piano, Op. 75
- Midori – 20th Anniversary Album (Sony Classical, 2002) – with Leonard Slatkin (conductor), Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Robert McDonald (piano)
- Mendelssohn & Bruch Violin Concertos (Sony Classical, 2002) – with Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Mariss Jansons (conductor). Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in E minor, Op. 64 and Bruch's Concerto No.1 for Violin and Orchestra in G Minor, Op. 26
- Bach Sonata No. 2 in A minor, Bartók: Sonata No. 1 (Sony Classical, 2008) – with Robert McDonald (piano)
- The Essential Midori (Sony Classical, 2008)
- Violin Sonatas of Bloch, Janáček and Shostakovich (Sony Classical, 2013) – with Ozgür Aydin (piano)
- Hindemith: Violin Concerto; Symphonic Metamorphosis; Konzertmusik (Ondine, 2013) – with NDR Symphony Orchestra, Christoph Eschenbach (conductor)
- Bach: Sonatas & Partitas for Solo Violin (Onyx Classics, 2015)
- McPherson, Angus (June 24, 2016). "Midori Gotō: We don't always need words in order to make friends". Limelight. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- "Midori Gotō". Morningside Music Bridge. Guest Faculty. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- Schwarz, K. Robert (March 24, 1991). "Glissando". The New York Times. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Rockwell, John (July 28, 1986). "Girl, 14, Conquers Tanglewood with 3 Violins". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- Brookes, Stephen (March 23, 2012). "Violinist Midori coming to Alexandria to perform — and to teach young musicians". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- Earls, Irene (2002). "Midori". Young Musicians in World History. Greenwood Publishing. pp. 93–98. Retrieved September 24, 2017 – via Google Books.
- Perlmutter, Donna (April 8, 1990). "Midori: From Prodigy to Artist : Unlike many Wunderkinder, the Japanese violinist has made the transition from lollipops to limousines". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- "MIDORI". Hollywood Bowl. Los Angeles Philharmonic Association. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
- "Midori to join Curtis Institute of Music violin faculty in 2018". The Strad. June 26, 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- Dobrin, Peter (June 27, 2017). "Renowned violinist Midori to join Curtis Institute faculty". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- Lesinski, Jeanne M. (2004). "Midori". Contemporary Musicians. Gale. Retrieved September 24, 2017 – via Encyclopedia.com.
- "Midori Goto". Gallatin School. Undergraduate Alumni. NYU. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
- Slominsky, Nicolas; Kuhn, Laura; McIntire, Dennis (2001). "Midori (real name, Goto Mi Dori)". Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. The Gale Group. Retrieved November 15, 2011 – via Encyclopedia.com.
- Kozzin, Allan (October 23, 1990). "Review/Music; Near 19 Now, A Maturing Midori Plays Recital Debut". The New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- "Midori". The Kennedy Center. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- "Midori to receive community award in Switzerland". USC News. University of Southern California. January 4, 2012.
- "About Music Sharing". www.musicsharing.jp. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- "International Community Engagement Program (ICEP)". www.musicsharing.jp. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- Ng, David (January 11, 2013). "Midori is sweet on Los Angeles". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- "Yale awards honorary degree to Midori". Yale School of Music. May 21, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- "MIDORI". The Oxford Research Centre in the Humanities. Oxford University. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- Shull, Chris (October 11, 2009). "Violin playing a family affair". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved September 25, 2017.