Midrakh Oz

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Midrakh Oz

מדרך עוז, מִדְרַךְ עֹז
Moshav office
Moshav office
Midrakh Oz is located in Jezreel Valley region of Israel
Midrakh Oz
Midrakh Oz
Coordinates: 32°35′43.08″N 35°9′29.87″E / 32.5953000°N 35.1582972°E / 32.5953000; 35.1582972Coordinates: 32°35′43.08″N 35°9′29.87″E / 32.5953000°N 35.1582972°E / 32.5953000; 35.1582972
DistrictNorthern
CouncilMegiddo
AffiliationMoshavim Movement
Founded1952
Founded byYemenite Jews
Population
 (2018)[1]
775

Midrakh Oz (Hebrew: מִדְרַךְ עֹז, lit. Foothold of Strength) is an agricultural moshav in northern Israel. Located in the Jezreel Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Megiddo Regional Council.[2] In 2018 it had a population of 775,[1] both religious and secular Jews.[2]

Etymology[edit]

"Midrakh Oz" inspired by a passage in the Song of Deborah (Book of Judges 5:21).[3]

The brook Kishon swept them away, that ancient brook, the brook Kishon. O my soul, tread them down with strength.

Geography[edit]

Midrakh Oz in historical context

The moshav is located in a valley called "Mansi Valley",[4] part of the larger Jezreel Valley, near Manasseh Park and is surrounded by green hills of the Plain of Manasseh.[2][5] It is at an attitude of 128 meters above sea level, 7 km south-east of Yokneam Illit.[3] The moshav lies on Highway 66, which is connected to Highway 65 through nearby Megiddo Junction, connecting the moshav to Haifa and Afula.

History[edit]

In 1951, a Ma'abara was built named "Ma'abarat Mansi" and was populated by Jewish refugees from Yemen. The origins of the families who arrived can be traced in twelve villages and towns in Yemen's central and southwestern regions, with the large majority from five villages south of Yemen's capital Sana'a.[6] Midrakh Oz was built on the lands of depopulated Palestinian villages of Al-Mansi[7] and Al-Ghubayya al-Tahta.[8]

A year later the Ma'abara was dismantled and on 12 December 1952 Moshav was established, first named "Mansi" and later renamed to "Midrakh Oz".[5][9]

Between 2000 and 2008 Israel had its milk reform and 13,000,000 NIS were invested in the moshav (around 5,000 NIS per cow), about half was provided by the locals.[10]

An expansion of the moshav was built on one of the nearby hills called Khirbat el Khishash,[11] at the foot of the Menashe Heights overlooking the Jezreel Valley and the first stage was completed in 2008 with 83 residential units.[5][10]

Economy[edit]

All of Midrakh Oz's food productions are members of a local agricultural association called "Oz Dganim". All members pay member's fee and take full responsibility for running the foods center.[10]

Midrakh Oz's dairy farming is considered one of the prominent in Israel, with an annual production of 13.5 million litres of milk. Until the 90s there were 48 milk producers in 46 dairies and after Israel's milk reform, 31 milk producers were left in 26 dairies. Prior to the reform, the dairy farming caused pollution inside the moshav and each cow received on average only 5 m2. The reform improved the environmental condition and each cow received 18 m2 on average. Today most of the work is done by foreign workers.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "Midrakh Oz" (in Hebrew). The Galilee Development Authority. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b "מידרך עוז [Midrakh Oz]". Mapa. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  4. ^ Repelling the Arab Liberation Army from Mishmar HaEmek, Dr. Elhanan Oren
  5. ^ a b c "Midrakh Oz in Megiddo Regional Council website" (in Hebrew). Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  6. ^ Brin Ingber, Judith (2011). pp. 202.
  7. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 177
  8. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 161
  9. ^ "Midrakh Oz - Labour Moshav" (in Hebrew). Israeli Labour Movement. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  10. ^ a b c d Malul, Yossi. "Midrakh Oz - Minors who turned into majors" (PDF). Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  11. ^ Getzov, Nimrod; Tepper, Yotam; Ktalav, Inbar. "Midrakh 'Oz, Khirbat el-Khishash". Israel Antiquities Authority. Retrieved 28 July 2016.

Bibliography[edit]