Midway, Georgia

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Midway, Georgia
City
Motto: "A growing city with a hometown feel"
Location in Liberty County and the state of Georgia
Location in Liberty County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 31°48′00″N 81°24′44″W / 31.80000°N 81.41222°W / 31.80000; -81.41222
Country United States
State Georgia
County Liberty
Settled 1752
Incorporated 1925
Government
Area
 • Total 5.6 sq mi (14.5 km2)
 • Land 5.6 sq mi (14.4 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,121
 • Density 196.4/sq mi (75.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 31320
Area code(s) 912
FIPS code 13-51352[1]
GNIS feature ID 0356389[2]

Midway is a city in Liberty County, Georgia, United States. It is a part of the Hinesville-Fort Stewart metropolitan statistical area. Midway is situated near Savannah, Brunswick, St. Simons Island, and Jekyll Island. The population was 2,121 as of the 2010 census.

Midway has several museums, including the Midway Museum and Cemetery and the Dorchester Academy Museum. Midway is surrounded by wetlands. There are also two islands, Colonel's Island and Dolphin Island.

History[edit]

Declaration of Independence Signers from Midway, Georgia
Midway Church and cemetery

Midway's history dates back to the 18th century. Puritans migrated to St. John's Parish, Georgia, from Dorchester, South Carolina, in 1752 and established several settlements including what became the Midway community. The Council of Georgia granted them 31,950 acres (129.3 km2), as colonial officials wanted a large number of settlers in the area to help protect them from the Creek Indians. The original Midway settlers were primarily rice planters and developed a strong agricultural economy, aided by the 1,500 slaves they brought from South Carolina.[3]

The settlers took an early stand for independence from Great Britain. In May 1775, Lyman Hall (a Midway Church member) was sent to the Continental Congress as a delegate from the parish of St. John. A year later Hall and St. John's Parish resident Button Gwinnett (along with George Walton of Augusta) signed the Declaration of Independence. Another Midway resident, Nathan Brownson, served in the Continental Congress from 1776 to 1778 but was not among the signers.[citation needed] Liberty County was formed in 1777 from St. John's Parish, St. Andrew's Parish, and St. James' Parish.[citation needed]

Established in 1752, the Midway Congregational Church building was destroyed during the American Revolutionary War by the British, but it was rebuilt later. The present building was completed in 1792.[citation needed] The religious welfare of the slaves was given consideration. During church services, "colored" members were seated in the gallery, with whites in the pews below.[citation needed] After the American Civil War and the wholesale destruction of property during Sherman's March to the Sea, the community was unable to pay a clergyman and the church ultimately closed.

Each April, the Midway Society conducts an annual service commemorating the town's settlement.[citation needed] Among those buried here are two American Generals who served in the Revolutionary War, Daniel Stewart and James Screven. A large monument, erected in 1915 in the center of the cemetery, is dedicated to these men.[citation needed]

The City of Midway was incorporated in 1925.

In 1973, the Midway Historic District, encompassing the Midway Congregational Church and Cemetery, the Midway Museum, and the Old Sunbury Road, was added to the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

Industry[edit]

Midway has an industrial park with nine manufacturing facilities. In 2007, Target Corporation opened a 1,500,000-square-foot (140,000 m2) regional distribution center.[5]

Geography[edit]

Midway is located at 31°48′00″N 81°24′44″W / 31.799873°N 81.412298°W / 31.799873; -81.412298Coordinates: 31°48′00″N 81°24′44″W / 31.799873°N 81.412298°W / 31.799873; -81.412298 (31.799873, -81.412298).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.6 square miles (15 km2), of which 5.6 square miles (15 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.71%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 42
1940 96 128.6%
1950 228 137.5%
1960 240 5.3%
1970 167 −30.4%
1980 457 173.7%
1990 863 88.8%
2000 1,100 27.5%
2010 2,121 92.8%
Est. 2015 2,007 [7] −5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,121 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 45.8% Black, 44.9% White, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from some other race and 2.5% from two or more races. 5.2% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 1,100 people, 331 households, and 241 families residing in the city. The population density was 197.8 people per square mile (76.4/km²). There were 395 housing units at an average density of 71.0 per square mile (27.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 58.82% White, 37.18% African American, 0.55% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.36% of the population.

There were 331 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,205, and the median income for a family was $31,607. Males had a median income of $27,014 versus $20,313 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,078. About 15.2% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.

Culture[edit]

The Midway Museum is home to documents, exhibits, and furnishings associated with the Midway Society from the Colonial period through its last meeting in December 1865. The Midway Museum was Georgia's first colonial museum.[citation needed]

Lemonade stand shutdown[edit]

In July 2011 Midway received national attention after city police shut down a lemonade stand run by young girls attempting to earn money for a waterpark trip. Police and city officials maintained the girls were required to obtain a business license.[9] Neighboring Richmond Hill allowed the girls to set up their lemonade stand at its first farmer's market later that month.[10]

In the media[edit]

The 2014 award-winning Independent film, A Promise, was filmed in Liberty County.[11][12]

Education[edit]

Public education is provided by the Liberty County School System.[13] Public schools located in Midway are:

  • Liberty Elementary (grades K through 5)[14]
  • Midway Middle School (grades 6 through 8)[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Stokes, Thomas, The Savannah, Rinehart & Co., 1951, p. 124
  4. ^ National Park Service: Midway Historic District
  5. ^ "Target opening massive distribution center in Georgia". Atlanta Business Chronicle. January 19, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Police Shut Down Girls' Lemonade Stand". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. July 15, 2011. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Richmond Hill Farmers Market opens Tuesday". BryanCountyNews.net. July 18, 2011. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Film company sets premieres". www.bryancountynews.com. Retrieved 2016-03-26. 
  12. ^ "Georgia hears about local film industry". coastalcourier.com. Retrieved 2016-03-26. 
  13. ^ "Liberty County School System". Liberty County School System. 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Liberty Elementary School". liberty.k12.ga.us. 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Midway Middle School". liberty.k12.ga.us. 2011 [. Retrieved July 18, 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]