The 224,736-square-foot (20,878.7 m2) prison on 45 acres (18 ha) has a design specification of 512 beds with 43 in special housing and the rest in general housing and dormitory. The prison handles inmates sentenced to terms of ten years or less. It also will house people who are awaiting trial.
It is one of three major federal prisons on federal land in Leavenworth. The civilian prison United States Penitentiary, Leavenworth is outside the boundaries of Fort Leavenworth on the southwest edge and the military United States Disciplinary Barracks is on the northeast side near the Sherman Army Airfield. The Joint Regional Correctional Facility is across Coffin Road just southwest of the Disciplinary Barracks.
The prison, rather than using traditional block house construction, utilizes modular cells.
The following inmates were confined to J.R.C.F. while awaiting trial by court-martial, and were transferred to the Disciplinary Barracks following their convictions.
- Chelsea Manning, accused of leaking government documents in 2010 to WikiLeaks.
- Robert Bales, accused of killing 16 Afghan civilians in the Kandahar massacre on 11 March 2012.
- Richmeier, John (28 September 2010). "Fort opens new prison". Leavenworth Times. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
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- "2010 U.S. Army Posture Statement". Secureweb2.hqda.pentagon.mil. 8 October 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "Joint Regional Correctional Facility taps geothermal energy for heating, cooling". Army.mil. 16 September 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "Army Celebrates "Super Tuesday" At Fort Leavenworth, Kan. – Corrections Today". Faqs.org. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "Accused WikiLeaks informant moved to prison in Kansas". The Kansas City Star. 20 April 2011. Archived from the original on 22 April 2011.
- "Army Identifies Afghanistan Shooting Suspect". United States Department of Defense. 17 March 2012. Archived from the original on 14 April 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2012.