Midwest Radio Network

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Midwest Radio Network Pty Ltd
Limited company
Industry Digital media, News media & Broadcasting
Founded 1938 (as Lithgow Broadcasters Pty Ltd)
1984 (name changed to Midwest Radio Network Pty Ltd)
Headquarters Sydney, Australia
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Barbara Orr (Radio)[1]
Products Media & entertainment
Services Online newspapers, Web portals, Radio broadcasting
Website www.midwestradionetwork.com

Midwest Radio Network is an Australian company which has a global media business concentrated in two main areas, broadcasting and digital media. The broadcasting division focuses on the operation of FM and AM commercial radio stations in the Midwest region, west of Sydney, Australia. The digital media platform comprising newspaper-style news portals is internationally concentrated.

Overview[edit]

Midwest Radio Network was founded on 7 June 1938 as Lithgow Broadcasters Pty Ltd and was granted a license to transmit that year. Initially the company was a subsidiary of Western Newspapers Pty Ltd.[2][3] In July 1939 the company began broadcasting with the channel name 2LT[1] as part of the Macquarie Central Western Network.

In the 1970s the company was acquired by the Transcontinental Broadcasting Company Limited. This in turn was bought by Broadcast Investments Pty Limited, the former owner of 2UE,[4] in 1979. Late in 1979 Lithgow Broadcasters was transferred to interests associated with John McEvoy of the Metro Hotels group.

On 21 June 1984 the company changed its name to Midwest Radio Network Pty Ltd, and in 1986 became a major shareholder in a new ASX-listed public company called Midwest Radio Limited. Midwest Radio Limited was involved in a number of ventures during the 1980s and 1990s, including regional radio stations in New Zealand[5] and FM broadcasting operations in the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Bahrain.

In 1996 Midwest Radio Network established a new FM station which launched with the call sign Kiss FM, which it began operating in conjunction with 2LT, and servicing a similar coverage area.

In 2001 Midwest Radio Network cut most of its connections with Midwest Radio Limited when that company was taken over in a reverse takeover by Unitel, a former listed public company whose principal asset was a network of radio stations jointly owned with Rural Press Limited comprising River 94.9 in Ipswich, Queensland, and South Australian stations 5AU Port Augusta, 5RM in Renmark, 5CC Port Lincoln, 5CS in Port Pirie, Magic FM in Port Lincoln, and Magic FM in Renmark.[6] Subsequently the name of the public company was changed to Media Corporation Australia Limited..[7] Control of the radio assets had passed to MCA and Midwest Radio Network was now concentrating on online news portals.

However in March 2006 Media Corporation Australia went into liquidation and asked Midwest Radio Network to appoint a receiver for the radio assets. Both stations were offered for sale but no buyers emerged.[8] Four years later Midwest Radio Network terminated the receivership and resumed control of the radio stations.[9]

History[edit]

Early days[edit]

After the license to establish 2LT was granted to Midwest Radio Network (then named Lithgow Broadcasters Pty Ltd) in 1938 it was proposed a trade union lease the license on a ten-year term basis, and for the union, the Professional Radio Employees Institute, to build and own the station, a first for a union in Australia.[10] The proposal did not eventuate and Midwest proceeded to develop the station, building a transmitting aerial and a studio at Bowenfels. The station was to broadcast 10 hours a day initially.[11]

Mast disaster[edit]

A contract for the erection of the tubular steel aerial mast, which was to be 218 feet in height[12] was entered into in January 1939 while tenders were called for other buildings to be built. It was intended the mast would be finished in six weeks and the station would be on air by Easter 1939.[13] The erection of the mast which had been extended to 228 feet in height was a disaster. A pulley failed causing the newly constructed mast to buckle and fall. It was extensively damaged. A new mast had to be commissioned which took two to three weeks to build.[14] In the end the two contractors commissioned to erect the mast were unable to do so. The Mayor of Lithgow Bob Fullagar, who was Manager of the Lithgow State Mine at the time, took over the job and had the mast installed.[15]

Official opening[edit]

The official opening of 2LT occurred on 2 July 1939. The station was opened by the Australian Minister for Customs Mr. J. N. Lawson, who in congratulating Midwest Radio Network (then Lithgow Broadcasters), said the Australian system of broadcasting provided greater variety, and unlike stations in Britain that were under government control, had greater freedom, "and freedom in broadcasting was just as important a bulwark as freedom of the press."[16]

Station threatened by bushfires[edit]

In January 1940, six months after 2LT first went to air the station, along with a number of cottages and State Pine forests, was endangered by bushfires but survived without damage.[17]

Australian Government censorship[edit]

On 13 May 1940 Australia's Postmaster-General imposed a restriction on 2LT preventing it from allowing two members of the Western Mining Federation to speak on the station because of ‘objectionable remarks’ including their description of the word ‘scab.’ The Postmaster General directed the two men be barred from speaking on the station again unless scripts of what they were to say were submitted to his department and approved beforehand. The minister also directed the station itself not be able to comment on industrial matters unless it followed the same procedure. He said he had directed the Crown Solicitor to investigate the powers of the government in such matters.[18]

Station linked to communist threat[edit]

The Postmaster-General linked the station ban to his government's concern about communism infiltrating the unions. He was quoted as saying "there were only two classes of Australians today, those who were loyal to the country and those who were not." The Minister said anyone who had information that would assist the government in its fight against communism and enemy agents should, submit it to the nearest police station, or send it to him direct.[19]

National coal mining strike[edit]

The Australian Government restriction imposed on 2LT occurred as a national coal mining strike was entering its third month, with most coal mines in Australia located in and around Lithgow. The strike brought unprecedented attention from the Australian Government as it had come in the midst of World War II and was depriving manufacturing plants focused on the development of military equipment and arms, including the Lithgow Small Arms Factory, of vitally needed coal supplies. Miners were being pressed by unions to stay on strike despite pleas from Prime Minister Robert Menzies that the War Effort was under threat. "If we do not obtain ample supplies of coal soon our war programme must be curtailed drastically", he said at the time. This is unthinkable when our strong and calculating enemy is throwing all resources into a terrific gamble for world domination", he said.[20]

News services commenced[edit]

From February 1942 the Australian Broadcasting Commission by arrangement with the Federation of Commercial Broadcasters began providing news services to 2LT and other regional Australian stations free of charge.[21]

Andrews Sisters banned[edit]

In December 1943 the 2LT General Manager Desmond Day banned all forty records by the Andrews Sisters. At the time he said the standard of music on the station, which he took over as General Manager 5 months earlier, was very low and consisted of nothing but "boogie-woogie and hot jazz." The Manager said at the time the War had increased the average age of listeners to 35 to 40, and he hadn’t met anyone over the age of 35 that liked the Andrews Sisters. "I don’t believe in tom-toms. The people want melody and good vocalists," he said.[22]

Plan to introduce commercial news service[edit]

Three news services a day covering national and international news were scheduled to commence in May 1945 on 2LT, on relay from 2GB Sydney, by arrangement with The Sydney Morning Herald. ‘The aim was to give an objective, balanced and entirely factual survey of overseas and Australian events as reliable as the Herald itself and free from comment of any kind except when a survey of press and other opinion on any event of importance abroad becomes in itself a matter of news interest. Aside from international and Australian news wires, it was noted The Sydney Morning Herald had correspondents in London, New York, India, and China, and war correspondents in Western and Southern Europe, the Supreme Allied Headquarters in Europe, and General MacArthur's headquarters in the Pacific[23]

Australian Government blocks new news service[edit]

The Australian government however moved to block 2LT and other stations taking the new news service as it would replace the existing service provided by the government-controlled Australian Broadcasting Commission, which had been provided free of cost to the station since February 1942. The Acting Prime Minister Ben Chifley announced the Postmaster-General would refuse to provide landlines for the new service. For some stations however, including 2LT, the government would allow landlines to be allocated provided the stations agreed to also broadcast the ABC news.[21]

First live boxing broadcast[edit]

In February 1946 2LT joined a network of 25 Macquarie Network and co-operative stations Australia-wide to broadcast a boxing match, which was the largest hook-up ever for a boxing match in Australia.[24]

Statewide Food for Britain appeal[edit]

2LT assisted in a statewide appeal in February 1946 for the Food for Britain Fund.[25]

Poisoned potatoes[edit]

On 1 December 1946, at the direction of Lithgow Police, 2LT broadcast a warning to thieves who had stolen a bag of potatoes from a farm at nearby Portland that the potatoes had been treated with copper sulphate poison. The police were concerned the thieves may have tried to sell the potatoes unaware they were poisoned.[26]

Western Newspapers ownership threatened[edit]

Western Newspapers was the majority owner of Midwest Radio Network in 1948, at a time when the Australian government was being pressed to end the monopoly of broadcasting station ownership by newspaper groups, with parts of the Chifley Cabinet wanting station licenses re-allocated, or for all broadcasting to be nationalised.[27]

Bloodhound joins 2LT search for missing boys[edit]

On 1 November 1950 an appeal on 2LT brought together 150 men to form search parties for two young boys who went missing in Lithgow. The search party later grew to 500 and was joined by a bloodhound who had earlier discovered the body of a 70 year old man.[28]

UK-based Mirror Group forced to sell[edit]

By 1952 Midwest Radio Network (then Lithgow Broadcasters Pty Ltd) which had one asset, 2LT, was majority-owned by Mirror Pictorial Assets Pty Ltd, a subsidiary of the UK-based Mirror newspaper group. In 1952 the Australian parliament passed a law forbidding foreign companies from having a controlling interest in Australian radio stations. On 23 January 1953, Mirror announced it was disposing of its majority shareholdings in nine stations including 2LT. After the sale its interest in Midwest, and consequently 2LT, was reduced to 28.9%.[29]

NSW North Coast flood appeal[edit]

Midwest Radio Network's 2LT joined Sydney station 2GB in February 1954 sending clothes to the flood-stricken New South Wales north coast after an appeal launched by Sydney Mayor Pat Hills.[30]

Christmas Day 1956 bushfires[edit]

Bushfires were raging eight miles from the city of Lithgow on Christmas Day 1956 when 2LT broadcast a call for volunteers to fight the fires. As a result a number of the fires, which until then were blazing unchecked, were able to be put out.[31]

John Fairfax Ltd becomes major shareholder[edit]

In 1964 Midwest Radio Network was partially owned by London-based Associated Television. On 29 June 1964 Associated announced it had sold its interests in 6 radio stations and eight television stations. As a result of the sale John Fairfax Limited had become a substantial shareholder of Midwest whose only asset at the time remained 2LT.[32]

New public company floated[edit]

In 1986 Midwest's radio interests were transferred to a newly established public company named Midwest Radio Limited, which was listed on the Australian Securities Exchange. Midwest retained a shareholding in the new company but the radio assets were under the control of the new entity.

Kiss FM launched[edit]

In 1996 KISS FM was established and began broadcasting that year.

2LT wins national Community Project award[edit]

2LT won the Single Major Specific Community Project in the 1997 Rawards (Radio Industry Awards) for a 900 2LT Road Safety Campaign.[33]

Company begins development of online news services[edit]

In 2002 Midwest in conjunction with Big News Network and Mainstream Media began putting together a global network of news portals, extending news coverage to each major region, nation, city in the world and U.S. states as well as sites focused on business, sport, entertainment and various industries.[34]

Takeover of public company[edit]

Midwest Radio Limited was taken over by former listed company Unitel Media Group Limited in a deal first proposed to the Australian Securities Exchange ominously on 11 September 2001. Unitel's primary asset was a 49.9% interest in Star Broadcasting Network, which owned and operated River 94.9 in Ipswich, Queensland, and a number of regional radio stations in South Australia. The deal closed on 18 June 2002.[35] On 30 August 2002 the name of the public company was changed to 'Media Corporation Australia Limited'.

Surprise sale to Rural Press[edit]

Within months, in January 2003, Unitel Media, now owned by Media Corporation Australia, suddenly and surprisingly sold its Star Broadcasting Network holding to its joint venture partner Rural Press Limited. No price was disclosed, nor was any reason given for the sale.[36]

Midwest appoints receiver to public company[edit]

In 2006 receivers were appointed to Media Corporation Australia Limited. Directors of that company requested Midwest Radio Network, which held a first charge over the company, to appoint a receiver which it did. The company's radio stations were operated by the receivers for four years during which time they attempted to sell the assets without success.

ACMA proposes technical specification variations[edit]

In January 2008 the Australian Communications and Media Authority proposed variations to the technical specifications of the company's broadcasting stations which would enable more people living in the Blue Mountains area to listen to the company's radio services.[37]

Company takes back control of broadcasting assets[edit]

On 3 January 2010 Midwest Radio Network terminated the receivership of Media Corporation Australia Limited and took back control of the company's broadcasting stations.[38]

Jennifer Menchin named Best News Presenter and Best Talk Presenter at ACRAs[edit]

Midwest Radio Network's Jennifer Menchin won the Best News Presenter and the Best Talk Presenter at the ACRAs, the national broadcasting industry awards presentation conducted by Commercial Radio Australia.[39] The Australian Commercial Radio Awards (ACRAs) are held annually by Commercial Radio Australia. The ACRAs, previously known as the RAWARDS were first held by Commercial Radio Australia (then known as the Federation of Australian Radio Broadcasters or FARB) in 1989.

Current activity[edit]

Midwest Radio Network is now largely a management services and holding company which oversees various assets.[2]

eNewspapers[edit]

In 2002 Midwest Radio Network helped establish and took over the running of the eNewspaper network of online news portals in conjunction with Big News Network. These portals use a newspaper presentation and name and each one is localised to a country, region, U.S. state or industry. A substantial portion of news content on the sites is drawn from Big News Network, a news agency headquartered at Dubai Media City in the United Arab Emirates. Other news content is provided by contracted news wires, contributors, and syndicated news content providers such as Newsmax Media and Financial Content. As part of an arrangement with Q Network the sites also feature movie reviews by James Kendrick who has been publishing reviews for Q Network since 1998.[40][41] As of 2013 the network consists of over 100 portals. Some examples of the company's eNewspaper titles are Asia Bulletin, New York Telegraph, Australian Herald, San Diego Sun, London Mercury, Boston Star, California Telegraph, Texas Guardian, Florida Statesman, International Travel News and Business Sun. The eNewspaper network operated by Midwest is the second global network of news sites established in conjunction with Big News Network. That company also operates what it calls the News.Net directory of sites in tandem with Mainstream Media, which was established in 1996 and began development of the News.Net sites in 1999, which include such sites as US News.Net, Europe News.Net, China News.Net, Britain News.Net, Boston News.Net, Toronto News.Net, Miami News.Net, and Hong Kong News.Net.[42] Midwest Radio Network and Mainstream Media share facilities and offices in Sydney, Dubai and Bahrain. The group has news desks in Sydney, Perth, Dubai and Delhi.[43]

Radio[edit]

2LT[edit]

Main article: 2LT (AM)

This station continues to be operated by the company and is now in its 75th year of broadcasting. Midwest Radio Network was originally established to act as licensee for the station. Although the broadcasting license for 2LT was granted in June 1938[3] the station did not begin broadcasting until July 1939.[1] The new station formed part of the Macquarie Central Western Network, and featured that network's programming as well as locally produced content. The station has been operating continuously since 1939 and now broadcasts to an extended coverage area which includes Bathurst in the Central West and the Blue Mountains.

In 2011 Jennifer Menchin from 2LT won two Australian Commercial Radio Awards in the categories of best talk presenter and best news presenter.[44][45]

Move FM[edit]

Main article: Move FM

In 1996 Midwest Radio Network sought and was granted a license to establish an FM radio station to complement 2LT. The company was granted a license to broadcast on 95.3MHz and began operating as KISS 95.3. Later a frequency conflict with a Sydney station led to a change to 107.9 MHz and a name change. Finally in 2011 the station was renamed to MoveFM.[46]

On 15 April 2004 MoveFM's former frequency was auctioned for $106 million by the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal. In exchange the Tribunal awarded Midwest two licenses for additional FM frequencies and areas, allowing them to extend coverage by operating translator stations in Katoomba and the Blue Mountains.[47] Now that various technical problems have been resolved[48] these translators are due to enter service in the first half of 2013.[40]

Other activity[edit]

The company also owns a hotel reservation website, which it claims is not a significant part of its business,[2] and has land holdings in Port Macquarie and Geraldton.

Operations[edit]

Broadcasting[edit]

Online Newspapers[edit]

  • Nations
    • Afghanistan Sun – covers the country nationally and from an international perspective
    • Argentina Star – includes major coverage from the capital Buenos Aires and other cities
    • Australian Herald – national publication with coverage of Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, and the capital Canberra
    • Bangladesh Sun – has its main emphasis on the country, Dhaka the capital, and the Southeast Asia region
    • Brazil Sun – features news from across the country including São Paulo, the Federal capital Brasília, and Rio de Janeiro
    • Cambodian Times – covering the Kingdom of Cambodia (formerly Kampuchea), with a main focus on the capital and largest city, Phnom Penh
    • Canada Standard – national service with news from the major cities Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal and Quebec
    • China National News – covers the nation and provinces Hong Kong and Macau
    • Greek Herald – the main emphasis of this newspaper is on the Greek economy and events in Athens
    • Haiti Sun – country portal with some coverage of other Caribbean nations
    • India Gazette – national publication named after newspaper first published in 1780
    • Iran Herald – claims to report independent news from and about the Islamic Republic of Iran
    • Iraq Sun – publishes breaking news from across the nation and the capital Baghdad
    • Irish Sun – covers Ireland, named after Dublin newspaper of 1880
    • Israel Herald – news of the Jewish state with emphasis on the Middle East conflict
    • Jamaican Times – displays news of the country and its largest city and capital Kingston
    • Japan Herald – coverage of Japan and its bigger cities including Tokyo and Osaka
    • Kenya Star – national coverage with substantial content related to events in Nairobi
    • Malaysia Sun – breaks news from around the country and nearby islands
    • Mexico Star – national stories together with news of Mexican interest from abroad
    • Nepal National – long time English language resource for Nepal and its capital Kathmandu
    • New Zealand Star – covers the North Island and South Island with national and local news
    • Nigeria Sun – presents news for the Federal Republic of Nigeria
    • North Korea Times – claims to be the oldest news website covering North Korea
    • Pakistan Telegraph – originates and sources news for the country and cities like Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad
    • Philippine Times – portal devoted to news about the Philippines, in particular Manila
    • Russia Herald – features stories from around the nation and international articles pertinent to Russia
    • Sierra Leone Times – Freetown-focused site with some focus on the West African region
    • Singapore Star – portal concentrating on Singapore, uses The surprise of Asia as a slogan
    • Sri Lanka Source – presents topical coverage of events in Sri Lanka and the capital Colombo
    • Taiwan Sun – covers the island nation internally, its relationship with China, and the Asia-Pacific region
    • The UK News – regional site with the main focus on England
    • The US News – breaks national news and stories of US interest from around the world
    • Trinidad Times – a site dedicated to Trinidad & Tobago with some regional coverage
    • Venezuela Star – reports breaking news from Venezuela and its capital Caracas
    • Vietnam Tribune – long-established portal focused on Vietnam and its capital Hanoi
    • Zimbabwe Star – news portal servicing Zimbabwe which became independent from the UK in 1980
  • Cities
    • Albuquerque Express – covering Albuquerque in New Mexico
    • Atlanta Leader – focuses on Atlanta, has the slogan You can rely on the Leader
    • Austin Globe – predominantly news of the Texan capital with some state coverage
    • Baltimore Star – a news portal for Baltimore, Maryland
    • Baton Rouge Post – primarily based on Baton Rouge with stories from around Louisiana
    • Beijing Bulletin – composite news site for the northern China metropolis
    • Birmingham Star – covers the city, and the state of Alabama
    • Boston Star – Boston, Massachusetts, named after the Boston Daily Star of 1845
    • Buffalo Breeze – publication centers around the city, and the state of New York
    • Charlotte Star – covers Charlotte and the state of North Carolina
    • Chicago Chronicle – Chicago, Illinois portal named after newspaper first published in 1880
    • Cincinnati Sun – the voice of Cincinnati together with national and international news
    • Cleveland Star – focuses on Cleveland with state coverage of Ohio
    • Dallas Sun – Dallas, Texas publication with slogan Where the sun never sets
    • Denver Sun – covering Denver, Colorado, publication claims to be the Gateway to the Rockies
    • Detroit Star – news from around Detroit with segments from Michigan
    • Dublin News – online newspaper version of a Dublin (Ireland) newspaper of 1858
    • Hong Kong Herald – reports the news from the densely populated province of Hong Kong
    • Houston Mirror – Houston, Texas, publication named after a newspaper published in 1928
    • Indianapolis Post – covering Indianapolis, Indiana, has same name as 1927 newspaper
    • Kansas City Post – Kansas City, Missouri publication named after newspaper produced in 1906
    • Knoxville Times – similar named newspaper of 1932 preceded this publication focused on Knoxville, Tennessee
    • Las Vegas Herald – covers Las Vegas, the gaming capital of the world, and the state of Nevada
    • London Mercury – carries on a newspaper tradition first established in 1682 in London, England
    • Los Angeles Herald – based on a traditional newspaper first published in 1900
    • Memphis Sun – presents news from Memphis, Tennessee
    • Miami Mirror – news portal reporting on Miami and Miami-Dade County, Florida
    • Milwaukee Sun – named after Milwaukee, Wisconsin newspaper of 1924
    • Nashville Herald – Nashville, Tennessee portal named after 1831 newspaper
    • New Orleans Sun – inspired by 1838 newspaper servicing New Orleans, Louisiana
    • New York Telegraph – publishes news from and about New York City like its newspaper predecessor of 1845
    • Oklahoma City Sun – covering Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
    • Orlando Echo – online newspaper focusing on Orlando and southeastern Florida
    • Paris Guardian – covers Paris, France with European and international segments
    • Perth Herald – news portal for Perth, the West Australian capital
    • Peking Press – comprehensive site focused on Beijing and mainland China
    • Philadelphia Herald – displays news from around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    • Phoenix Herald – generates news coverage of the city and the state of Arizona
    • Pittsburgh Star – covers the city and Pennsylvania state
    • Raleigh Times – online news site adopting the name of an 1848 Raleigh, North Carolina newspaper
    • Sacramento Sun – streams news of Sacramento, California similar to its newspaper predecessor of 1848
    • Salt Lake City Sun – services Salt Lake City in Utah
    • San Antonio Post – covers San Antonio, Texas
    • San Diego Sun – publishing San Diego, California news using the name of a newspaper started in 1881
    • San Francisco Star – portal with the name of a San Francisco newspaper of 1851
    • San Jose Sun – focuses on San Jose, Silicon Valley and the Bay Area
    • Seattle Bulletin – online version of similarly named newspaper produced in 1903
    • Shanghai Sun – composite news portal devoted to China's largest city
    • St Louis Star – St Louis, Missouri publication with the slogan Striving, seeking and unyielding
    • Sydney Sun – publication with the title of a newspaper founded in 1910 in Sydney, Australia
    • Tampa Star – serving Tampa and Hillsborough County, Florida
    • Toronto Telegraph – focusing on the largest city in Canada, in the province of Ontario
    • Tucson Post – named after a 1901 newspaper, the site covers Tucson, Arizona
    • Tuscaloosa Times – Tuscaloosa, Alabama publication named after an 1872–1899 newspaper
    • Vancouver Star – covering Vancouver, British Columbia and Canada with the slogan The voice of reason
  • US states
    • Arizona Herald – provides state coverage with news of Phoenix, Tucson and other large cities
    • California Telegraph – covers California with a focus on Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego
    • Colorado Star – Colorado publication with the slogan Till our great mountain rivers run dry
    • Florida Statesman – state news portal for Florida and its major cities and towns
    • Hawaii Telegraph – services the Hawaiian Islands with a particular emphasis on Oahu
    • Maine Mirror – Maine publication with the slogan Where America's day begins
    • Maryland Leader – provides state coverage with appreciable coverage of Baltimore
    • Massachusetts Sun – portal featuring news from around Massachusetts
    • Michigan Sun – generates statewide news coverage of Michigan and its major cities
    • New Jersey Telegraph – features news of Newark, Jersey City and New Jersey state
    • New York Statesman – servicing the state of New York
    • North Carolina Daily – portal featuring state news from North Carolina
    • Ohio Standard – a resource for news of Ohio and the state's larger cities
    • Oklahoma Star – has the slogan Oklahoma's own, covers Oklahoma state
    • Oregon Telegraph – news site updating headlines from across Oregon
    • Pennsylvania Sun – providing statewide coverage and news of bigger cities in Pennsylvania
    • Tennessee Daily – online newspaper with the slogan Tennessee at its best
    • Texas Guardian – covers Texas, with a focus on Dallas, Houston, and Austin
    • Utah Independent – focuses on Utah state with much of its coverage of Salt Lake City
    • Wisconsin Star – covers Wisconsin from the capital Madison to its largest city Milwaukee
  • Miscellaneous
    • Breaking Property News – a global real estate journal
    • Broadcast Communications – a news resource for the broadcasting and communications industries
    • Business Sun – an international news resource focusing on business and finance
    • Entertainment Sun – news portal for the show business industry
    • International Technology – covers news of technology from around the world
    • International Travel News – travel news resource, has the slogan With footprints around the globe
    • Manufacturing Mirror – focuses on news in manufacturing and textiles
    • Professional Autos – reports on events in the automotive industry
    • Sports Sun – general sports news site with an international perspective
    • Tennis Times – devoted to the sport of tennis, has the slogan Game, set, match
    • Travel Trade. Org – designed to cater for travel industry professionals

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2LT planning 75th birthday celebrations", RadioInfo, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "Company History", Midwest Radio Network, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  3. ^ a b "2LT Lithgow", RadioHeritage.net, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  4. ^ "Lamb, John (1885-1974)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  5. ^ "Disposal of NZ radio shareholding in XS Corporation Ltd", Australian Securities Exchange, 21 Aug 1998, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  6. ^ "To Expand Operations", Australian Securities Exchange, 20 Sep 2001, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  7. ^ "Change of Name", Australian Securities Exchange, 30 Aug 2002, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  8. ^ "2LT/107.9 FM Lithgow for sale", RadioInfo, 17 Apr 2009, reproduced on knowfirst.info (original link dead.) Retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  9. ^ "Midwest Radio Network resumes control of 2LT/IceFM Lithgow", RadioInfo, retrieved 20 Mar 2013.
  10. ^ "Trade Union Radio Station", The Sydney Morning Herald, 29 Dec 1938, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  11. ^ "Broadcasting Station 2LT Lithgow", The Sydney Morning Herald, 17 Jan 1939, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  12. ^ "New Wireless Station", The Sydney Morning Herald, 18 Mar 1939, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  13. ^ "New Radio Station", The Sydney Morning Herald, 30 Jan 1939, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  14. ^ "Wireless Mast falls", The Sydney Morning Herald, 29 Apr 1939, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  15. ^ "Sudden Death of Mr Bob Fullagar", The Cessnock Eagle and South Maitland Recorder, 13 Jan 1948, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  16. ^ "New Radio Station", The Sydney Morning Herald, 3 Jul 1939, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  17. ^ "Bushfires Spread City Fireman Killed", The Sydney Morning Herald, 26 Jan 1940, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  18. ^ "Broadcasting Station 2LT Lithgow", The West Australian, 14 May 1940, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  19. ^ "Partial Ban on Radio Station", The Barrier Miner, 14 May 1939, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  20. ^ "Miners Scorn Warnings", The Courier-Mail, 14 May 1940, retrieved 8 September 2013.
  21. ^ a b "Land-Lines Only for A.B.C. News Service", The Sydney Morning Herald, 4 May 1945, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  22. ^ "Andrews Sisters Ban", Worker, 20 Dec 1943, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  23. ^ "Herald News Service from 2GB", The Sydney Morning Herald, 1 May 1945, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  24. ^ "Broadcast After Fight", The Sydney Morning Herald, 1 Feb 1946, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  25. ^ "Food Fund Appeal", The Sydney Morning Herald, 16 Feb 1946, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  26. ^ "Poisoned Potatoes", The Northern Miner, 3 Dec 1946, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  27. ^ "Press Controls Majority of Radio Stations", The Northern Standard, 14 May 1948, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  28. ^ "This bloodhound is having a busy time", The Argus, 1 Nov 1950, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  29. ^ "British group selling radio interests", The Canberra Times, 24 Jan 1953, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  30. ^ "N.S.W. Flood Victims Relief Fund Launched", The Sydney Morning Herald, 17 Jan 1939, retrieved 24 Feb 1954.
  31. ^ "Grave Bush Fire Danger keeps Bans on Fires", The Canberra Times, 25 Dec 1956, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  32. ^ "John Fairfax buys large TV holding", The Canberra Times, 30 June 1964, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  33. ^ "Rawards Winners List 1997", Commercial Radio Australia, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  34. ^ "About Big News Network", Big News Network, retrieved 11 Sep 2013.
  35. ^ "Acquisition of Unitel & others", Australian Securities Exchange, 18 June 2002, retrieved 10 Sep 2013.
  36. ^ "Rural Press aims higher with Star radio deal", The Age, 1 Feb 2003, retrieved 21 Sep 2013.
  37. ^ "ACMA proposes to improve the coverage of Lithgow commercial radio services", Radio News, 14 Jan 2008, retrieved 10 Sep 2013.
  38. ^ "Midwest Radio Network resumes control of 2LT/IceFM Lithgow", RadioInfo, retrieved 10 Sep 2013.
  39. ^ "Winners for 2011 Commercial Radio Awards (ACRAS)", Commercial Radio Australia, retrieved 8 Sep 2013.
  40. ^ a b "Midwest Radio Network", AboutUs.org, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  41. ^ "James Kendrick - Rotten Tomatoes", Rotten Tomatoes, retrieved 10 Sep 2013.
  42. ^ "About Mainstream Media", Mainstream Media, retrieved 11 Sep 2013.
  43. ^ "Mainstream Media Corporate Information", Mainstream Media, retrieved 11 Sep 2013.
  44. ^ "Southern Cross shines bright at radio awards", The Australian, 17 Oct 2011, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  45. ^ "Koffee wins Best Digital Radio Format at Radio Awards", DigitalRadioPlus, 15 Oct 2011, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  46. ^ "Corporate Information", Midwest Radio Network, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  47. ^ "Home Page", Midwest Radio Network, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.
  48. ^ "Draft Variation to License Area Plan for Lithgow, NSW", Australian Communications and Media Authority, retrieved 19 Mar 2013.

External links[edit]