Mifflin County, Pennsylvania

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Mifflin County
former Mifflin County Courthouse
former Mifflin County Courthouse
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Mifflin County
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°37′N 77°37′W / 40.61°N 77.62°W / 40.61; -77.62
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
Founded19 September 1789
Named forThomas Mifflin
SeatLewistown
Largest boroughLewistown
Area
 • Total415 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Land411 sq mi (1,060 km2)
 • Water3.7 sq mi (10 km2)  0.9%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total46,143 Increase
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district12th
Websitewww.co.mifflin.pa.us

Mifflin County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 46,143.[1] Its county seat is Lewistown.[2][1] The county was created on September 19, 1789, from parts of Cumberland County and Northumberland County. It was named for Thomas Mifflin, the first Governor of Pennsylvania. Mifflin County comprises the Lewistown, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

The county terrain is formed by the folded Appalachian Mountain ridges which run from southwest to northeast across the county. The terrain slopes to the northeast,[3] with its highest point (Broad Mtn) 1.25 mile (2 km) East Northeast from the county's Northwest corner, just south of the county's border with Centre County. It measures 2,339' (713m) Above sea level.[4] The Juniata River flows northeast through the lower part of the county, exiting northeastward into Juniata County near Hawstone.[5] The county has a total area of 415 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 411 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2) (0.9%) is water.[6]

Mifflin County is located in, and has its boundaries defined by, the Ridge-and Valley Appalachian Mountains of Pennsylvania. US Route 322, a major divided highway, connects the county to the rest of the state on its route between Harrisburg and State College. US Route 522 also connects the county to the rest of the state on its route between Selinsgrove and Mount Union.

The county has a humid continental climate (Dfa/Dfb) and average temperatures in downtown Lewistown range from 27.8 °F in January to 72.7 °F in July. [1]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17907,562
180013,60980.0%
181012,132−10.9%
182016,61837.0%
183021,69030.5%
184013,092−39.6%
185014,98014.4%
186016,3409.1%
187017,5087.1%
188019,57711.8%
189019,9962.1%
190023,16015.8%
191027,78520.0%
192031,43913.2%
193040,33528.3%
194042,9936.6%
195043,6911.6%
196044,3481.5%
197045,2682.1%
198046,9083.6%
199046,197−1.5%
200046,4860.6%
201046,6820.4%
202046,143−1.2%
2021 (est.)46,1360.0%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2017[11][12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,682 people and 18,743 households in the county. The population density was 113.6/sqmi (43.9/km2). There were 21,537 housing units at an average density of 52.4/sqmi (20.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.53% White, 0.64% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.8% were of German, 19.2% American, 8.0% Irish and 7.5% English ancestry. 5.7% report speaking Pennsylvania German, Dutch, or German at home.[13]

There were 18,743 households, out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

The county population contained 23.1% under the age of 18, 2.2% from 18 to 19, 5.1% from 20 to 24, 10.4% from 25 to 34, 20.1% from 35 to 49, 20.6% from 50 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. The population was 48.93% male, and 51.07% female.

Amish community[edit]

The Amish community in Mifflin County, established in 1791, had a total population of 3,905 people (in 30 congregations) in 2017,[14] or 8.5% of the county's population.

Dialect[edit]

The dominant form of speech in Mifflin County is the Central Pennsylvania accent. Almost everyone in Mifflin County speaks English. The Amish and some Mennonites speak Pennsylvania German also known as Pennsylvania Dutch, a West Central German dialect, which is quite different from modern Standard German. The Amish and Mennonites also can speak English. Few non-Amish or Mennonites in Mifflin County today speak Pennsylvania German, but this was not true in the past.

Micropolitan Statistical Area[edit]

The United States Office of Management and Budget[15] has designated Mifflin County as the Lewistown, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA).[16] As of the 2010 United States Census[17] the micropolitan area ranked 10th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 237th most populous in the United States with a population of 46,682.

Law and government[edit]

County Commissioners[edit]

  • Mark Sunderland (R)
  • Rob Postal (R)
  • Kevin P. Kodish (D)

In August 2016, then County Commissioner Lisa Nancollas, a Tea Party Republican, came under fire for anti-Islamic rhetoric posted to her campaign's Facebook account.[18] She resigned from her position in April 2017, replaced by Rob Postal.[19][20]

State representatives[21][edit]

(as of 9 May 2017)

State senator[21][edit]

(as of 9 May 2017)

United States representative[edit]

United States senators[edit]

Mifflin County voters have been reliably Republican. In only one national election since 1940 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

United States presidential election results for Mifflin County, Pennsylvania[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 16,670 77.37% 4,603 21.36% 274 1.27%
2016 14,094 75.28% 3,877 20.71% 750 4.01%
2012 11,939 72.73% 4,273 26.03% 204 1.24%
2008 10,929 65.89% 5,375 32.40% 283 1.71%
2004 11,726 69.79% 4,889 29.10% 187 1.11%
2000 9,400 64.32% 4,835 33.08% 379 2.59%
1996 6,888 50.21% 5,327 38.83% 1,503 10.96%
1992 6,300 42.89% 4,946 33.67% 3,442 23.43%
1988 8,170 62.49% 4,790 36.63% 115 0.88%
1984 9,106 63.35% 5,178 36.03% 89 0.62%
1980 7,541 55.78% 5,226 38.65% 753 5.57%
1976 7,698 54.56% 6,210 44.01% 201 1.42%
1972 9,989 72.10% 3,667 26.47% 199 1.44%
1968 8,133 55.33% 5,681 38.65% 884 6.01%
1964 6,006 40.43% 8,811 59.31% 39 0.26%
1960 10,315 67.85% 4,816 31.68% 72 0.47%
1956 8,638 62.94% 5,078 37.00% 9 0.07%
1952 8,620 59.22% 5,889 40.46% 47 0.32%
1948 5,666 53.84% 4,762 45.25% 95 0.90%
1944 6,205 51.92% 5,693 47.63% 54 0.45%
1940 6,352 47.48% 6,993 52.27% 34 0.25%
1936 6,867 41.56% 9,581 57.98% 77 0.47%
1932 5,525 58.95% 3,654 38.99% 193 2.06%
1928 8,932 86.97% 1,270 12.37% 68 0.66%
1924 4,780 66.92% 1,999 27.99% 364 5.10%
1920 3,872 58.93% 2,400 36.52% 299 4.55%
1916 2,105 47.37% 1,965 44.22% 374 8.42%
1912 654 14.60% 1,400 31.25% 2,426 54.15%
1908 2,902 59.39% 1,799 36.82% 185 3.79%
1904 3,054 66.10% 1,378 29.83% 188 4.07%
1900 2,594 56.48% 1,842 40.10% 157 3.42%
1896 2,662 54.22% 2,052 41.79% 196 3.99%
1892 2,175 49.82% 2,029 46.47% 162 3.71%
1888 2,321 51.46% 2,084 46.21% 105 2.33%


Economy[edit]

Major employers in Mifflin County include:

Education[edit]

Map of Mifflin County Pennsylvania Public School Districts

Public school districts[edit]

Most of the county is served by the Mifflin County School District, with the exception of Wayne Township and the boroughs of Newton-Hamilton and Kistler, which are part of the Mount Union Area School District.

Head Start preschool programs[edit]

Head Start is a federally and state funded preschool program for low income children. The program serves 3- and 4-year-olds. In order to participate the family income must be below federal poverty guidelines.

  • Coleman Head Start Center[23]
  • McVeytown Head Start Center

Private schools[edit]

  • Sacred Heart provides a private, Catholic education from kindergarten through fifth grade.[24]
  • Belleville Mennonite School, Beth-El Christian Day School, and Valley View Christian School provide Mennonite education through grade twelve.
  • Mifflin County Christian Academy located in Decatur Township provides Christian education from kindergarten through grade twelve as well as day care.
  • Several Old Order Amish schools provide education through grade eight.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Mifflin County Academy of Science and Technology located in Lewistown provides post high school degrees in nursing, auto mechanics and electrical services and other technology driven careers.

The Lewistown branch of the South Hills School of Business and Technology offers associate degrees and other certifications in various areas of business, technology, and some health care. (Closed 2019)

The Penn State Learning Center in Lewistown offers both two-year and four-year degrees. Recently, the Learning Center opened a state-of-the-art science lab to be used by students attending the Lewistown Hospital School of Nursing.

Media[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

AM[edit]

FM[edit]

Television[edit]

Mifflin County does not have a local television station but it is provided with local coverage from the following stations outside of the county from both the Harrisburg and Johnstown/Altoona markets:

  • WHTM 27 Harrisburg (27.1 ABC, 27.2 ION, 27.3 GetTV, 27.4 Laff)
  • WPMT 43 York (43.1 FOX, 43.2 AntennaTV)
  • WHP 21 Harrisburg (21.1 CBS, 21.2 MyNetworkTV, 21.3 CW)
  • WGAL 8 Lancaster (8.1 NBC, 8.2 MeTV)
  • WTAJ 10 Altoona (10.1 CBS, 10.2 Escape, 10.3 Laff, 10.4 Grit)
  • WJAC 6 Johnstown (6.1 NBC, 6.2 MeTV, 6.3 Comet, 6.4 CW)
  • WATM 23 Altoona (23.1 ABC, 23.2 FOX, 23.3 ThisTV, 23.4 AntennaTV)
  • WWCP 8 Johnstown (8.1 FOX, 8.2 ABC)
  • WHVL 29 State College (29.1 MyNetworkTV, 29.2 Buzzr)

Newspapers[edit]

Communities[edit]

Mifflin County, showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns.

Boroughs[edit]

Census-designated places and unincorporated communities[edit]

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the US Census Bureau for the purpose of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities are listed here as well.

Townships[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Mifflin County.[17]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Lewistown Borough 8,338
2 Burnham Borough 2,054
3 Belleville CDP 1,827
4 Church Hill CDP 1,627
5 Milroy CDP 1,498
6 Highland Park CDP 1,380
7 Yeagertown CDP 1,050
8 Strodes Mills CDP 757
9 Reedsville CDP 641
10 Juniata Terrace Borough 542
11 Allensville CDP 503
12 Granville CDP 440
13 Maitland CDP 357
14 McVeytown Borough 342
15 Kistler Borough 320
16 Mattawana CDP 276
17 Lumber City CDP 255
18 Longfellow CDP 215
19 Newton Hamilton Borough 205
20 Cedar Crest CDP 195
21 Atkinson Mills CDP 174
22 Potlicker Flats CDP 172
23 Barrville CDP 160
24 Alfarata CDP 149
25 Wagner CDP 128
26 Siglerville CDP 106

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Mifflin County, Pennsylvania". Census.gov. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Mifflin County PA" - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  4. ^ "Broad Mountain Pennsylvania" - PeakBagger.com (accessed 23 May 2019)
  5. ^ Mifflin County PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  11. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  12. ^ "Census 2020".
  13. ^ "Language Map Data Center". www.mla.org. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  14. ^ The 12 Largest Amish Communities (2017) at Amish America
  15. ^ "Office of Management and Budget". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ a b Promotions, Center for New Media and. "US Census Bureau 2010 Census". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  18. ^ Heckel, Matt (August 23, 2016). "County commissioner won't apologize for controversial Facebook post". WHTM. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  19. ^ "Lisa Nancollas resigns as Mifflin County commissioner | News, Sports, Jobs - The Sentinel". www.lewistownsentinel.com. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  20. ^ "Postal to serve as county commissioner | News, Sports, Jobs - The Sentinel". www.lewistownsentinel.com. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  21. ^ a b Center, Legislativate Data Processing. "Find Your Legislator". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  23. ^ Snyder, Union, Mifflin Child Development Report. Feb 2010
  24. ^ Sacred Heart School/Academics (accessed 23 May 2019)
  25. ^ County Observer (Manta, accessed 23 May 2019)
  26. ^ Anderson PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  27. ^ Anderson PA (MapQuest, accessed 23 May 2019)
  28. ^ Belltown PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  29. ^ Belltown PA (MapQuest, accessed 23 May 2019)
  30. ^ Hawstone PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  31. ^ Hawstone, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania (Hometown Locator, accessed 23 May 2019)
  32. ^ Little Kansas PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  33. ^ Little Kansas PA (MapQuest, accessed 23 May 2019)
  34. ^ Menno PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  35. ^ Menno PA (MapQuest, accessed 23 May 2019)
  36. ^ Naginey, Mifflin County PA (Roadside Thoughts Gazeteer; accessed 23 May 2019)
  37. ^ Naginey PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  38. ^ Ryde PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  39. ^ Ryde PA (MapQuest, accessed 23 May 2019)
  40. ^ Shindle PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  41. ^ Shindle PA (MapQuest, accessed 23 May 2019)
  42. ^ Union Mills PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  43. ^ Union Mills PA (MapQuest, accessed 23 May 2019)
  44. ^ Woodland PA - Google Maps (accessed 23 May 2019)
  45. ^ Woodland PA (MapQuest, accessed 23 May 2019)

Further reading[edit]

  • Raymond Martin Bell, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania: Families and Records before 1800. Washington PA (1987)
  • Raymond Martin Bell, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, in the Revolution, 1775-1783. Washington PA (1993)
  • Raymond Martin Bell, The Houses of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania. Washington PA (1970)
  • Forest K Fisher, Mifflin County. Charleston SC: Arcadia Publishing (2008)
  • I. Daniel Rupp, History of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania. Laughlintown PA: Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, n.d. [1983].
  • John Martin Stroup, The Amish of the Kishacoquillas Valley, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania: When Did They Come, and Why? What of the Future? Lewistown PA: Mifflin County Historical Society (1965)
  • John Martin Stroup and Raymond Martin Bell, The Genesis of Mifflin County Pennsylvania: Its Aborigines, Explorers, Early Settlement and Development, Indian Wars and The Revolution, and Formation as a County. Lewistown PA: Mifflin County Historical Society (1957)
  • John Martin Stroup and Raymond Martin Bell, The People of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, 1755-1798: Pioneer Settlers and Defenders of the Frontier During the Revolution. Lewistown, PA: Mifflin County Historical Society (1973)
  • John Martin Stroup and Raymond Martin Bell, The Pioneers of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania: Who's Who in the Early Records with an Account of the Growth of the County before 1790. Lewistown PA: Mifflin County Historical Society (1942)
  • The Cemeteries of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania. Lewistown PA: Mifflin County Historical Society (1977)
  • Two Hundred Years: A Chronological List of Events in the History of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania. Lewistown PA: Mifflin County Historical Society (1957)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°37′N 77°37′W / 40.61°N 77.62°W / 40.61; -77.62