Migapulle Arachchi

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Migapulle Arachchi (Tamil: சின்ன மிக்கப்பிள்ளை, lit. 'Ciṉṉa Mikkappiḷḷai') also known as Chinna Migapillai, was a feudal lord from the Jaffna Kingdom who became a rebel leader just after its annexation by the Portuguese Empire in 1619.[1]

History[edit]

He is considered to be a son of Periyapillai, an Aryacakravarti king, or a chieftain that was named Periya Pillai Arachchi.

After the death of Ethirimana Cinkam, the king of Jaffna Kingdom, was there three claimants to the throne. Cankili II usurped the throne by killing the other claimants, Arasakasari and Periya Pillai.[2] Upon this fled Migapulle to the Portuguese and embraced to Catholic Christianity, and took up the name Dom Luis. Migapulle joined other Christian mudaliyars and with other local support who were dissatisfied with the cruel rule of Cankili, rose to revolt.[3] However Migapulle broke off with the Portuguese and upon then seen as an enemy of them.

Cankili II was under the Portuguese made the governor of Jaffna in 1591 and paid tribute to them on the promise that he had no contact with the Karaiyar kinglet, who was wielding the power of the Jaffna Peninsula at that time.[2][4] Migapulle, a Karaiyar himself,[5] later on aligned with Cankili II and went to India and invited Raghunatha Nayak on March 1620, the king of Thanjavur Nayak kingdom.[6] They were eventually defeated by the Portuguese and a second rebellion was led by Varunakulattan, another Karaiyar chief, under the support of the Thanjavur Nayak captain Khem Nayak.[2] They were finally defeated in February 1621 by Phillippe de Oliveira.[6][7] The rebellion was put down with excessive brutality against the civilian population including mass murder and mutilations.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sabaratnam, Sri Lankan Tamil Struggle, Chapter 5
  2. ^ a b c Vriddhagirisan, V. (1995). Nayaks of Tanjore. Asian Educational Services. pp. 6, 78, 80. ISBN 9788120609969.
  3. ^ Peradeniya, University of Ceylon (1959). History of Ceylon: From c1500 to c1800. University of Ceylon Press Board. p. 116. ISBN 9789555890045.
  4. ^ Rambukwelle, P. B. (1996). The Period of Eight Kings. P.B. Rambukwelle. p. 96. ISBN 9789559556527.
  5. ^ Hellmann-Rajanayagam, Dagmar (2007). Von Jaffna nach Kilinocchi: Wandel des politischen Bewusstseins der Tamilen in Sri Lanka (in German). Ergon. p. 104. ISBN 9783899135442.
  6. ^ a b Abeyasinghe, Tikiri (1986). Jaffna under the Portuguese. Lake House Investments. pp. 11–12.
  7. ^ Gnanaprakasar, A Critical History of Jaffna, p.161-166
  8. ^ Pieris, Paulus Edward (1999). Ceylon and the Portuguese, 1505-1658. Asian Educational Services. p. 206. ISBN 9788120613720.

References[edit]