|• ISO 259||Migdal|
|• Type||Local council (from 1949)|
|• Head of Municipality||Israel Sason Amrosi|
|• Total||11,395 dunams (11.395 km2 or 4.400 sq mi)|
Migdal is built on the likely location of the classic era Magdala - a major Jewish town on the shores of the Lake of Galilee, which was destroyed during the First Jewish-Roman War in the 1st century CE.
In 1908, a small group of German Catholics who identified the site as the birthplace of Mary Magdalene settled there. They left after a year and the land was bought by Russian Zionists who founded a farm, Ahuzat Moskva (Moscow Estate) in 1910. This settlement was adjacent to the Arab village al-Majdal. A few years later, the land was sold to private investors. An encampment of Gdud HaAvoda workers who built the Tiberias-Rosh Pina road was established there in 1921.
In September 2009, a salvage dig of the Israel Antiquities Authority prior to the construction of a hotel revealed an ancient synagogue believed to date back some 2000 years, from 50 BCE to 100 CE. In the middle of a 120 sq.m. main hall, archaeologists discovered an unusual stone carved with a seven-branched menorah. It is the first of its kind to be discovered from the early Roman period. In addition to the engraved stone, the walls are decorated with brightly colored frescoes.
Archaeologists have continued excavating and have found a mikveh which is, as of 2014, on public display.