Migdal HaEmek

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Migdal HaEmek
  • מִגְדַּל הָעֶמֶק
  • مجدال هعيمق/مغدال هعيمق
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Migdal ha ʕemq
 • Also spelled Migdal HaEmeq (official)
Migdal haemek view.jpg
Official logo of Migdal HaEmek
Logo
Migdal HaEmek is located in Israel
Migdal HaEmek
Migdal HaEmek
Coordinates: 32°40′17″N 35°14′26″E / 32.67139°N 35.24056°E / 32.67139; 35.24056Coordinates: 32°40′17″N 35°14′26″E / 32.67139°N 35.24056°E / 32.67139; 35.24056
District Northern
Founded 1952 (following depopulation of Al-Mujaydil in 1948)
Government
 • Type City
 • Mayor Eliyahu Barda
Area
 • Total 7,637 dunams (7.637 km2 or 2.949 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 24,800
Name meaning Tower of the valley

Migdal HaEmek (Hebrew: מִגְדַּל הָעֶמֶק, also officially spelt Migdal HaEmeq, Arabic: مجدال هعيمق‎) is a city in the North District of Israel. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), at the end of 2007 the city had a total population of 24,800.[1] There is a tower to the north-east, above the town.

History[edit]

See also: Al-Mujaydil
Yad LaBanim soldiers memorial in Migdal HaEmek

Prior to 1953, the area nearest to which Migdal Haemek was founded was the an Arab village named al-Mujaydil which had existed since as early as 1596 during the Ottoman era.[2][3][4] In July 1948, the town was depopulated as a result of expulsion operations conducted by Yishuv Golani Brigade forces.[5]

Following the depopulation Migdal HaEmek began in 1953 as a ma'abara, before becoming a development town. The original site of the ma'abara was west of the current site, at Shimron hill. The chief rabbi of the city is Rabbi Yitzchak Dovid Grossman, who won the Israel Prize in 2004 for his social service work and outreach youth programs.

Every year volunteers from Habonim Dror come to Migdal HaEmek to volunteer in the community. Typically these roles include members of Kvutsat Yovel, and involve teaching in primary and secondary schools, and working with local Magen David Adom units.

Demographics[edit]

According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was all Jewish and other non-Arabs. There were 11,900 males and 12,200 females. More recently the Jewish Agency estimated Migdal HaEmek's population at 28,000, almost half foreign-born, from Russia, the Caucasus, Ethiopia, Morocco, Iraq and South America.

Education[edit]

According to CBS, there were 22 schools and 5,777 students in the city in 2001: 13 elementary schools (2,995 students), and 2 high schools (2,782 students). 47.8% of 12th grade students qualified for a matriculation certificate in 2001.

Economy[edit]

Many Israeli and global high tech companies are located in three industrial parks. Among the companies: Tower Semiconductor (foundry), RSL Electronics (Control and Diagnostic solutions for defence and commercial applications ), KLA-Tencor (inspection tools), CI Systems (electro-optical test systems, non contact temperature sensors and wet chemistry analyzers), Nilit (Nylon for textile industry and thermoplastics for industrial and commercial applications), Vishay Intertechnology (discrete and passive semiconductors components) and Enzymotec (functional lipids).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  2. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 187
  3. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  4. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.  Khalidi (1992), p.350
  5. ^ Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.

External links[edit]