Mighty Gabby performing live, February 2012
|Birth name||Anthony Carter|
30 March 1948 |
|Genres||Folk, ringbang, calypso|
Born in Emmerton, Carter was given the nickname "Gabby" as a child, and first had success as a calypsonian in 1968, when his "Heart Transplant" won him the title of Barbados Calypso Monarch. He won the title again in 1969 with "Family Planning", Rather than build on this success, he instead concentrated on acting for the next few years, joining the Barbados Theater Workshop and composing much of the music for its play Under the Duppy Parasol, which had a successful run in New York.
He returned to music, and carnival success, in 1976, his "Licks Like Fire" giving him the first of a string of victories at Crop Over. He was awarded the 'Folk Singer of the Year' for three successive years from 1977 to 1979 for "Riots in the Land", "Bridgetown", and "Bajan Fisherman". In 1979 he won the Crop Over Road March title with "Burn Mr Harding", and went on to tour Cuba.
Gabby courted controversy in 1985 with "Cadavers", a commentary on the Barbados government's decision to allow dead bodies from the US to be stored on the island; He was sued by the government, but Prime Minister Tom Adams died before the case came to court, and the plan was subsequently shelved. He continued to produce controversial material, including "The List", which dealt with AIDS, Jack" which criticised the local tourist industry for giving preferential treatment to foreign visitors, and "Boots", an attack on the government's assistance in the US invasion of Grenada.
He won the Calypso Monarch title for a third time in 1985 with ""West Indian Politician".
He won the Calypso Monarch title on four more occasions, in 1997, 1999, 2000, and 2010.
In 2004 he was named Cultural Ambassador of Barbados.
In 2007 Gabby was named a Nigerian chief in a service at the Sons of God Apostolic Spiritual Baptist Church in Ealing Grove, Christ Church, Barbados. Gabby, who had recently visited Nigeria, was given the name Omowale, which means "our son has returned". The service was also to coincide with the United Nations designated Black Civilisation Day.
Gabby is regarded as the "foremost folk singer in Barbados".
- Calypso Monarch: 1968, 1969, 1985, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2010
- Crop Over: 1976, 1977, 1985
- Folk Singer of the Year: 1977, 1978, 1979
- Crop Over Road March: 1979, 1982
- Across the Board (1989), Ice
- Large And In Charge (1991), Ice - with Grynner and Square One
- 500 Blue (1992), Ice - with Grynner
- Soca Trinity (1993), Ice - with Grynner and Bert "Panta" Brown
- 'Til Now (1996), Ice
- Best, Curwen (1999) Barbadian Popular Music and the Politics of Caribbean Culture, Schenkman Books Inc., ISBN 978-0870471117, p. 65
- Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, pp. 108–109
- Patton, John H. "Carter, Anthony", in Balderston, Daniel; Gonzalez, Mike; Lopez, Ana M. (2001) Encyclopedia of Contemporary Latin American and Caribbean Cultures, Routledge, ISBN 978-0415131889, p. 277
- Kuss, Malena (2006) Music in Latin America and the Caribbean: An Encyclopedic History, volume 2: Performing the Caribbean Experience, University of Texas Press, ISBN 978-0292709515, p. 351
- "Calypso Monarchs of Barbados", NCF. Retrieved 26 April 2016
- "'Master of the TV' gets a new theme song", 11 December 2011, Where in the World is Matt Lauer?, NBC
- Martindale, Carol (2012) "'Doctor' Gabby", Nation News, 20 October 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2016
- "Gabby named Nigerian chief". Barbados Daily Nation News. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
- Meredith, Sharon (2015) Tuk Music Tradition in Barbados, Routledge, ISBN 978-1472440273, p. 114
- Boyle, Tiffany (2015) "SEEING SCOTLAND: Gazes and Articulations", Map magazine, 20 November 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2016
- Millington, Janice (1999). "Barbados". Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Vol. 2. Routledge. pp. 813–821. ISBN 0-8153-1865-0.
- Chase, Barbara (2015) Who Gabby Think He Is?, Days Bookstore