Miguel Ángel Fernández Ordóñez

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Miguel Ángel Fernández Ordóñez
Time to rethink the ECB? (42216807504).jpg
Miguel Ángel Fernández Ordóñez giving a speech at a conference hosted by Positive Money Europe in Brussels (May 23, 2018)
68th Governor of the Bank of Spain
In office
8 March 2006 – 11 June 2012
PresidentJosé Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Mariano Rajoy
Preceded byJaime Caruana
Succeeded byLuis María Linde
Personal details
Born (1945-04-03) 3 April 1945 (age 75)
Madrid, Spain
Political partyPSOE
RelationsFrancisco Fernández Ordóñez (brother)
Alma materComplutense University of Madrid

Miguel Ángel Fernández Ordóñez (born 3 April 1945) is a Spanish economist and politician, member of the Socialist Workers' Party and former Governor of the Bank of Spain. He is the younger brother of Francisco Fernández Ordóñez, also a Socialist politician, and he is married to Inés Alberdi.


He was born in Madrid in 1945, he graduated in Law and Economic Science in the Complutense University of Madrid. He belongs to the Cuerpo de Técnicos Comerciales and State Economists.

He was secretary of State for the Economy, secretary of State for Commerce and Executive director of the International Monetary Fund. In 1992 he was appointed president of the Court of Defense of the Competition. Between 1995 and 1999 he was president of the Commission of the National Electric System. Between 2004 and March 2006 he was secretary of state for Internal Revenue. On 10 March he was appointed Counsellor of the Bank of Spain and member of its Executive Commission.

Cadena SER announced that Fernández Ordóñez would succeed Jaime Caruana as Governor of the Bank of Spain in July 2006 when Caruana finished his term. Minister of Economy and Finance Pedro Solbes confirmed this decision on 21 June 2006.

On 12 June 2012 he was replaced by Luis María Linde as governor of the Bank of Spain.

In 2018, Fernández Ordóñez came out in favour of a radical reform of the banking and monetary system. In several speeches[1][2] and opinion pieces[3][4] in Spanish media, he advocated for the introduction of a central bank digital currency in the Eurozone, a scheme under which citizens could have a current account directly at the central bank. Fernandez-Ordoñez thinks such system would make the financial system more stable and – paradoxically – less regulated (eg. it would make deposit guarantee schemes unnecessary):

digital money deposited in Central Banks does not need any protection from the State since their deposits are not “promises” to return money, rather they are simply money. Therefore, at no time would citizens run the risk of not being able to withdraw or transfer money from their deposits. The banking crises could no longer occur, with which citizens would stop suffering and paying the cost of these crises.[1]



  1. ^ a b Fernández Ordóñez, Miguel. "The Future of Banking: Secure Money and Deregulation of the Financial System" (PDF). *.
  2. ^ "Time to Rethink the European Central Bank?". Positive Money Europe. 2018-06-23. Retrieved 2018-10-03.
  3. ^ Ordoñez, Miguel Ángel Fernández (2018-04-20). "Tribuna | Un dinero revolucionario". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2018-10-03.
  4. ^ "Fernández Ordóñez aboga por reformar la banca para liberalizar las entidades". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-10-03.