Miguel Alvarez del Toro

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Miguel Alvarez del Toro
Born23 August 1917
Died2 August 1996 (aged 79)

Miguel Carlos Francisco Alvarez del Toro (23 August 1917–2 August 1996) was a Mexican biologist[1] who worked in the state of Chiapas as head of the Institute of Natural History. He was the first Mexican conservationist.


He was born in Colima, and later travelled to Mexico City with his family. He worked there as the director of a natural history museum. He was later hired by the government of Chiapas and moved to that state. Due to his close contact and friendship with politicians he became prominent and well-funded. He was married to Clementina Pérez.

Alvarez del Toro is the author of the following books: Los Reptiles de Chiapas (1960), Los Crocodylia de México (1974), Los Animales Silvestres de Chiapas (1952), ¡Así era Chiapas! (1985), Las Aves de Chiapas (1971), Arañas de Chiapas (1992), Chiapas y su biodiversidad (1993), and Comitán, una puerta al sur (1994).


The Zoológico Miguél Álvarez del Toro (ZOOMAT), a zoo, is named after him.

CIPAMEX, the Society for Study and Conservation of Mexican Birds, named a medal in his honor. It is given to ornithologists who have done a life's work for birds.

Environmentalist group Fundación Chiapaneca Miguel Alvarez del Toro para la Proteccion de la Naturaleza is also named after him.

The following species have been named after him:


  1. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2013). The Eponym Dictionary of Amphibians. Pelagic Publishing. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-907807-44-2.
  2. ^ a b c d Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Alvarez, M.", p. 6).

Further reading[edit]

  • "Miguel Alvarez del Toro," in Tom Taylor and Michael Taylor, Aves: A Survey of the Literature of Neotropical Ornithology, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Libraries, 2011.