Miguel Littín in 1994
9 August 1942 |
|Children||Cristina, Miguel Ioan and Catalina|
Miguel Ernesto Littín Cucumides (born 9 August 1942) is a Chilean film director, screenwriter, film producer and novelist. He was born to a Palestinian father, Hernán Littin and a Greek mother, Cristina Cucumides.
Miguel Littín directed the most popular Chilean film of all time, El Chacal de Nahueltoro (1969) becoming a figure of the New Latin American Cinema.
Littín was exiled in México shortly after Augusto Pinochet came to power in a military coup, which ousted the democratically elected socialist president Salvador Allende, on September 11, 1973. His 1973 film The Promised Land was entered into the Cannes Film Festival, New York film festival and the 8th Moscow International Film Festival.
In México he directed several films:
- Letters from Marusia, based on a miners strike in Chile. Letters from Marusia was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
- El Recurso del Método (Long Live the President) based on Alejo Carpentier's novel El Recurso del método (Reasons of State); a co-production with Mexico, France and Cuba.
- The Widow of Montiel, with Geraldine Chaplin, based on a Gabriel García Márquez short story.
After moving to Spain in 1984, Littín decided to enter Chile clandestinely to make a documentary that showed the condition of the country under the Pinochet regime. It was made the subject of Nobel Laureate Gabriel Garcia Marquez's book Clandestine in Chile: The Adventures of Miguel Littin.
He eventually returned to Chile where he continued to make films, among them Tierra del Fuego, based on the adventures of explorer Julius Popper; and Dawson, Isla 10, about a group of political prisoners sent to Dawson's Island during Pinochet's regime. Littín was the mayor of his home town in the center valley, Palmilla in 1992-94 and re-elected for the period 1996-2000.
His films Actas de Marusia and Alsino and the Condor were nominated by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for Best Film in a Foreign Language. Alsino and the Condor won the Golden Prize at the 13th Moscow International Film Festival.
|1969||El Chacal de Nahueltoro (Jackal of Nahueltoro)|
|1971||Compañero Presidente (Documentary)|
|1973||La Tierra Prometida (The Promised Land)|
|1974||Actas de Marusia (Letters from Marusia)|
|1978||El Recurso del método (Long Live the President)|
|1980||La Viuda de Montiel (The Widow of Montiel)|
|1981||Alsino y el Condor (Alsino and the Condor)|
|1986||Acta General de Chile (Documentary)|
|2000||Tierra del Fuego|
|2002||Los Caminos de la Ira; Cronicas Palestinas (Palestinian Chronicles) (Documentary)|
|2005||La Ultima Luna (The Last Moon)|
|2009||Dawson, Isla 10|
|2014||Allende en su Laberinto (Allende in his Maze)|
- "8th Moscow International Film Festival (1973)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
- "The 48th Academy Awards (1976) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2012-03-18.
- "12th Moscow International Film Festival (1981)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-04-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- "13th Moscow International Film Festival (1983)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-11-07. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- "27th Moscow International Film Festival (2005)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-04-14.