December 30, 1976 |
San Juan, Puerto Rico
|Labels||Miel, Marsalis Music|
|Associated acts||Miguel Zenón Quartet, SFJAZZ Collective|
Miguel Zenón (born December 30, 1976) is a Puerto Rican alto saxophonist, composer, band leader, music producer, and educator. He is a multiple Grammy Award nominee, and the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship and a MacArthur Fellowship. Zenón has released many albums as a band leader and appeared on over 70 recordings as a sideman.
Born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Zenón was raised in Residencial Luis Llorens Torres, the largest housing project in the Island. Although he didn't grow up in a family of musicians, he was nevertheless exposed to various styles of music from a very early age. At age 10 he received his first lessons on music theory and solfeggio from Ernesto Vigoreaux, an elderly gentleman who traveled from the adjacent neighborhood of Villa Palmeras to Llorens Torres every day in order to work with disadvantaged youth in the community. Zenón would eventually be admitted to Escuela Libre de Música, a performing arts middle school and high school where he was trained for six years on classical saxophone by Angel Marrero. On the 11th grade he was exposed to jazz music by some of his friends at the school and became very interested in the concept of improvisation and on the music of jazz saxophonist Charlie Parker. Although he had always shown interest on the natural sciences, he declined an engineering scholarship from the Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez (the foremost engineering institution in the Island) and decided to pursue a career in music. After a year and a half worth of efforts to gather enough funds in scholarships and financial aid, Zenón moved to Boston in the spring of 1996 to begin his studies at Berklee College of Music.
Education and session work
At Berklee, Zenón's classmates included Antonio Sánchez, Anat Cohen, Avishai Cohen, Jaleel Shaw, and Jeremy Pelt. During his time in Boston, he was heavily influenced by Bill Pierce, Ed Tomassi, and Hal Crook. It was also during this time that he met Panamanian pianist Danilo Pérez, who would become a mentor and collaborator. After graduating from Berklee in 1996, Zenón attended Manhattan School of Music, where he studied with Dick Oatts, Nils Vigeland and Ludmila Ulehla and received a master's degree in Performance in 2001 before settling in New York City. As a sideman, he has worked with Charlie Haden, Fred Hersch, Kenny Werner, Guillermo Klein & Los Guachos, David Sánchez, The Vanguard Jazz Orchestra, The Mingus Big Band, Ray Barreto, Jerry González & The Fort Apache Band, Jeff Ballard Trio, Bobby Hutcherson, Steve Coleman, Andy Montañez, Brian Lynch, Antonio Sánchez, Miles Okazaki, Paoli Mejías, David Gilmore, and Jason Lindner.
Zenón is a founding member of the SFJAZZ Collective, an octet assembled by SFJAZZ, a non-for-profit organization in San Francisco. The group rehearses arrangements and compositions by the members of the band and takes part in educational activities. Membership has included Joshua Redman, Bobby Hutcherson, Nicholas Payton, Brian Blade, Renee Rosnes, Joe Lovano, Dave Douglas, Robin Eubanks, Matt Penman, Eric Harland, Mark Turner, Avishai Cohen, and Warren Wolf. Zenón is the only original member that remains in the band. He has served as artistic director for the first two seasons of the SFJAZZ Center, with Bill Frisell, Jason Moran, Regina Carter, and John Santos.
The Miguel Zenón Quartet
In 1999 Zenón started getting together with Mexican drummer Antonio Sánchez (who he met at Berklee College of Music), Austrian bassist Hans Glawischnig (Zenón's bandmate in the David Sanchez Group) and Venezuelan pianist Luis Perdomo (a classmate of Glawischnig's at The Manhattan School of Music). They would meet for informal rehearsal sessions at Glawischnig's apartment in New York's Upper West Side and play through some of Zenón's early compositions. The group, which would eventually become the Miguel Zenón Quartet, soon started performing at various venues in the city, such as the C Note and The Jazz Gallery. In 2005 Sanchez began working regularly with The Pat Metheny Group, and was replaced in the Quartet by Puerto Rican drummer Henry Cole, for what has become the longest running version of the ensemble.
Recordings as leader
- Looking Forward – Fresh Sound New Talent (2002): Recommended by some of his piers, Miguel Zenón reached a deal with the Spanish record label Fresh Sound New Talent, which released his first album as a leader. The recording featured his working Quartet (with Perdomo, Glawischnig and Sanchez) and included many special guests, such as saxophonist David Sanchez, guitarist Ben Monder and percussionist Pernell Saturnino. The album was selected by the New York Times as the top "Alternative" jazz recording of 2002.
- Ceremonial – Marsalis Music (2004): After Zenón's first release, he was approached by saxophonist Branford Marsalis (whom Zenón had met while working with David Sanchez) to join his newly formed record label Marsalis Music. Zenón was signed to a multi-record deal and released his second album as a leader with the label. The album featured the Quartet performing his original compositions plus an arrangement of the Gospel Hymn "Great is Thy Faithfulness". Ceremonial was described by All About Jazz as a "recording (that) brings not only Latin persuasions but also a refined mix of contemporary, classic, and global influences… Highly recommended".
- Jíbaro – Marsalis Music (2005): His third recording as a leader featured original compositions inspired by elements coming from la La Música Jibara, a style of folk music from the rural areas of Puerto Rico. About Jíbaro, Jazz Times Magazine wrote: "A searing modern-jazz sound, a quartet sensibility that Zenon and his mates have spent years developing. The result is profound yet joyful, as rhythmically precise as it is lyrical and limber."
- Awake – Marsalis Music (2008): Zenón's fourth release, and the first to incorporate Henry Cole on the drum chair, incorporates a string quartet and additional horns to Zenón's core group for and outing of original compositions.
- Esta Plena – Marsalis Music (2009): His fifth album was inspired by Plena music from Puerto Rico, with original compositions supported by a fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation. On it Zenón augmented his quartet to include three percussionist/vocalists and took on the additional roles of both lyricist and vocalist. Esta Plena received two Grammy nominations (Best Improvised Solo and Best Latin Jazz Album) and a Latin Grammy nomination for Best Latin Jazz Album.
- Alma Adentro – Marsalis Music (2011): A tribute to the Puerto Rican Songbook on which Zenón arranged the music of five Puerto Rican composers: Bobby Capo, Tite Curet Alonso, Pedro Flores, Rafael Hernandez and Sylvia Rexach. The recording features his Quartet plus a ten-piece woodwind ensemble orchestrated and conducted by Guillermo Klein. Alma Adentro was chosen as the Best Jazz Recording of 2011 by iTunes and NPR, and received a Grammy nomination for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album plus a Latin Grammy nomination for Best Instrumental Album.
- Rayuela – Sunnyside Records (2012): A collaboration with French pianist/composer Laurent Coq, this album was inspired on the book of the same name by Argentinean writer Julio Cortazar. The recording also features Dana Leong (on cello and trombone) and Dan Weiss (on table, drums and percussion).
- Oye!!! Live in Puerto Rico – Miel Music (2013): Zenón's eight recording as a leader (and first for his independent label Miel Music) features the debut recording of The Rhythm Collective, an ensemble first put together in 2003 for a month long tour of West Africa. The "all Puerto Rican" group includes Aldemar Valentín on electric bass, Tony Escapa on drums and Reinaldo de Jesus on percussion.
- Identities Are Changeable – Miel Music (2014): Inspired by the idea of national identity as experienced by the Puerto Rican community in the United States, specifically in the New York City area. The music on the album was written around a series of interviews with several individuals, all of them New Yorkers of Puerto Rican descent. The album, which is also complemented by a video installment by David Dempewolf, features his Quartet plus a twelve-piece Big Band. Identities Are Changeable received a Grammy nomination for Best Latin Jazz Album.
- Típico – Miel Music (2017): Celebrates the Miguel Zenón Quartet, his working band of more than 15 years. The album features original music by Zenón, which was specifically written for the members of the Quartet and directly inspired by their individual playing and personalities.
Teaching and composing
Zenón has given hundreds of lectures and master classes and has taught all over the world at institutions which include: The Banff Centre, Berklee College of Music, Siena Jazz, Conservatorium Van Amsterdam, Musik Akademie Basel, Conservatoire de Paris, University of Manitoba, Manhattan School of Music, Columbia University, Princeton University, Universidad Veracruzana, UMass- Amherst and The Brubeck Institute. He is also a permanent faculty member at New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. As a composer he has been commissioned by SFJAZZ, The New York State Council for the Arts, Chamber Music America, The John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, Hyde Park Jazz Festival, The Logan Center for the Arts, Jazz Reach, Peak Performances, PRISM Quartet and many of his peers.
In 2011 Zenón founded Caravana Cultural, an initiative that organizes free-of-charge Jazz concerts in rural areas of Puerto Rico. Each concert focuses on the music of a distinguished jazz figure (Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, among others) and is preceded by a pre-concert presentation that touches on the basic elements of jazz and improvisation. The concert also incorporates young musicians from the community, who join the band on the last piece of the presentation. Caravana Cultural (which is funded and produced by Zenón) looks to make a “cultural investment” in the island using Jazz music as a vehicle, while at the same time expanding the audience for this genre in the Island.
Awards and honors
He has been featured in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Los Angeles Times, The Chicago Tribune, Bloomberg Pursuits, Jazz Times, Jazziz, Boston Globe, Billboard, Jazz Inside, Newsday, Details, as well as gracing the cover of Down Beat magazine on in 2010 and 2014. He has also topped the Rising Star Alto Sax category of the Down Beat Critic's Poll on four different occasions, topped both the Jazz Artist of the Year and Alto Saxophonist of the Year categories on the 2014 Jazz Times Critics Poll and was selected as the 2015 Alto Saxophonist of the Year by the Jazz Journalist Association. Zenón is a four-time Grammy nominee and a two-time Latin Grammy nominee. In 2008 he received a fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation (which resulted in his recording Esta Plena) and later that year also received a fellowship from the MacArthur Foundation.
Zenón lives with in Washington Heights area of New York City with his wife Elga and their daughter Elena.
- Looking Forward (Fresh Sound, 2002)
- Ceremonial (Marsalis Music, 2004)
- Jíbaro (Marsalis, 2005)
- Awake (Marsalis, 2008)
- Esta Plena (Marsalis, 2009)
- Alma Adentro: The Puerto Rican Songbook (Marsalis, 2011)
- Rayuela (with Laurent Coq) (Sunnyside, 2012)
- Oye!!! Live in Puerto Rico (with The Rhythm Collective) (Miel, 2013)
- Identities are Changeable (Miel, 2014)
- Típico (Miel, 2017)
With Jeff Ballard
- Time's Tales (Okeh, 2014)
With Ray Barreto
- Hommage to Art Blakey (Sunnyside, 2003)
With David Gilmore
- Numerology – Live at The Jazz Standard (2012)
With Hans Glawischnig
- Panorama (Sunnyside, 2008)
- Common Ground (Fresh Sound, 2003)
With Charlie Haden
- Not in Our Name (Verve, 2005)
- The Land of the Sun (Verve, 2004)
With Guillermo Klein
- Los Guachos V (Sunnyside, 2016)
- Carrera (Sunnyside, 2012)
- Bienestan (Sunnyside, 2011)
- Filtros (Sunnyside, 2008)
- Los Guachos 3 (2002)
With Jason Lindner
- Live at The Jazz Gallery (Ansic, 2007)
With Brian Lynch
- Spheres of Influence Suite (Ewe, 2006)
- 24/7 (Nagel Heyer, 2005)
With The Mingus Big Band
- I Am Three (2005)
With Paoli Mejias
- Jazzambia (2008)
- Transcend (2006)
- Mi Tambor (2004)
With Andy Montañez
- Sueño (November 2012)
With Miles Okazaki
- Figurations (Sunnyside, 2012)
- Generations (Sunnyside, 2009)
- Mirror (2006)
With Luis Perdomo
- Links (Criss Cross, 2013)
- Focus Point (RKM, 2004)
With PRISM Quartet
- Heritage/Evolution Vol. 1 (Innova, 2015)
With Antonio Sanchez
- Live in New York at The Jazz Standard (CAM Jazz, 2010)
With David Sanchez
- Coral (Sony, 2004)
- Travesía (Columbia, 2002)
- Melaza (Columbia, 2001)
With SFJAZZ Collective
- Live at The SFJAZZ Center 2015 (SFJAZZ, 2016)
- Live at The SFJAZZ Center 2014 (SFJAZZ, 2015)
- 10th anniversary (SFJAZZ, 2014)
- Live at The SFJAZZ Center (SFJAZZ, 2013)
- Wonder – The Songs of Stevie Wonder (SFJAZZ, 2013)
- Live 2011 8th Annual Concert Tour (SFJAZZ, 2011)
- Live 2010 7th Annual Concert Tour (SFJAZZ, 2010)
- Live 2009 6th Annual Concert Tour (SFJAZZ, 2009)
- Live 2008 5th Annual Concert Tour (SFJAZZ, 2008)
- Live 2007 4th Annual Concert Tour (SFJAZZ, 2007)
- Live 2006 3rd Annual Concert Tour (SFJAZZ, 2007)
- SFJAZZ Collective 2 (Nonesuch, 2006)
- Live 2005 2nd Annual Concert Tour (SFJAZZ, 2006)
- SFJAZZ Collective (Nonesuch, 2005)
- Inaugural Season 2004 (SFJAZZ, 2004)
With Kenny Werner
- Coalition (Half Note, 2014)
With Dan Weiss
- Sixteen: Drummers Suite (Pi Recordings, 2016)/ 
With Jonathan Suazo
- Extracts of a Desire
- "Saxophonist Miguel Zenon mines the Puerto Rican songbook". LA Times Blogs - Culture Monster. 2011-11-18. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- "John S Guggenheim Fellowship".
- "Miguel Zenón — MacArthur Foundation". www.macfound.org. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- "Miguel Zenón". miguelzenon.com. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- "El genio del jazz que salió de Lloréns Torres (galería y video)". Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "ODA A LA LIBRE - PROMO". Vimeo. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Jazz Departments: Miguel Zenon - By John Murph — Jazz Articles". jazztimes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Berklee to Present Luis Alvarez with George Wein Impresario Award | Berklee College of Music". www.berklee.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Ryzik, Melena (2015-01-18). "Danilo Pérez Builds a Magnet for Musicians in Panama". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Alumni Profile: Miguel Zenon '98 | Berklee College of Music". www.berklee.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Manhattan School of Music — Jazz Schools". jazztimes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "SFJAZZ Collective | SFJAZZ". www.sfjazz.org. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Jazz Reviews: Concert Review: Miguel Zenón at the SFJAZZ Center, May 22–25 - By Bill Beuttler — Jazz Articles". jazztimes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- TheJazzsphere (2013-06-26), Miguel Zenon - "Jibaro", retrieved 2016-11-29
- WBGO (2013-05-20), Miguel Zenon Quartet - Live at the Village Vanguard - 5.15.13, retrieved 2016-11-29
- "Miguel Zenon - Looking Forward - Blue Sounds". Blue Sounds. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Ratliff, Ben (2003-02-04). "IN PERFORMANCE: JAZZ; Soft and Easy Does It Or Energetic Boogaloo". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Miguel Zenón | Marsalis Music". www.marsalismusic.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Jazz, All About. "Miguel Zenon: Ceremonial". www.allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Jazz Reviews: JibaroMiguel Zenon - By David R. Adler — Jazz Articles". jazztimes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Saxophonist Zenón gets two Grammy nods". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Esta Plena Receives Latin Grammy Nomination! | Marsalis Music". www.marsalismusic.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "The Best Jazz Of 2011". NPR.org. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Jazzy Competition". The GRAMMYs. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Eight Alumni Nominated for 17 Latin Grammy Awards | Berklee College of Music". www.berklee.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Bossa, Jazz N. (2015-12-08). "Puerto Rico Jazz: Internationally Renowned Saxophonist/Composer Miguel Zenón's Identities are Changeable Earns Grammy Nomination for "Best Latin Jazz Album"". Puerto Rico Jazz. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Banff 2007 | Greenleaf Music - Dave Douglas jazz blog and store". www.greenleafmusic.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "All About Jazz Gallery".
- "Saxophone - Conservatorium van Amsterdam - Amsterdam University of the Arts". www.ahk.nl. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Miguel Zenón volverá a Xalapa, ahora a JazzUV". Formato Siete. 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Saxophonist Miguel Zenon to perform Oct. 18". Office of News & Media Relations | UMass Amherst. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "News | Brubeck Institute". brubeckinstitute.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Miguel Zenón". New England Conservatory. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Ratliff, Ben (2004-06-05). "JAZZ REVIEW; Inspired by the Complexities Of Back-Country Troubadours". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Ratliff, Ben (2008-12-03). "Miguel Zenón Focuses on Puerto Rican Plena". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Miguel Zenon world premiere". Hyde Park Jazz Festival. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "JazzReach". www.jazzreach.org. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Ratliff, Ben (2012-02-07). "The Saxophonist Miguel Zenón at Montclair State". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Heritage/Evolution 2: PRISM Quartet with Tim Ries & Miguel Zenón at Symphony Space". PRISM Quartet. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Miguel Zenón". www.miguelzenon.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Holden, Jon Pareles, Stephen; Chinen, Nate (2014-11-03). "Albums by Neil Young, Bette Midler and Miguel Zenón". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Blumenfeld, Larry (2013-12-04). "Jazz Man Revisits His Two Homes". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Reich, Howard. "Saxophonist Zenon gives 36th Jazz Festival its pinnacle". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "The Art of Tux" (PDF).
- "Jazz Times" (PDF).
- "Miguel Zenón lets his rhythms follow a changing culture - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Miguel Zenon turns traditional Puerto Rican sounds into innovative jazz". Heavy Sounds and The Abstract Truth. 2008-04-28. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Downbeat 2010" (PDF).
- "Downbeat 2014" (PDF).
- "DownBeat Magazine". www.downbeat.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Jazz Articles: The 2012 Expanded Critics' Poll - By JazzTimes — Jazz Articles". jazztimes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "2015 JJA Jazz Awards WINNERS". JJA Jazz Awards 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- Miguel Zenon's artist page
- Identities are Changeable on All Things Considered NPR feature
- Identities are Changeable on Jazz Night in America NPR feature
- Works by or about Miguel Zenón in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- "Miguel Zenón collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
- "Miguel Zenon: Jazz Sherpa " by Lawrence Peryer (AllAboutJazz.com), October 10, 2011 - extensive interview
- San Francisco Jazz Collective - official site on sfjazz.com, 2008