The son of an Orthodox priest, Mihai Șora studied philosophy at the University of Bucharest from 1934 to 1938, where he was a student of Mircea Eliade. From 1939 to 1948 he studied in Paris and Grenoble on a fellowship granted by the French government. He joined the French Resistance during World War II. 
After travelling back to Romania in 1948, Șora was prevented from returning to France. Barred from holding a teaching appointment in communist Romania, he nevertheless became an influential editor. Șora's family emigrated to the West in the 1970s, and he was allowed to visit them in the 1980s, but he was forced to publish under pseudonyms rather than use his own name.
In March 1989 he joined intellectuals protesting the treatment of dissident poet Mircea Dinescu. After the fall of Nicolae Ceaușescu in December 1989, he briefly served as minister of education in Petre Roman's postrevolutionary coalition. He was one of only two cabinet members to endorse the March 1990 Timisoara Proclamation, which unsuccessfully proposed a law to prevent former Securitate members from occupying leading political positions. He was a member of the Group for Social Dialogue, writing for its weekly publication Revista 22, and the Civic Alliance Foundation, which later became the Civic Alliance Party.
He has been married twice: the first time with writer Mariana Klein (1917–2011), in 1939, with whom he has three children, and the second time with Luiza Palanciuc, an essayist and poet, in 2014. He turned 100 in November 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mihai Șora.|
- Pecican, Ovidiu (September 22–29, 2006). "Un om liber este ambasadorul perplexitatii" (in Romanian). Dilema Veche. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
- Alexandrescu, Raluca (August 2000). "Proiecte culturale indreptate catre spatiul public (I). Interviu cu Mihai SORA" (in Romanian). Observator cultural. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
- Aurelia Craiutu (2010). "Mihai Șora: A Philosopher of Dialogue and Hope". In Costica Bradatan; Serguei Oushakine. In Marx's Shadow: Knowledge, Power, and Intellectuals in Eastern Europe and Russia. Lexington Books. pp. 261–. ISBN 978-0-7391-3626-3. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- ""O zi la batrinete trece mult mai repede". Dialog Mariana SORA" (in Romanian). Observator cultural. May 2007. Retrieved July 2014. Check date values in:
- "Scriitoarea Mariana Sora a incetat din viata, la varsta de 94 de ani" (in Romanian). HotNews.ro. December 21, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
- Mihai Şora s-a căsătorit la 98 de ani "Filosoful Mihai Şora s-a CĂSĂTORIT la 98 de ani" Check
|url=value (help) (in Romanian). adevarul.ro. July 22, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Lucian Vasilescu (2016-11-07). "Filosoful Mihai Şora, la aniversarea de 100 de ani – amintirea unui gest" (in Romanian). mediafax.ro. Retrieved 2016-11-15.
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