19 September 1908|
Helsinki, Grand Duchy of Finland
|Died||26 August 1979
|Occupation||Author, translator, academician|
Mika Toimi Waltari ( pronunciation (help·info)) (19 September 1908 – 26 August 1979) was a Finnish writer, best known for his best-selling novel The Egyptian (Finnish: Sinuhe egyptiläinen). He was extremely productive, and wrote in addition to novels also poetry, short stories, criminal novels, plays, essays, travel stories, film scripts and rhymed texts for comic strips.
Waltari was born in Helsinki and lost his father, a Lutheran pastor, at the age of five. As a boy, he witnessed the Finnish Civil War in Helsinki. Later he enrolled in the University of Helsinki as a theology student, according to his mother's wishes, but soon abandoned theology in favour of philosophy, aesthetics and literature, graduating in 1929. While studying, he contributed to various magazines and wrote poetry and stories, getting his first book published in 1925. In 1927 he went to Paris where he wrote his first major novel Suuri illusioni ('The Grand Illusion'), a story of bohemian life. In terms of style, the novel is considered to be the Finnish equivalent to the works of the American writers of the Lost Generation. (In Waltari's historical novel The Adventurer, taking place in the 16th century, the hero is a Finn who wanders through Europe meeting many important characters of the time and ends up in Constantinopole working for the Ottoman Empire). Waltari also was, for a while, a member of the liberal literary movement Tulenkantajat, though his political and social views later turned conservative. He was married in 1931 and had a daughter, Satu, who also became a writer.
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Waltari worked as a journalist and critic, writing for a number of newspapers and magazines and travelling widely in Europe. He directed the magazine Suomen Kuvalehti. At the same time, he kept writing books in many genres, moving easily from one literary field to another. He had a very busy schedule and strict work ethic. It has been claimed that he also suffered from insomnia and depression, sometimes to the extent of needing hospital treatment. He participated, and often succeeded, in literary competitions to prove the quality of his work to critics. One of these competitions gave rise to one of his most popular characters, Inspector Palmu, a gruff detective of the Helsinki police department, who starred in three mystery novels, all of which were filmed (a fourth film was made without Waltari involved). Waltari also scripted the popular cartoon Kieku ja Kaiku and wrote Aiotko kirjailijaksi, a guidebook for aspiring writers that influenced many younger writers such as Kalle Päätalo.
World War II and international break-through
During the Winter War (1939–1940) and the Continuation War (1941–1944), Waltari worked in the government information center, now also placing his literary skills at the service of political propaganda. 1945 saw the publication of Waltari's first and most successful historical novel, The Egyptian. Its theme of the corruption of humanist values in a materialist world seemed curiously topical in the aftermath of World War II, and the book became an international bestseller, serving as the basis of the 1954 Hollywood movie of the same name. Waltari wrote seven more historical novels, placed in various ancient cultures, among others The Dark Angel, set during the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. In these novels, he gave powerful expression to his fundamental pessimism and also, in two novels set in the Roman Empire, to his Christian conviction. After the war, he also wrote several novellas. He became a member of the Finnish Academy in 1957 and received an honorary doctorate at the University of Turku in 1970.
Waltari was one of the most prolific Finnish writers. He wrote at least 29 novels, 15 novellas, 6 collections of stories or fairy-tales, 6 collections of poetry and 26 plays, as well as screen plays, radio plays, non-fiction, translations, and hundreds of reviews and articles. He is also internationally the best-known Finnish writer, and his works have been translated into more than 30 languages.
Waltari's last two novels tell about early history of Christianity: Valtakunnan salaisuus (English title: The Secret of the Kingdom 1959), and Ihmiskunnan viholliset (English title: The Roman 1964). As a member of Academy of Science and Letters he guided younger writers. He was also involved in re-publishing and editing his early works, and gave long interviews to Ritva Haavikko which were published as a book.
The 100th anniversary of Mika Waltari's birth was celebrated by selecting the writer as the main motif for a high value commemorative coin, the €10 Mika Waltari commemorative coin, minted in 2008. The reverse depicts a vigilant Pharaoh watchdog referencing his famous book. The obverse is decorated with Waltari's signature and a stylized pen nib that symbolizes the diversity of the writer’s production.
Two asteroids have been named in honour of Waltari: n:o 4266 Mika Waltari and n:o 4512 Sinuhe.
Works translated into English
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mika Waltari|
- A Stranger Came to the Farm (Vieras mies tuli taloon, 1937)
- From Father to Son (Isästä poikaan, 1942)
- The Egyptian (Sinuhe egyptiläinen, 1945, abridged translation)
- The Adventurer (Mikael Karvajalka, 1948)
- A Nail Merchant at Nightfall (Neljä päivänlaskua, 1949)
- The Wanderer (Mikael Hakim, 1949)
- The Dark Angel (Johannes Angelos, 1952)
- The Etruscan (Turms kuolematon, 1955)
- The Secret of the Kingdom (Valtakunnan salaisuus, 1959)
- The Roman (Ihmiskunnan viholliset, 1964)
- Moonscape (Kuun maisema, 1953)
- The Tree of Dreams (Koiranheisipuu, 1961)
- Liukkonen, Petri. "Mika Waltari". Authors Calendar. Finland.
- Envall, Markku. "Waltari, Mika (1908–1979)". Kansallisbiografia. Biografiakeskus, Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. Retrieved 2015-10-25.
- Haavikko, Ritva (ed.): Mika Waltari. Ihmisen ääni: Nöyryys ja intohimo. WSOY 1978. ISBN 951-0-08913-3
- "Waltari, Mika" (in Finnish). Yle. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
- "Kuningasajatus / The Leading Thought (The Mika Waltari Memorial)". Helsinki Art Museum. Retrieved 2015-10-25.
- Järvelä, Juha (2013). Kaksi maailmaa? Sukupuoli Mika Waltarin kirjailijakuvassa, teksteissä ja niiden vastaanotossa 1925–1939 (Ph.D. thesis with English abstract). Jyväskylä Studies in Humanities, 206 (in Finnish). University of Jyväskylä. ISBN 978-951-39-5220-4. ISSN 1459-4331.
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