|United States Senator
January 3, 1999
Serving with Jim Risch
|Preceded by||Dirk Kempthorne|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Idaho's 2nd district
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1999
|Preceded by||Richard Stallings|
|Succeeded by||Mike Simpson|
|37th President pro tempore of the Idaho Senate|
December 1, 1988 – December 1, 1992
|Preceded by||Jim Risch|
|Succeeded by||Jerry Twiggs|
|Member of the Idaho Senate
from the 32nd district
December 1, 1984 – December 1, 1992
|Succeeded by||Mel Richardson|
|Born||Michael Dean Crapo
May 20, 1951
Bonneville County, Idaho, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Susan Hasleton (1974–present)|
|Alma mater||Brigham Young University
Harvard Law School
|Religion||The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|
Michael Dean "Mike" Crapo (// KRAY-poh; born May 20, 1951) is the senior United States Senator from the state of Idaho, elected to office in 1998. A Republican, he previously served as the United States Representative for Idaho's 2nd congressional district from 1993 to 1999.
Born in the city of Idaho Falls, Crapo is a graduate of Brigham Young University and Harvard Law School. He practiced law in his home city throughout the 1980s, while also maintaining an active role in local Republican politics. His brother Terry Crapo was majority leader in the Idaho House of Representatives from 1968 to 1972 and an influential political figure until his death from leukemia in 1982. After his brother's death, Crapo successfully ran for the Idaho Senate in 1984. Crapo served as Senate President pro tempore from 1988 to 1992.
Crapo was elected to an open seat in Congress in 1992, representing Idaho's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives. After three terms in the House, he ran for the open seat in the U.S. Senate in 1998 when Dirk Kempthorne vacated it to run for governor. Crapo was elected with 70% of the vote, and became the first Mormon to represent Idaho in the Senate. He ran unopposed in the 2004 election, a rarity in the Senate. He was re-elected again in 2010 with 71% of the vote.
Crapo had said that as a Mormon he abstained from using alcohol, but he pleaded guilty to a drunk driving charge on January 4, 2013. He was fined $250 and received a one-year suspension of his driver's license.
Crapo was born in Idaho Falls, Idaho, the son of Melba (née Olsen) and George Lavelle Crapo. His brother Terry was 12 years older. He is distantly related to Henry Howland Crapo, who served as Governor of Michigan from 1865 to 1869, and William Crapo Durant, Henry's grandson, who founded General Motors. He graduated from Idaho Falls High School in 1969. He earned a B.A. in political science from Brigham Young University in 1973 and a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1977.
Early political career
Crapo served for one year as clerk to Judge James M. Carter at the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. He returned to Idaho to practice as a lawyer, joining his brother's law firm of Holden Kidwell Hahn & Crapo in Idaho Falls.
In the 1980s, he became active in the Republican Party's campaigns for seats in the state legislature. His brother Terry Crapo served in Idaho House of Representatives for four years as majority leader (1968 to 1972) and was considered a rising star in Idaho politics.
Following his brother Terry's death from leukemia in 1982, Mike ran for an open seat in the Idaho Senate. He was elected to the State Senate in 1984, where he served until 1992. In 1988, Senate President pro tempore Jim Risch unexpectedly lost reelection to the Idaho Senate, and Crapo was elected by his colleagues to the president's position. He served as senate president pro tempore from 1988 to 1992.
On January 27, 1989 he served as acting governor of Idaho for 12 hours. Governor Cecil D. Andrus was out of the state testifying before Congress, and then-Lieutenant Governor Butch Otter was out of the state on business for his employer Simplot. Due to laws of succession, the president pro tempore is next in line. Andrus, a Democrat, left Crapo a note saying, "Don't do anything I wouldn't do.... P.S. The chair is comfortable, isn't it?" 
Crapo was elected to Congress in 1992, representing Idaho's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives. He was elected to the House for a total of three terms from 1993 until 1999. He ran and won election to the U.S. Senate in 1998.
Crapo was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1998, gaining the seat of Republican Dirk Kempthorne, who stepped down to run successfully for governor. In his Senate bid, as in his House campaigns, Crapo's campaign made signs that had a macron placed over the "a" in his name (Crāpo) to indicate its correct pronunciation ("Cray-poe").
He was re-elected in 2004 with 99% of the vote, with the other 1% going to write-in candidates. He was the only Senate candidate in 2004 to run unopposed on the ballot.
In the 111th Congress, Crapo served on the following Senate committees: Banking, Housing and Urban Development; Budget; Environment and Public Works; Indian Affairs; and Finance. He co-chairs the Senate Nuclear Caucus, the Canada-U.S. Inter-parliamentary Group (IPG); the COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Caucus, which he founded; and the Congressional Sportsmen's Caucus.
Crapo became the state's senior senator when the 111th United States Congress convened on January 3, 2009, succeeding Larry Craig, who decided not to seek re-election. At the convening of the 112th United States Congress, Crapo is ranked 39th in seniority in the Senate.
He opposed President Barack Obama's health reform legislation, voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009, and again voted against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.
In April 2013, Crapo was one of forty-six senators to vote against the passing of a bill which would have expanded background checks for all gun buyers. He voted with 40 Republicans and 5 Democrats to stop the passage of the bill. The New York Times had predicted a 0% chance of Crapo voting for the bill.
The New York Times noted that Crapo became "something of a hero among advocates of bipartisanship" for his involvement in the "Gang of Six".
His view on senatorial responsibilities for Supreme Court nominees has evolved. Regarding President George Bush's 2006 nomination of Samuel Alito, Crapo said in a press release, "All of the President's nominees deserve up-and-down votes and not efforts to obstruct judicial nominees for political purposes. Judges are not politicians, and hopefully, Judge Alito's nomination will put an end to the politics which have crept into the nomination process." But, in contrast in 2016, his press release regarding President Obama's nomination of Merrick Garland to replace the late Antonin Scalia said,
“The Constitution gives the President the right to make nominations to the Supreme Court, with the advice and consent of the Senate. As part of its role in this process, the Senate may, at its discretion, withhold consent. The next Supreme Court justice will make decisions that affect every American and shape our nation’s legal landscape for decades. Therefore, the current Supreme Court vacancy should be filled by an individual nominated by the next President of the United States.”
- Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
- Committee on the Budget
- Committee on Environment and Public Works
- Committee on Finance
- Committee on Indian Affairs
- International Conservation Caucus
- Senate Diabetes Caucus
- Senate Nuclear Cleanup Caucus (co-chair)
- Senate Renewables and Energy Efficiency Caucus (co-chair)
- Sportsmen's Caucus (co-chair)
- Western Water Caucus
- Zero Capital Gains Tax Caucus
Crapo introduced S. 700, legislation to update and improve conservation incentives for landowners to protect endangered and threatened species through tax benefits. The legislation is supported by a broad array of prominent environmental advocacy organizations and outdoor recreationists. This bipartisan, widely supported legislation has twice been approved by the Senate Finance Committee. Crapo has promoted two other environmental initiatives that continue that collaborative approach. He sponsored a local working group partnership in Owyhee County, Idaho, to protect and preserve sensitive ecological and riverine areas in the county, while ensuring the cooperation of landowners and grazers in the area. The Owyhee Initiative working group brings together a wide variety of stakeholders: local tribal members, ranchers, people who use the area for recreation, land managers, environmentalists, and county leaders. The process has been endorsed by editorials in local papers, including the Boise-based Idaho Statesman newspaper. Another collaboration promoted by Crapo is the Elk Cooperative, a loose working group of tribal members, wildlife officials, and recreators to identify plans to preserve stable populations of elk in northern Idaho.
Project SEARCH (Special Environmental Assistance for the Regulation of Communities and Habitat) has been approved in several Congresses, most recently authorized in an amendment of the 2002 Farm Bill. It provides grants to small communities, to assist rural communities throughout the country with planning and engineering grants for environmental infrastructure projects necessary to meet the requirements of water and wastewater regulations.
Crapo partnered with the Environmental Protection Agency (United States) to provide funding and technical assistance to the Coeur d'Alene Basin Planning Commission, a partnership of state, local, community, and federal officials charged with implementing restoration of formerly contaminated Superfund areas in the Silver Valley of North Idaho. In 2006, Crapo was given the lowest possible score (0%) by the League of Conservation Voters for his voting record in the Senate. Combined with his score of 5% in 2005, he has a lifetime score of 4%. The LCV uses selected set of votes to determine the scoring for its yearly rating.
Crapo had voted for offshore drilling and drilling in the Arctic refuge. He voted against funding to help "low-income families insulate and weatherize their homes", against funding for the environment and natural resources, against independent review of Army Corps of Engineers (COE) projects, and for having the COE review themselves.
On April 17, 2013, Crapo voted against the bipartisan Toomey-Manchin Gun Control Amendment, which would expand federal background checks to include gun shows and online sales, while exempting private sales between individuals. Despite receiving majority support, the amendment failed to garner the 60 votes necessary to overcome a filibuster by Republicans.
Crapo was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1999 and underwent a radical prostatectomy in January 2000. He had a full recovery and was declared cancer-free at that time. He had a recurrence in 2005 of prostate cancer, and he underwent a series of radiation treatments. He has become active in advocating early detection tests for cancer and other treatable diseases. Crapo has also pushed to create a federal Office of Men's Health.
Crapo was arrested on December 23, 2012, for DUI after running a red light in Alexandria, Virginia, at around 12:45 am EST. He failed field sobriety tests, registering a blood alcohol content of 0.11 percent. Hours after his arrest, Crapo issued a public apology for his behavior. Various Idaho media outlets were critical of Crapo's arrest, particularly in light of the temperance beliefs of his religion.
On January 4, 2013, Crapo pleaded guilty to a drunk driving charge and received the standard punishment for a first-time offender in Virginia: $250 fine and court costs, one-year suspension of his driver's license, and court-ordered alcohol education and awareness classes. He successfully completed all. Following his court appearance, Crapo held a news conference outside the Alexandria courthouse, again apologizing and providing a more complete explanation regarding his actions as well as his intention to regain the trust of Idahoans.
|U.S. House of Representatives 2nd District Republican Primary election in Idaho, 1996|
|Republican||Mike Crapo (inc.)||51,778||86%|
|Year||Democratic||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|1992||J. D. Williams||81,450||35%||Mike Crapo||139,783||61%||Steven L. Kauer||Independent||4,917||2%||David W. Mansfield||Independent||3,807||2%|
|1994||Penny Fletcher||47,936||25%||Mike Crapo||143,593||75%|
|1996||John D. Seidl||67,625||29%||Mike Crapo||157,646||69%||John Butler||Natural Law||3,977||2%|
|U.S. Senate Republican Primary election in Idaho, 1998|
|U.S. Senate Republican Primary election in Idaho, 2010|
|Republican||Mike Crapo (inc.)||127,332||79%|
|Republican||Claude "Skip" Davis, III||33,150||21%|
|1998||Bill Mauk||107,375||28%||Mike Crapo||262,966||70%||George J. Mansfeld||Natural Law||7,833||2%|
|2004||(no candidate)||Mike Crapo (inc.)||499,796||99%||Scott F. McClure||Write-in||4,136||1%|
|2010||Tom Sullivan||112,057||25%||Mike Crapo (inc.)||319,953||71%||Randy Bergquist||Constitution||17,429||4%|
- "U.S. senator Mike Crapo pleads guilty to DWI charge". klewtv.com. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
- "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records". Senate.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- Silver, Nate (April 18, 2013). "Modeling the Senate's Vote on Gun Control". The New York Times.
- Weisman, Jonathan (20 July 2012). "Tax Loopholes Block Efforts to Close Gaping U.S. Deficit". New York Times. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- "Mike Crapo, U.S. Senate: General CRESA Information". Crapo.senate.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- "National Environmental Scorecard" (PDF). League of Conservation Voters. 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- "Mike Crapo Bio". obamatwits.com. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Sen. Mike Crapo". National Journal Almanac. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "DUI charge: Jan. 4 court date for Idaho Sen. Crapo". Seattle PI. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Sen. Michael Crapo arrested on DUI in Virginia". Political Eye. CBS News. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Mike Crapo Drunk Driving", Politico
- "U.S. senator Mike Crapo pleads guilty to DWI charge". klewtv.com. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- "Sen. Crapo's DUI bust is latest Idaho politician scandal". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- "Crapo apologizes after DUI arrest". Retrieved 2016-08-12.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2007-08-08.
Media related to Mike Crapo at Wikimedia Commons
- Senator Mike Crapo official U.S. Senate site
- Mike Crapo for Senate
- Mike Crapo at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Idaho's 2nd congressional district
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Idaho
1998, 2004, 2010, 2016
|Senate Republican Chief Deputy Whip
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Idaho
Served alongside: Larry Craig, Jim Risch
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Senators by seniority