Mike Friedrich, 1982
|Born||March 27, 1949|
Justice League of America
|Awards||Inkpot Award 1980|
Mike Friedrich (//; born March 27, 1949) is an American comic book writer and publisher best known for his work at Marvel and DC Comics, and for publishing the anthology series Star*Reach, one of the first independent comics. He is also an artists representative.
Early life and career
Mike Friedrich, who is unrelated to fellow Silver Age of Comics writer Gary Friedrich, entered comics professionally after years of writing to DC letter columns in the 1960s and developing a mail acquaintanceship with the famously responsive editor Julius Schwartz. "My letter-writing began around the time the 'new look' Batman was introduced, though I'd been a fan of Julie's for two or three years before then. A couple of years later it turned into a bit of correspondence as Julie began to send short replies," Friedrich recalled. Schwartz, after rejecting an Elongated Man story Friedrich submitted, bought Friedrich's first professional script on May 10, 1967, a 10-page Robin backup story ("Menace of the Motorcycle Marauders", drawn by penciler Chic Stone and inker Joe Giella) and eventually published in Batman #202 (cover-dated June 1968) as Friedrich's third published comics story.
Friedrich used the $10-per-page payment to visit New York City the following month, after his high school graduation, and took a DC Comics tour in order to meet Schwartz in person. "That first summer," Friedrich recalled, "he worked with me on a handful of scripts, including the one that was first to be published, The Spectre #3" (April 1968; reprinted in Adventure Comics Digest #496, Feb. 1983), in which Friedrich teamed with artist Neal Adams on the 25-page supernatural superhero story, "Menace of the Mystic Mastermind". Almost immediately afterward, the same month, Friedrich published the full-length Batman story "The Man Who Radiated Fear", penciled by Stone ghosting for Bob Kane, in Batman #200 (March 1968).
DC and Marvel Comics
Friedrich quickly began writing stories for a number of DC publications, including Challengers of the Unknown, Detective Comics, The Flash and Teen Titans. With penciler Jerry Grandenetti in Showcase #80 (Feb. 1969), he reintroduced the supernatural-mystery story narrator the Phantom Stranger, created by John Broome and Carmine Infantino in 1952. He wrote the 30th anniversary Batman story in Detective Comics #387 (May 1969) which was drawn by Bob Brown. Friedrich's first extended run on a title was on the superhero-team series Justice League of America from #86–99 (Dec. 1970 – June 1972); in the story "The Most Dangerous Dreams of All" in issue #89 (May 1971), he himself makes a cameo appearance and breaks the fourth wall at a time when such experimentation in the mainstream was rare. He had previously scripted "His Name Is... Kane", in House of Mystery #180 (June 1969), in which the short tale's penciler, Gil Kane, stars as an artist drawing for DC Comics and venturing into the physical House of Mystery. Friedrich co-created Merlyn in Justice League of America #94 (Nov. 1971) and the character was adapted into the Arrow TV series in 2012.
Moving to Marvel after four years, Friedrich scripted every issue of Iron Man but three from #48–81 (July 1972 – Dec. 1975). In issue #55 (Feb. 1973), he co-scripted the introduction of the popular characters Thanos and Drax the Destroyer, created and co-scripted by artist Jim Starlin.
Other work includes issues of Marvel's Captain America, Captain Marvel (where he worked with artist Jim Starlin on the latter's transition to writer on an acclaimed run of that series), The Power of Warlock, "Ka-Zar" in Astonishing Tales, "Ant-Man" in Marvel Feature, and The Outlaw Kid, writing a short-lived revival of Doug Wildey's Western series from Marvel's 1950s predecessor, Atlas Comics.
Friedrich's most notable contribution may be his 1970s anthology series Star*Reach, a forerunner of the independently produced comics that proliferated, beginning in the 1980s, with the rise of the "direct market" of comic-book stores. Star*Reach styled itself as a "ground-level" comic book – not an underground comix publication, but also not mainstream or "overground". Eighteen issues were released between 1974 and 1979, with Friedrich's same-name publishing company expanding to other series, including Quack; Imagine; and Lee Marrs' Pudge, Girl Blimp, along with a number of one-shot comics, before closing down. For this and other efforts, Friedrich received an Inkpot Award at the 1980 San Diego Comic-Con.
Comics historian Richard J. Arndt wrote in 2006 that Star*Reach
...was an independent comic, long before anyone seriously mentioned or had even really conceived of an indy market that could challenge the major publishers. At its beginning, Star*Reach sold through the few comic shops around, as well as head shops, or via subscriptions and mail order. ... [It] published mostly science fiction and fantasy stories, at a time when the conventional wisdom was that those genres didn't sell. Plus, they were intelligent science fiction stories. If you read Tolkien or Heinlein or Bester or Le Guin, these stories fit right in. ... Michael T. Gilbert, John Workman, Lee Marrs, Robert Gould, Dave Sim, Ken Steacy, Dean Motter, Gene Day and Paul Kirchner got their first major exposure here. ... Howard Chaykin's Cody Starbuck and Gideon Faust characters both demonstrated what Chaykin was really capable of, long before the mainstream allowed him the same creative freedom.
Friedrich closed Star*Reach as a publisher in 1979 but reopened it as a talent agency in 1982. In the 2000s, Friedrich served as Chair of the National Legislative Committee for the Graphic Artists Guild, while a member of the California/Northern chapter.
- Wulf the Barbarian #4 (1975)
- Batman #200, 219, 221–222, 225 (Batman lead stories); #202, 227, 229–231, 234–236, 239–242 (Robin backup stories) (1968–1972)
- Challengers of the Unknown #66 (1969)
- Detective Comics #384–385 (Batgirl backup stories); #386, 390–391, 402–403 (Robin backup stories); #387 (Batman lead story) (1969–1970)
- The Flash #186, 195, 197–198, 207 (1969–1971)
- Forbidden Tales of Dark Mansion #6 (1972)
- Green Lantern #61, 73–74 (1968–1970)
- House of Mystery #180 (1969)
- House of Secrets #81, 90 (1969–1971)
- Justice League of America #86–92, 94–99 (1970–1972)
- Our Army at War #207, 217, 227, 236 (1969–1971)
- Phantom Stranger vol. 2 #1–3 (1969)
- Showcase #80 (Phantom Stranger) (1969)
- Spectre #3, 9 (1968–1969)
- Superman #255 (World of Krypton backup story) (1972)
- Teen Titans #19 (1969)
- The Witching Hour #7 (1970)
- World's Finest Comics #200, 209 (1971–1972)
- Adventure into Fear #20 (Morbius, the Living Vampire) (1974)
- Astonishing Tales #16–20 (Ka-Zar) (1973)
- Captain America #171 (1974)
- Captain Marvel #24, 26–28, 35 (1973–1974)
- Dracula Lives #7 (1974)
- Iron Man #48–55, 58–75, 77, 79–81 (1972–1975)
- Ka-Zar vol. 2 #1–5 (1974)
- Marvel Feature #5–7, 9–10 (Ant Man); #12 (The Thing and Iron Man) (1972–1973)
- Marvel Super Action #1 (Bobbi Morse/Huntress) (1976)
- Outlaw Kid #10–12 (1972)
- Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos #114 (1973)
- Strange Tales #176–177 (Golem) (1974)
- Sub-Mariner #54, 56 (1972)
- Warlock #3–4, 7–8 (1972–1973)
- Werewolf by Night #16–19 (1974)
- Western Gunfighters #4–5 (1971)
- Butch Cassidy #1 (1971)
- Nightmare #1 (1970)
- Imagine #1–5 (1978–1979)
- Parsifal #1 (1978)
- Quack #1–6 (1976–1977)
- Star Reach #2–5, 7–8, 10–14, 16–18 (1975–1979)
- Within Our Reach #1 (1991)
- Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Iola, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on October 30, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- Text of Mike Friedrich statements at "Julie Schwartz: The Memorial Service". Challenger (20). Summer 2004. Archived from the original on May 31, 2010.
- Mike Friedrich at the Grand Comics Database
- Forbeck, Matt; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "1960s". Batman: A Visual History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 98. ISBN 978-1465424563.
In this milestone issue, written by Mike Friedrich and drawn by Chic Stone, the Scarecrow devised a method of radiating fear into his foes and terrified Batman and Robin.
- Forbeck "1960s" in Dougall, p. 101: "The main story, written by Mike Friedrich and drawn by Bob Brown, celebrated Batman's 30th anniversary by updating the first Batman story [from Detective Comics #27]."
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
In November's Justice League of America #94, the League of Assassins assigned the marksman Merlyn to kill Batman, as told by scripter Mike Friedrich and artist Dick Dillin.
- Adler, Matt (December 11, 2012). "Hollywood Justice #6: Who Is Merlyn?". MTV News. Archived from the original on December 12, 2015.
- Iron Man #55 at the Grand Comics Database
- "Jim Starlin interview". Adelaide Comics and Books. 2003. Archived from the original on January 5, 2010.
- Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 159. ISBN 978-0756641238.
In March , the first of Jim Starlin's many sagas of the Marvel heroes' wars against Thanos began. Scripted by Mike Friedrich, this tale [Captain Marvel #25] saw Captain Mar-Vell first meet...Thanos.
- Arndt, Richard (2013). The Star Reach Companion. TwoMorrows Publishing. pp. 5–6. ISBN 978-1605490519.
- Burchett, Rick, and Ed. Mantels, "Whizzard Talks to Steranko", Whizzard vol. 2, #11 [issue #16] (Summer 1978; published by Marty Klug, 5730 Chatport Road, St. Louis, Missouri), p.13
- "Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
- Arndt, Richard J. "The Star*Reach Bibliography". WebCitation archive.
- Seidman, David (November 29, 1994). "Company Town : Blam! Comic-Book Agents Hit the Scene : Entertainment: As the funnies are adapted for film and CD-ROM, agencies such as Star-Reach are on the rise". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016.
- "The Guild Goes to Congress" (PDF). Guild News. Graphic Artist's Guild. September–October 2002. p. 6. Retrieved January 6, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Albert, Aaron. "Wondercon Profile", About.com, n.d. WebCitation archive.
- Mike Friedrich at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
- Comic Book Artist Vol. 2, #2 (Summer 2003): Interview with Mike Friedrich
| Justice League of America writer
| Iron Man writer
| Iron Man writer