Mike Hawthorn

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For the comic book artist, see Mike Hawthorne.
Mike Hawthorn
Mike Hawthorn.jpg
Born John Michael Hawthorn
(1929-04-10)10 April 1929
Mexborough, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, UK
Died 22 January 1959(1959-01-22) (aged 29)
Near Onslow Village, Guildford, Surrey, England, UK
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality United Kingdom British
Active years 19521958
Teams Ferrari,
Vanwall,
BRM,
non-works Cooper,
non-works Maserati
Entries 47 (45 starts)
Championships 1 (1958)
Wins 3
Podiums 18
Career points 112 914 (127 914)[1]
Pole positions 4
Fastest laps 6
First entry 1952 Belgian Grand Prix
First win 1953 French Grand Prix
Last win 1958 French Grand Prix
Last entry 1958 Moroccan Grand Prix
24 Hours of Le Mans career
Participating years 1953, 19551958
Teams Jaguar Cars
Scuderia Ferrari
Best finish 1st (1955)
Class wins 1 (1955)

John Michael Hawthorn (10 April 1929 – 22 January 1959) was a British racing driver. He became the United Kingdom's first Formula One World Champion driver in 1958, whereupon he announced his retirement, having been profoundly affected by the death of his team-mate and friend Peter Collins two months earlier in the 1958 German Grand Prix. Hawthorn also won the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans, but was haunted by his involvement in the disastrous crash that marred the race. Hawthorn died in a road accident six months after retiring; he was suffering from a terminal illness at the time.

Early life[edit]

Mike Hawthorn was born in Mexborough, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, to Leslie and Winifred (née Symonds) Hawthorn,[2] and educated at Ardingly College, West Sussex, followed by studies at Chelsea technical college and an apprenticeship with a commercial vehicle manufacturer.[3] His father owned the Tourist Trophy Garage in Farnham, franchised to supply and service several high performance brands including Jaguar and Ferrari.[4] His father raced motorcycles and supported his son's racing career; when he too died in a road accident, in 1954, Mike Hawthorn inherited the business.[5]

Racing career[edit]

Mike Hawthorn made his competition debut in his 1934 Riley Ulster Imp, KV 9475, winning the 1,100 c.c. sports car class at the Brighton Speed Trials on 2 September 1950.[6] In 1951, driving a 1½-litre T.T. Riley, he entered the Motor Sport Brooklands Memorial Trophy, a season-long contest run at Goodwood, winning it by one point.[7] He also won the Ulster Trophy Handicap at Dundrod and the Leinster Trophy at Wicklow that year.[8]

By 1952, he had switched to single-seaters and during that season won his first race in a Formula Two Cooper-Bristol T20 at Goodwood. Further successes followed which brought him to the attention of Enzo Ferrari who offered him a works drive. He made his Formula One debut at the 1952 Grote Prijs van Belgie on the legendary Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, finishing in fourth place. By the end of the season, he had already secured his first podium, with a third place at the RAC British Grand Prix [9] and a brace of fourths driving a Cooper.[10]

At Scuderia Ferrari for the 1953 season, Hawthorn immediately showed his worth with victory, at his ninth attempt, in the French Grand Prix at Reims, outmanoeuvring Juan Manuel Fangio in what became dubbed 'the race of the century' with the top four drivers finishing within five seconds of each other after 60 laps.[11] This and two other podia finishes helped him end the season fourth overall.[12] He also won the BRDC International Trophy [13] and the Ulster Trophy [14] as well as the 24 Heures de Spa Francorchamps with Ferrari team-mate Giuseppe Farina.[15]

Hawthorn was less fortunate in 1954, suffering serious burns in a crash during the Gran Premio di Siracusa,[3] but finished the year with three seconds and then victory in the season finale in Spain, placing him third in the driver’s championship.[16] Following the death of his father, Hawthorn left Ferrari to race for Tony Vandervell’s Vanwall team, as he needed to spend more time at the family garage he had inherited,[3] but after two races returned to Ferrari.

1955 24 Hours of Le Mans[edit]

The 1955 Le Mans accident

In January 1955, Hawthorn joined the Jaguar racing team, replacing Stirling Moss, who had left for Mercedes.[17] Hawthorn won the 1955 les 24 Heures du Mans following what has been described as an inspired drive in which he set a lap record of 122.388 mph during a three-hour duel with Fangio in the early stages. The race was marred by the worst disaster in motor racing history - a crash which killed 84 spectators and driver Pierre Levegh, after Hawthorn had suddenly braked in front of Lance Macklin's Healey after overtaking him to enter the pits, causing Macklin to swerve into the path of Levegh's Mercedes. After colliding with the Healey, the Mercedes skipped the earthen embankment separating the spectator area from the track, bounced through spectator enclosures, then hit a concrete stairwell structure head-on. The impact shattered the front end of the car, which then somersaulted high, pitching debris into the spectator area, before landing atop the earthen embankment. The debris, including bonnet, engine, and front axle, which separated from the frame, flew through the crowd. Eight hours later, while leading the race 1.5 laps ahead of the Jaguar team, the Mercedes team withdrew from the race, ostensibly as a mark of respect for those who had perished in the accident; the Jaguar team was invited to join them but declined.[18] The French press carried photographs of Hawthorn and Ivor Bueb celebrating their win with the customary champagne but treated them with scorn.[19] The official inquiry into the accident ruled that Hawthorn was not responsible for the crash, and that it was merely a racing incident. The death of the spectators was blamed on inadequate safety standards for track design. The Grandstand and pit areas were demolished and rebuilt soon after.[19] The death toll led to a ban on motorsports in France, Spain, Switzerland, Germany and other nations, until the tracks could be brought to a higher safety standard.

Whilst sharing the Jaguar D-Type with Desmond Titterington during the 1955 RAC Tourist Trophy at Dundrod, Hawthorn passed Fangio twice, and set the lap record for the RAC Tourist Trophy on the Dundrod Circuit, only to lose in the final stages when, running on full tanks, he was passed by Moss when the D Type's engine failed on the last lap.[20][21]

1958 World Champion[edit]

Hawthorn leads Peter Collins in their Ferrari 801 cars, during the 1957 German Grand Prix

Another change of team for 1956 – this team to BRM - was a failure, and his only podium came in Argentina where the non-appearance of his BRM allowed him to guest drive a Maserati 250F.[22]

In 1957, Hawthorn rejoined the Ferrari factory team, and soon became friends with Peter Collins, a fellow Englishman and Ferrari team driver. During the 1957 and 1958 racing seasons, the two Englishmen became engaged in a fierce rivalry with Luigi Musso, another Ferrari driver, for prize money. Hawthorn won the 1958 French Grand Prix at Reims, in which Musso was fatally injured while in second place (see Rivalry with Luigi Musso below).[23]

Hawthorn driving his Ferrari to third in the Gran Premio de la Republica Argentina

Hawthorn won the 1958 Formula One Championship despite achieving only one win, against four by Moss. Leading easily in the 1958 Monaco Grand Prix at half distance, his 246 engine blew,[24] while at Monza he was a minute ahead of Tony Brooks when his clutch forced him to slow to second place.[25] Hawthorn benefited greatly from the gentlemanliness of Moss, as demonstrated at the 1958 Portuguese Grand Prix at Porto. Hawthorn was disqualified for bump starting his stalled car downhill in the opposite direction, on the way to a second-place finish. Moss interceded on Hawthorn's behalf and the decision was ultimately reversed.[26] After a pit stop midway through that race, Hawthorn accelerated back through the field to gain an extra point for fastest lap. Moss had failed to respond, possibly doubting Hawthorn could lap so fast with damaged drum brakes.[26] This extra world championship point plus the second place points contributed to Hawthorn winning the championship with a season total just one more than that of Moss. In the final race, the 1958 Moroccan Grand Prix, Hawthorn drove a conservative tactical race aiming to stay ahead of Moss's Vanwall teammates. Brooks' car broke while narrowly leading Hawthorn, and Stuart Lewis-Evans in the third Vanwall crashed after a desperate attempt to move through the field and challenge Hawthorn running third; Evans later died of burns. In the last laps, second-placed Phil Hill slowed and waved Hawthorn through to gain enough points to take the Championship; the first ever to be won by an English driver.[3][27]

After winning the title, Hawthorn immediately announced his retirement from Formula One.

Hawthorn was noted for wearing a bow tie when racing,[28][29] to the French, he became known as ‘Le Papillon’ (The Butterfly).[3]

Rivalry with Luigi Musso[edit]

Many years after the death of Mike Hawthorn, Fiamma Breschi, Luigi Musso's girlfriend at the time of his death, revealed the nature of Musso's rivalry with Hawthorn and Collins in a television documentary, The Secret Life of Enzo Ferrari. Breschi recalled that the antagonism between Musso and the two English drivers encouraged all three to take more risks:

"The Englishmen (Hawthorn and Collins) had an agreement", she says. "Whichever of them won, they would share the winnings equally. It was the two of them against Luigi, who was not part of the agreement. Strength comes in numbers, and they were united against him. This antagonism was actually favourable rather than damaging to Ferrari. The faster the drivers went, the more likely it was that a Ferrari would win." Breschi related that Musso was in debt at the time of his death, and the money for winning the 1958 Grand Prix de l’ACF (traditionally the largest monetary prize of the season), was all-important to him.[23]

After visiting the mortally-injured Musso in hospital, Breschi returned to her hotel, where she and the rest of the Ferrari team were informed by the team manager that afternoon that Musso had died. Within thirty days Collins too was dead, and the following January, Hawthorn. Breschi could not suppress a feeling of release: "I had hated them both", she said, "first because I was aware of certain facts that were not right, and also because when I came out of the hospital and went back to the hotel, I found them in the square outside the hotel, laughing and playing a game of football with an empty beer can. So when they died, too, it was liberating for me. Otherwise I would have had unpleasant feelings towards them forever. This way I could find a sense of peace."[23][30]

Hawthorn was in fact deeply affected by Musso's death. Musso had raced recklessly as he desperately needed the prize money to pay off his creditors. He had confided his financial worries to Collins with a view to obtaining help; Collins asked Hawthorn, but Hawthorn refused. His refusal was not a selfish gesture, as if he won, the prize money would go to Mlle. Delaunay, the mother of his child. When they left the hospital in Reims, Hawthorn had merely kicked a beer can that was lying on the ground; Collins bounced it back.[31]

Personal life[edit]

Mike Hawthorn never married, but fathered a son, Arnaud Michael Delaunay, by a young girl he met in Reims after winning the French Grand Prix in 1953. He was engaged at the time of his death to the fashion model Jean Howarth, who later married another racing driver, Innes Ireland, in 1992.[32]

Death[edit]

A 1959 Jaguar 3.4 Mk.1

On 22 January 1959, only months into his retirement, Hawthorn died in a car accident on the A3 Guildford bypass while driving his comprehensively-modified 1958 Jaguar 3.4-litre saloon (now known as the 3.4 Mk 1) VDU 881 to London. While the circumstances of the accident are well documented, the precise cause remains unknown.[33]

The accident occurred on a notoriously dangerous section of the road, the scene of 15 serious accidents (two fatal) in the previous two years; the road was also wet at the time. Driving at speed (one witness estimated 80 m.p.h.), Hawthorn overtook a Mercedes-Benz 300SL 'gull-wing' sports car driven by an acquaintance, the motor racing team manager Rob Walker. On entering a right-hand bend shortly after passing the Mercedes, Hawthorn clipped a 'Keep Left' bollard dividing the two carriageways, causing him to lose control. The Jaguar glanced an oncoming Bedford lorry before careering back across the eastbound carriageway sideways into a roadside tree, uprooting it. The impact caused Hawthorn fatal head injuries and propelled him onto the rear seat.

There was inevitable speculation that Hawthorn and Walker had been racing each other, fuelled by Walker's persistent refusal at the coroner's inquest to estimate the speed of his own car at the time.[34] In an interview with motor racing driver Eoin Young and writer Eric Dymock in 1988, Walker admitted he had indeed been racing Hawthorn, but had been advised by a police officer investigating the accident to make no further mention of it lest he incriminate himself.[35]

Possible causes of the accident include driver error, a blackout, or mechanical failure, although examination of the wreck revealed no obvious fault. There is evidence that Hawthorn had recently suffered blackouts, perhaps because of kidney failure.[36] By 1955, Hawthorn had already lost one kidney to infection, and had begun suffering problems with the other; he was expected at the time to live only three more years.[19]

At the Coroner's Inquest on 26 January the jury returned a verdict of accidental death.[37]

Eponymy[edit]

In Farnham, the town where he lived up to the time of his death, there is a street named Mike Hawthorn Drive (off Dogflud Way). It was in this town that Hawthorn ran the Tourist Trophy Garage which sold Jaguars, Rileys, Fiats and Ferraris. There is a hill and corner named after him at Brands Hatch and a corner at the Croft racing circuit at Croft-on-Tees in North Yorkshire, while in Towcester on the Shires estate, three miles from the Silverstone circuit, Hawthorn Drive is named after him. There is a statue at Goodwood Circuit commemorating Hawthorn as the UK's first Formula One World Champion.

Hawthorn Memorial Trophy[edit]

The Hawthorn Memorial Trophy has been awarded to the most successful British or Commonwealth F1 driver every year since 1959.[38] Nigel Mansell has won the award the most times, taking the trophy on seven occasions in eight years from 1985 to 1992. The current holder is Lewis Hamilton, the 2015 World Champion.[39]

Racing record[edit]

Career highlights[edit]

Season Series Position Team Car
1951 Motor Sport Brooklands Memorial Trophy [3] 1st Riley TT Sprite
Leinster Trophy [40] 1st Riley TT Sprite
1952 Lavant Cup [41] 1st R.J. Chase Cooper-Bristol T20
Chichester Cup [42] 1st Cooper-Bristol T20
Ibsley Grand Prix [43] 1st R.J. Chase Cooper-Bristol T20
Sussex Trophy [42] 1st Cooper-Bristol T20
Scottish National Trophy [44] 1st Leslie hawthorn Connaught-Lea Francis A
Richmond Trophy [45] 2nd Ecurie Richmond Cooper-Bristol T20
Ulster Trophy [46] 2nd Archie Bryde Cooper-Bristol T20
British Empire Trophy [47] 3rd Len Potter Frazer Nash Mille Miglia
RAC British Grand Prix [48] 3rd Leslie D. Hawthorn Cooper-Bristol T20
Daily Mail Trophy [49] 3rd Leslie D. Hawthorn Cooper-Bristol T20
FIA Formula One World Championship [10] 5th Leslie D. Hawthorn
Archie Bryde
Cooper-Bristol T20
1953 Daily Express B.R.D.C. International Trophy [13] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
Silverstone International [50] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 340 MM Barchetta Touring
Ulster Trophy [51] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
Grand Prix de l’A.C.F. [52] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
24 Heures de Spa Francorchamps [53] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 375 MM Pinin Farina Berlinetta
12 Ore di Pescara [54] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 375 MM Coupé
Goodwood Trophy [55] 1st G.A. Vandervell Ferrari Thinwall
Woodcote Cup [55] 1st G.A. Vandervell Ferrari Thinwall
Grand Prix Automobile de Pau [56] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
Grand Prix de Rouen-les-Essarts [57] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625
Gran Premio Ciudad de Buenos Aires [58] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
Großer Preis von Deutschland [59] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
Großer Preis der Schweiz [60] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
FIA Formula One World Championship [12] 4th Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
1954 Gran Premio Supercortemaggiore [61] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 735 S
RAC Tourist Trophy [62] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 750 Monza
Gran Premio de España [63] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625
RAC British Grand Prix [64] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625
Circuito de Monsanto [65] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 750 Monza
Großer Preis von Deutschland [66] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625
Gran Premio d’Italia [67] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625
FIA Formula One World Championship [16] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625
1955 Florida International Twelve Hour Grand Prix of Endurance [68] 1st B.S. Cunningham Jaguar D-Type
Les 24 Heures du Mans [69] 1st Jaguar Cars Ltd. Jaguar D-Type
London Trophy [70] 1st Stirling Moss Ltd. Maserati 250F
Gran Premio Supercortemaggiore [71] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 750 Monza
Daily Herald Trophy [72] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 750 Monza
International Gold Cup [73] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Lancia D50
1956 Daily Express International Trophy [74] 1st Jaguar Cars Ltd. Jaguar Mark VII
Gran Premio Supercortemaggiore [75] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 TR Touring
Whit Monday Trophy [76] 2nd Lotus-Climax Eleven
12 heures internationales Reims [77] 2nd Jaguar Cars Ltd. Jaguar D-Type
Gran Premio de la Republic Argentina [78] 3rd Owen Racing Organisation Maserati 250F
Sveriges Grand Prix [79] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 860 Monza
FIA Formula One World Championship [80] 11th Owen Racing Organisation
Vandervell Products
Maserati 250F
BRM P25
Vanwall VW2
1957 Daily Express International Trophy [81] 1st Jaguar Cars Jaguar 3.4 Litre
Gran Premio di Napoli [82] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari D50
Großer Preis von Deutschland [83] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 801
Gran Premio de Venezuelav [84] 2nd Equipo Ferrari Ferrari 335 S
12-Hour Florida International Grand Prix of Endurance for The Amoco Trophy [85] 3rd Jaguar Cars North America Jaguar D-Type
Internationales ADAC 1000 Kilometer Rennen auf dem Nürburgring [86] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 315 S
RAC British Grand Prix [87] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 801
FIA Formula One World Championship [88] 4th Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 801
1958 FIA FORMULA ONE WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP [89] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246
Glover Trophy [90] 1st Ferrari 246
International Daily Express Trophy [91] 1st Jaguar 3.4 Litre
Grand Prix de l’ACF [92] 1st Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246
Internationales ADAC 1000 Kilometer Rennen Nürburgring [93] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR 58
Grote Prijs van Belgie [94] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246
RAC British Grand Prix [95] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246
Grande Prémio de Portugal [96] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246
Gran Premio d’Italia [97] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246
Grand Prix du Maroc [98] 2nd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246
Gran Premio de la Republica Argentina [99] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246
Targa Florio [100] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR 58
500 Millas de Monza [101] 3rd Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 296 Mi

Complete Formula One World Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 WDC Pts.[1]
1952 LD Hawthorn Cooper T20 Bristol I6 SUI
500
BEL
4
GBR
3
GER
NED
4
ITA
Ret
5th 10
AHM Bryde Cooper T20 Bristol I6 FRA
Ret
1953 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari I4 ARG
4
500
NED
4
BEL
6
FRA
1
GBR
5
GER
3
SUI
3
ITA
4
4th 19 (27)
1954 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625 Ferrari I4 ARG
DSQ
500
BEL
4*
GBR
2
GER
2*
SUI
Ret
ITA
2
3rd 24 914
Ferrari 553 Ferrari I4 FRA
Ret
ESP
1
1955 Vandervell Products Ltd. Vanwall Vanwall I4 ARG
MON
Ret
500
BEL
Ret
NC 0
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 555 Ferrari I4 NED
7
ITA
10
Ferrari 625 Ferrari I4 GBR
6*
1956 Owen Racing Organisation Maserati 250F Maserati I6 ARG
3
BEL
DNS
12th 4
BRM P25 BRM I4 MON
DNS
500
GBR
Ret
GER
ITA
Vandervell Products Ltd. Vanwall Vanwall I4 FRA
10*
1957 Scuderia Ferrari Lancia-Ferrari D50A Lancia V8 ARG
Ret
MON
Ret
500
4th 13
Ferrari 801 Lancia V8 FRA
4
GBR
3
GER
2
PES
ITA
6
1958 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Dino 246 Ferrari V6 ARG
3
MON
Ret
NED
5
500
BEL
2
FRA
1
GBR
2
GER
Ret
POR
2
ITA
2
MOR
2
1st 42 (49)

* Indicates Shared Drive

Non-Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1952 Mike Hawthorn Cooper T20 Bristol Straight-6 RIO SYR VAL RIC
2
LAV
1
PAU IBS
1
MAR AST INT
Ret
ELÄ NAP EIF PAR ALB FRO ULS
2
MNZ LAC ESS MAR
7
SAB CAE DAI
3
COM NEW
DNS
RIO
Connaught Engineering Connaught Type A Lea-Francis Straight-4 NAT
1
BAU MOD CAD SKA MAD AVU JOE
1953 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari I4 SYR
Ret*
PAU
2
LAV AST BOR INT
1
ELÄ NAP ULS
1
WIN FRO COR EIF ALB PRI GRE ESS MID ROU
2
STR CRY AVU USF LAC DRE BRI CHE SAB NEW CAD SAC RED SKA LON MOD
Mike Hawthorn Cooper T20 Bristol Straight-6 MAD
DNA
BER JOE CUR
1954 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625 Ferrari I4 SYR
Ret
PAU LAV BOR INT BAR CUR ROM FRO COR BRC CRY ROU
Ret
CAE AUG COR OUL
DNA
RED PES SAC JOE CAD BER GOO
Vandervell Products Ltd. Vanwall Vanwall I4 DAI
2
1955 Vandervell Products Ltd. Vanwall Vanwall I4 NZL BUE VAL PAU GLO
DNA
BOR INT
Ret
NAP ALB CUR COR
Stirling Moss Maserati
250F
Maserati
Straight-6
LON
1
DAR RED DAT
Scuderia Ferrari Lancia D50 Lancia V8 OUT
2
AVO
DNA
SYR
1956 Owen Racing Organisation Maserati 250F Maserati Straight-6 BUE
8
BRM P25 BRM I4 GLV
Ret
SYR AIN
Ret
INT
Ret
NAP 100 VNW CAE SUS BRH
1957 Scuderia Ferrari Lancia D50 Lancia V8 BUE
4
SYR PAU GLV NAP
2
RMS
Ret
CAE INT MOD
Ferrari Dino 246 Ferrari V6 MOR
Ret
1958 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Dino 246 Ferrari V6 BUE GLV
1
SYR AIN INT CAE
* Indicates shared drive with Alberto Ascari

Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1953 Italy Scuderia Ferrari Italy Giuseppe Farina Ferrari 340 MM Pininfarina Berlinetta S5.0 12 DSQ
(Illegal refuel)
1955 United Kingdom Jaguar Cars Ltd. United Kingdom Ivor Bueb Jaguar D-Type S5.0 307 1st 1st
1956 United Kingdom Jaguar Cars Ltd. United Kingdom Ivor Bueb Jaguar D-Type S5.0 280 6th 3rd
1957 Italy Scuderia Ferrari Italy Luigi Musso Ferrari 335 S S5.0 56 DNF
(Engine)
1958 Italy Scuderia Ferrari United Kingdom Peter Collins Ferrari 250 TR 58 S3.0 112 DNF
(Clutch)

Complete 12 Hours of Sebring results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1955 United States B.S. Cunningham United States Phil Walters Jaguar D-Type S5.0 182 1st 1st
1956 United States Jaguar of New York Distributors Inc. United Kingdom Desmond Titterington Jaguar D-Type S5.0 162 DNF
(Brakes)
1957 United States Jaguar Cars of North America United Kingdom Ivor Bueb Jaguar D-Type S5.0 193 3rd 2nd
1958 Italy Scuderia Ferrari West Germany Wolfgang von Trips Ferrari 250 TR 58 S3.0 159 DNF
(Transmission)

Complete 24 Hours of Spa results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1953 Italy Scuderia Ferrari Italy Giuseppe Farina Ferrari 375 MM Pininfarina Berlinetta S 260 1st 1st

Complete Mille Miglia results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Pos. Class
Pos.
1953 Italy Ferrari Spa Italy Azelio Cappi Ferrari 250 MM Vignale Spyder S+2.0 DNF
(Brakes)

Complete 12 Hours of Reims results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Pos. Class
Pos.
1956 United Kingdom Jaguar Cars Belgium Paul Frère Jaguar D-Type S3.5 2nd 2nd

Complete 12 Hours of Pescara results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Pos. Class
Pos.
1953 Italy Scuderia Ferrari Italy Umberto Maglioli Ferrari 375 MM Pininfarina Berlinetta S+2.0 1st 1st

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Up until 1990, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see list of points scoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  2. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Bailey Skilleter, “Mike Hawthorn: Golden Boy" (PJ Publishing Ltd., ISBN 978-1-908658-06-7, 2015)
  4. ^ "Mike Hawthorn - a Tribute ... The Tourist Trophy Garage:Standard Atlas Van Project". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Mike Hawthorn - A tribute". Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  6. ^ Motor Sport, October 1950, Page 493; Motor Sport, August 1951, Page 379.
  7. ^ Motor Sport, September 1951, Page 432.
  8. ^ Motor Sport, January 1952, Page 11.
  9. ^ "British GP, 1952 Race Report - GP Encyclopedia - F1 History on Grandprix.com". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "Results 1952 Formula 1 Season". F1 Fansite. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "French GP, 1953 Race Report - GP Encyclopedia - F1 History on Grandprix.com". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "Results 1953 Formula 1 Season". F1 Fansite. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "Formula 2 1953 - International Trophy". www.formula2.net. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  14. ^ "Formula 2 1953 - Ulster Trophy". www.formula2.net. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  15. ^ "Spa 24 Hours". Racing Sports Cars. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  16. ^ a b "Results 1954 Formula 1 Season". F1 Fansite. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  17. ^ A letter from Mike Hawthorn. Mike-hawthorn.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  18. ^ "Mike Hawthorn & the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans: The Cause and the Effect". ConceptCarz.com. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  19. ^ a b c Deadliest Crash:the Le Mans 1955 Disaster BBC Four documentary, broadcast 16 May 2010
  20. ^ Evans, Art (28 February 2012). "History of the Tourist Trophy – Race Profile". Sports Car Digest. Off Camber Group, Inc. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  21. ^ The Motor. Temple Press Limited. 1959. p. 5. 
  22. ^ "Argentine GP, 1956 Race Report - GP Encyclopedia - F1 History on Grandprix.com". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  23. ^ a b c "French GP, 1958 Race Report - GP Encyclopedia - F1 History on Grandprix.com". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  24. ^ "Monaco GP, 1958 Race Report - GP Encyclopedia - F1 History on Grandprix.com". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  25. ^ "Italian GP, 1958 Race Report - GP Encyclopedia - F1 History on Grandprix.com". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  26. ^ a b "Portuguese GP, 1958 Race Report - GP Encyclopedia - F1 History on Grandprix.com". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  27. ^ "Morocco GP, 1958 Race Report - GP Encyclopedia - F1 History on Grandprix.com". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  28. ^ Daley, Robert (15 April 2005). The Cruel Sport: Grand Prix Racing 1959-1967. St. Paul, MN USA: MotorBooks International. p. xv. ISBN 978-0-76032-100-3. Retrieved 4 February 2013. The world champion that year was the Ferrari driver Mike Hawthorn, a tall, blond young man who always wore a bow tie when racing. Always. He considered this important. It was his style. 
  29. ^ Salmon, Dick (1 May 2007). Brm: A Mechanic's Tale. Dorchester, UK: Veloce Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-84584-082-2. Retrieved 4 February 2013. Invariably he would greet his friend Peter Collins with the words 'mon ami, mate' and was famous for his bow tie, which earned him the nickname 'Le Pappilon' (sic), meaning the butterfly. 
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Lance Macklin
BRDC International Trophy winner
1953
Succeeded by
José Froilán González
Preceded by
Peter Collins
Pat Griffith
RAC Tourist Trophy
1954 with:
Maurice Trintignant
Succeeded by
Stirling Moss
John Fitch
Preceded by
José Froilán González
Maurice Trintignant
Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1955 with:
Ivor Bueb
Succeeded by
Ron Flockhart
Ninian Sanderson
Preceded by
Juan Manuel Fangio
Formula One World Champion
1958
Succeeded by
Jack Brabham
Records
Preceded by
Alberto Ascari
34 years, 16 days
(1952 season)
Youngest Formula One
World Drivers' Champion

29 years, 192 days
(1958 season)
Succeeded by
Jim Clark
27 years, 188 days
(1963 season)