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Mike Webster

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Mike Webster
refer to caption
Webster in 1970 at Rhinelander High School.
No. 52, 53
Personal information
Born:(1952-03-18)March 18, 1952
Tomahawk, Wisconsin, U.S.
Died:September 24, 2002(2002-09-24) (aged 50)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Height:6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
Weight:255 lb (116 kg)
Career information
High school:Rhinelander
(Rhinelander, Wisconsin)
NFL draft:1974 / Round: 5 / Pick: 125
Career history
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Games played:245
Games started:217
Fumble recoveries:6
Player stats at PFR

Michael Lewis Webster (March 18, 1952 – September 24, 2002) was an American football center in the National Football League (NFL) from 1974 to 1990 with the Pittsburgh Steelers and Kansas City Chiefs. He is a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, class of 1997. Nicknamed "Iron Mike", Webster anchored the Steelers' offensive line during much of their run of four Super Bowl victories from 1974 to 1979 and is considered by many the greatest center in NFL history.[1]

Webster died in 2002 at the age of 50 of a heart attack. The brain disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) was initially discovered in his brain during his autopsy.[2]

Early life[edit]

Webster was born in Tomahawk, Wisconsin on March 18, 1952, the second child of six children. Webster grew up on a 640-acre potato farm near Harshaw, Wisconsin. As a child, Webster idolized Green Bay Packers fullback Jim Taylor. Webster attended Rhinelander High School, where he earned several awards in wrestling and participated in track and field. Due to Webster's responsibilities on his family's farm, he did not start playing football until his junior year. His coach Dave Lechnir had to drive Webster home after practice so the latter could get home in time to do his chores. Despite Webster's late introduction to the game, he quickly learned how to command the offensive line and earned a football scholarship.[3]

College career[edit]

Following his graduation in 1969, Webster committed to the University of Wisconsin–Madison.[4]

Webster was regarded as the best center in the Big Ten during most of his career with the Badgers.

Professional career[edit]

Pittsburgh Steelers[edit]

At 6-foot-1, 255 pounds, he was selected in the fifth round of the 1974 NFL draft by the Pittsburgh Steelers. Serving as a backup at center and guard for two years while being mentored by veteran center Ray Mansfield, Webster became the team's starting center in 1976, where he remained for 150 consecutive games. He was the Steelers' offensive captain for nine years.[5] This ended in 1986 when he dislocated his elbow, causing him to sit out for four games. With the Steelers winning Super Bowl IX, X, XIII, and XIV, Webster and Terry Bradshaw form one of the best-known center–quarterback pairs in history. Webster was honored as an All-Pro seven times and played in the Pro Bowl nine times.

An avid weightlifter, Webster was known for playing with bare arms to keep opponents from grabbing his sleeves.[6] Webster is also perhaps the best known of a long line of All-Pro centers for the Steelers.[citation needed] From 1964 to 2020, just five men started at that position: Mansfield, Webster, Dermontti Dawson, Jeff Hartings, and Maurkice Pouncey, with the only exceptions being injuries as well as a three year period between 2007 and 2009 when the center position alternated between journeymen Sean Mahan and Justin Hartwig. In his last year in Pittsburgh, Webster returned the favor by mentoring the then-rookie Dawson in the same manner Mansfield had mentored Webster earlier in his career.[citation needed]

Kansas City Chiefs[edit]

Webster became a free agent after the 1988 season. He was signed by the Kansas City Chiefs, who initially made him an offensive line coach before allowing him to return as the starting center. Webster played two seasons in Kansas City before announcing his retirement on March 11, 1991, after a 17-year career with a total of 245 games played at center.[7]

Retirement and legacy[edit]

At the time of his retirement, he was the last active player in the NFL to have played on all four Super Bowl winning teams of the 1970s Steelers. At the time of his retirement, he had played more seasons as a Steeler than anyone else in franchise history (15 seasons), one season ahead of Terry Bradshaw and Hines Ward. Ben Roethlisberger tied Webster's record in the 2018 season, and broke it in 2019[8]

Despite the Steelers ceasing officially retiring jersey numbers at the time of his retirement, Webster's No. 52 has not been reissued by the team since he retired in deference to his legacy with the Steelers. In 1999, he was ranked number 75 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Football Players. The football stadium at Rhinelander High School, his alma mater, is named Mike Webster Stadium in his honor.[9] Webster was posthumously elected to the Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame in 2007.[10]

Post-football life[edit]

Webster was proven to have been disabled before retiring from the NFL.[11] After retirement, Webster had amnesia, dementia, depression, and acute bone and muscular pain. He lived out of his pickup truck or in train stations between Wisconsin and Pittsburgh, despite friends and former teammates offering to rent apartments for him. Teammate and fellow hall of famer Terry Bradshaw regularly covered expenses for Webster and his family, while Steelers owner Dan Rooney paid for a hotel room for Webster for over three months.[12] Nonetheless, Webster continued to disappear for weeks at a time without explanation and without contact with friends and family. He exhibited unusual changes in behavior, and became so agitated and restless that he used electroshock weapons on himself to induce sleep.[13]

In his last years Webster lived with his youngest son, Garrett, who though only a teenager at the time, moved from Wisconsin to Pittsburgh to care for his father. Webster's wife Pamela divorced him six months before his death in 2002, due to a heart attack, at the age of 50.[14][15][16]

Webster was cremated and his ashes were returned to his wife and their four children.[17]


After death, Webster was diagnosed with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a neurodegenerative disease.[18] Webster was the first former NFL player diagnosed with CTE. Dr. Bennet Omalu, a forensic neuropathologist, examined tissue from Webster and eight other NFL players and determined they all showed the kind of brain damage previously seen in people with Alzheimer's disease or dementia, as well as in some retired boxers.[14] Webster's brain resembled those of boxers with "dementia pugilistica", also known as "punch-drunk syndrome".[2][19] Omalu's findings were largely ignored by the NFL until Cincinnati Bengals wide receiver Chris Henry was diagnosed with CTE shortly after his death at age 26 in 2009.[20] Webster's son Garrett now serves as the administrator to the Brain Injury Research Institute in Pittsburgh, which is dedicated to encouraging individuals who have had head trauma to donate their brains after death as well as being an advocate to players who have similar conditions that his father had.[2]

It has been speculated that Webster's ailments were due to wear and tear sustained over his playing career; some doctors estimated he had been in the equivalent of "25,000 automobile crashes" in over 25 years of playing football at the high school, college and professional levels. His wife Pamela stated years later that she felt that she caused Webster's change in personality in the years before his death and placed guilt on herself over her decision to divorce Webster, until discovering after his death about the CTE diagnosis.[2] Webster played during an era when protective equipment (especially helmets) was inferior, and head injuries were considered part of the game of football.[citation needed]

At the time of his death, Webster was addicted to prescription medication.[21]

Nicknamed "Iron Mike", Webster's reputation for durability led him to play even through injuries. Contrary to rumors, Webster never admitted to using anabolic steroids during his career, even though they were legal at the time.[citation needed]

His struggle with mental illness, as a result of CTE, at the end of his life was depicted in the 2015 film Concussion. Webster was portrayed by David Morse and Dr. Bennet Omalu was portrayed by Will Smith. He is one of at least 345 NFL players to be diagnosed after death with this disease, which is caused by repeated hits to the head.[22][23]


Webster's estate brought a lawsuit in Maryland's United States District Court against the National Football League. The estate contended that Webster was disabled at the time of his retirement, and was owed $1.142 million in disability payments under the NFL's retirement plan. On April 26, 2005, a federal judge ruled that the NFL benefits plan owed Webster's estate $1.18 million in benefits.[11] With the addition of interest and fees, that amount was estimated to exceed $1.60 million. The NFL appealed the ruling. On December 13, 2006, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in Richmond, Virginia, upheld the Baltimore federal judge's 2005 ruling that the league's retirement plan must pay benefits reserved for players whose disabilities began while they were still playing football.[24]


  1. ^ Literary and Cultural Heritage Map of PA. Mike Webster Archived October 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d Late Steelers great Webster's case launched the CTE brain debate Archived June 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine emotion based reference Pittsburgh Post-Gazette May 14, 2013
  3. ^ De la rosa, Poach (October 1, 2022). "The Life And Career Of Mike Webster (Story)". Pro Football History. Retrieved October 10, 2023.
  4. ^ Gordon, Meryl (September 4, 2019). "Before 'Concussion': An Inside Glimpse of NFL Player Mike Webster's Utterly Tragic Final Days". The Healthy. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  5. ^ "Mike Webster". Archived from the original on May 7, 2018. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  6. ^ Colin Webster. Reflections in Iron: Mike Webster’s Training Methods Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. 2011.
  7. ^ People: Pro Football; "Webster Retires". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2020. {{cite news}}: Check |url= value (help)
  8. ^ DeArdo, Brian (September 27, 2020). "Ben Roethlisberger breaks Mike Webster's record for most games played with Steelers". CBS sports. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  9. ^ Hodag Facilities Foundation :: Home Archived July 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Class of 2007". Wisconsin Athletics Hall of Fame. 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  11. ^ a b "Webster v. NFL" (PDF). ESPN. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 7, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
  12. ^ Jeanne Marie Laksak, Concussion (2015). ISBN 0812987578
  13. ^ Laksak, 2015
  14. ^ a b Frontline. "The Autopsy That Changed Football". PBS. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  15. ^ Frank Litsky. "Mike Webster, 50, Dies; Troubled Football Hall of Famer Archived February 11, 2017, at the Wayback Machine". The New York Times, September 25, 2002. Accessed December 26, 2015.
  16. ^ "Tyler Drenon. "Mike Webster autopsy 'one of the most significant moments in the history of sports' Archived January 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine". SB Nation, October 8, 2013.
  17. ^ Garber, Greg (January 28, 2005). "Sifting through the ashes". ESPN.com. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  18. ^ "Researchers: Late NFL player had degenerative brain condition - ESPN". January 27, 2009. Archived from the original on February 20, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2009.
  19. ^ Laskas, Jeanne Marie (September 15, 2009). "Game Brain: Football Players and Concussions". GQ. Archived from the original on November 11, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  20. ^ Chris Henry data sound football alarm , ESPN. com, Johnette Howard, June 29, 2010.
  21. ^ Engber, Daniel (December 21, 2015). "Concussion Lies". Slate. The Slate Group. Archived from the original on December 25, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
  22. ^ "The driving force behind Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)". Concussion Legacy Foundation. Archived from the original on July 2, 2023. Retrieved July 2, 2023.
  23. ^ Ken Belson and Benjamin Mueller (June 20, 2023). "Collective Force of Head Hits, Not Just the Number of Them, Increases Odds of C.T.E. The largest study of chronic traumatic encephalopathy to date found that the cumulative force of head hits absorbed by players in their careers is the best predictor of future brain disease". The New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2023.
  24. ^ Hack, Damon (December 14, 2006). "Former Steeler's Family Wins Disability Ruling". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 11, 2022.

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