|Birth name||Michael John David Westbrook|
|Born||21 March 1936|
High Wycombe, England
|Occupation(s)||Jazz pianist, composer|
Mike Westbrook was born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England, and grew up in Torquay. After a spell in accountancy and his National Service (some of it in Germany) he went to art school, studying painting, in Plymouth. There he also began his first bands in 1958, soon joined by such musicians as John Surman, Lou Gare and Keith Rowe.
After moving to London in 1962, Westbrook led numerous bands, large and small, and played regularly at the Old Place and the Little Theatre Club at Garrick Yard, St Martin's Lane. Together with Chris McGregor's Brotherhood of Breath, Westbrook shared the role of house-band at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club.
He became a key figure in the development of British jazz, producing several big-band records for the Deram label, with the newly formed Mike Westbrook Concert Band, between 1967 and 1969. These featured such musicians as Surman, Mike Osborne and Harry Miller. The band varied in size from 10 to 26 musicians.
His music was given exposure on BBC Radio, on the Jazz Club and Jazz Scene programmes on BBC Radio One, and he started to act as a presenter and commentator on new British Jazz through 1968 and 1969. He was featured on BBC TV, when Jazz Scene transferred to the BBC 2 TV service. The station broadcast The Mike Westbrook Concert Band performing 'Metropolis', based on Westbrook's impressions of first visiting London, on Tuesday 25 November 1969 at 20.45 from the Ronnie Scott Club. The British Arts Council awarded Westbrook a bursary to develop 'Metropolis' for an enlarged Concert Band, and the jazz suite was further broadcast on BBC Radio Three on Friday 9 January 1970 at 21.00. Westbrook's compositions and performances were regularly broadcast by the BBC throughout the 1970s and 1980s. 'Metropolis' was recorded at Landsdowne Studios, London, on 3, 4 and 5 August 1971 and released by on RCA Victor in the UK and Japan. A further major extended orchestral composition, 'Citadel/Room 315', featuring saxophonist John Surman, was recorded in March 1975.
The 1970s saw a wide range of different projects. Cosmic Circus, jointly founded with John Fox, who was also a composer, specialised in large scale, one-off high technology shows involving high-divers, tight-rope, carnival processions and more. It was part of Earthrise Tour in the UK (May 1970 to October 1971). This included also singer/vocalist Norma Winstone who performed on several of the band's albums at the time.
Adrian Mitchell drew Mike Westbrook in for his musical Tyger on the life of William Blake for the Royal National Theatre. This would become a major influence on Mike Westbrook's work (see paragraph on later work below).
In 1972 and 1973, he also worked in the context of his jazz-rock band Solid Gold Cadillac. The most consequential effect of this was the participation of Phil Minton. His unmistakable voice would feature in many of Westbrook's later projects. A live performance of Solid Gold Cadillac (at the Paris Theatre in London) has been repeatedly broadcast by BBC Radio 6 between 2002 and 2007.
In March 1977, the Mike Westbrook Brass Band, avant-rock group Henry Cow and folk singer Frankie Armstrong merged to form the Orckestra. The ensemble performed in London and several cities in Europe, their last concert being in Bordeaux, France, in May 1978.
His work for the theatre began with Adrian Mitchell's Tyger, a celebration of William Blake, staged by the Royal National Theatre in 1971. This became a vehicle for his Brass Band of the 1970s and 1980s and the LP The Westbrook Blake – Bright As Fire followed on in 1980. A revised and expanded version of the work was re-recorded in 1997 and named Glad Day. Westbrook recorded the poem "The Human Abstract" in 1982.
The Brass Band also recorded Mama Chicago, described as a "Jazz Cabaret", which featured the voices of Phil Minton and Kate Westbrook. The album was released on CD for the first time in 2007. More recently Mike Westbrook has developed the work further and it now includes an adult choir and on occasion, a children's choir at live performances.
Further works of note include On Duke's Birthday, which was dedicated to the memory of Duke Ellington, which was reissued on CD in the summer of 2007, Big Band Rossini, which was featured in the 1992 BBC Proms, and Chanson Irresponsable (2002), commissioned by BBC Radio 3, which brings together jazz and classical musicians in the New Westbrook Orchestra. Westbrook was awarded an OBE in 1988, and in 2004 the University of Plymouth awarded him an Honorary Doctorate of Music.
Other projects include ART WOLF inspired by the life and work of the Alpine painter Caspar Wolf. In this Kate and Mike Westbrook are joined by saxophonists Pete Whyman and Chris Biscoe. In another project the couple have been joined by four leading Devon musicians to form the Village Band. The acoustic brass band perform many jazz standards and an original piece, the Waxeywork Show, with music written by Mike and text by Kate. The band perform mainly in the Devon and Cornwall area and in 2006 they performed several times at the London Jazz Festival.
More recent projects include Fine 'n Yellow, a piece written in celebration of the lives of Margery and John Styles, two friends who were founders of the Westbrook newsletter, The Smith's Academy Informer. The piece was recorded and CD copies were given to subscribers of the newsletter. It has since had a general CD release. Kate and Mike were once again joined by saxophonists Pete Whyman and Chris Biscoe. Steve Berry played bass and Jon Hiseman featured on drums. The piece received its first public performance in a concert that marked Mike Westbrook's 75th birthday at Kings Place in London on 2 April 2011. The musicians at the performance with Kate and Mike Westbrook were Chris Biscoe, Chris Caldwell and Andy Tweed, saxophones; Karen Street, saxophone and accordion; Steve Berry, bass; and Simon Pearson, drums. Another work was premiered at this concert, The Serpent Hit, which used the above musicians but without Steve Berry. The Serpent Hit, like Fine 'n Yellow, has texts by Kate Westbrook and music by Mike Westbrook. Yet another project finds Mike working with some of the finest west country musicians in The Mike Westbrook Big Band. They play a number of Westbrook originals and Mike's arrangements of pieces by Duke Ellington and others.
In 2012, the trio released Three into Wonderfull, an album digitally re-mastered by Jon Hiseman, presenting a cross-section of the group's recordings over three decades as well as previously unreleased material from the mid-1990s.
The Mike Westbrook Big Band, also now known as The Uncommon Orchestra, released an album called A Bigger Show in 2016. Recorded in concert at the Barnfield Theatre (Exeter) by Jon Hiseman and Miles Ashton, it is a reworking of the Waxeywork Show originally performed by The Village Band. The 21-member line-up include long-term Westbrook collaborators such as Dave Holdsworth and Alan Wakeman, as well as younger, rising musicians.
Mike Westbrook was 80 years old in 2016 and as part of the celebrations recorded his first solo piano album for 40 years, entitled PARIS. It was recorded live over two nights at Hélène Aziza's art gallery in Paris by drummer Jon Hiseman.
- Celebration (Deram, 1967)
- Release (Deram, 1969) – UK LP has a 1969 publishing date on the label and 1968 on the sleeve, most internet sources suggest 1968 as the year of release.
- Marching Song Vol. 1 & 2 (Deram, 1970)[2LP] – rec. 1969
- Love Songs (Deram, 1970)
- Metropolis (RCA Neon, 1971)
- Tyger (RCA, 1971)
- Live (Cadillac, 1972)
- Solid Gold Cadillac, Solid Gold Cadillac (RCA, 1972)
- Solid Gold Cadillac, Brain Damage (RCA, 1973)
- Citadel/Room 315 (RCA, 1974)
- For The Record (Transatlantic, 1975)
- Love/Dream and Variations (Transatlantic, 1976)
- Piano (Original, 1978) – rec. 1976–77
- Goose Sauce (Original, 1978)
- Mama Chicago (RCA, 1979)[2CD]
- The Westbrook Blake – Bright As Fire (Original, 1980)
- The Paris Album (Polydor, 1981)[2LP]
- The Cortège (Original, 1983) – rec. 1982
- A Little Westbrook Music (Westbrook, 1983)
- On Duke's Birthday (Hathut, 1985) – live rec. 1984
- Love For Sale (hat ART, 1986)[2LP] – rec. 1985
- Pier Rides with Kate Westbrook, Peter Whyman, Brian Godding (Westbrook, 1986)
- Westbrook-Rossini (hat ART, 1987) – rec. 1986
- London Bridge Is Broken Down with Kate Westbrook (Venture, 1988)[3LP] – rec. 1987
- Off Abbey Road (TipToe, 1990) – rec. 1989
- Westbrook-Rossini, Zürich Live 1986 (hat ART, 1994) – live rec. 1986
- Stage Set with Kate Westbrook (ASC, 1996) – rec. 1995
- Bar Utopia (ASC, 1996)
- Love or Infatuation with Kate Westbrook (ASC, 1997)
- The Orchestra of Smith's Academy (Enja, 1998) – rec. 1992, 1995
- Platterback (PAO, 1999) – rec. 1998
- Glad Day (Settings of William Blake) (Enja, 1999)[2CD] – rec. 1997
- The Ass (Jazzprint, 2001) – rec. 1985
- L'ascenseur: Lift (Jazzprint, 2002)
- Chanson Irresponsable with The New Westbrook Orchestra (Enja, 2003)[2CD]
- Art Wolf with Kate Westbrook (Altrisuoni, 2005) – rec. 2004
- Waxeywork Show with The Village Band (Jazzprint, 2007)
- Allsorts (ASC, 2009) – compilation
- Fine 'n' Yellow with Kate Westbrook (Gonzo Multimedia, 2010) – rec. 2009
- Mama Chicago (Gonzo Multimedia, 2010)[DVD-Video] – rec. 1981
- Three Into Wonderfull (Voiceprint, 2012) – compilation
- The Serpent Hit with Kate Westbrook (Westbrook, 2013)
- Glad Day – Live (Westbrook, 2014)[DVD-Video + CD] – live
- A Bigger Show (ASC, 2016)[2CD] – live rec. 2015
- PARIS (ASC, 2016)
- Starcross Bridge (hatology, 2017)
- Last Night At The Old Place (Cadillac, 2018)
- Catania (Westbrook, 2019)
- Love and Understanding: Citadel/Room 315 Sweden '74 (My Only Desire, 2020)[2LP/CD] – live rec. 1974
- London Bridge Live in Zurich 1990 (Westbrook, 2022) – live rec. 1990
- "A Life of Its Own" (1969)
- "The Human Abstract" (1982) (Original Records: ABO 8)
- Ian Carr, Music Outside: Contemporary Jazz in Britain, 2nd edn. London: Northway Publications, 2008, ISBN 978-0955090868
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. p. 1245. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
- The Wire, 1985
- "Official Kate and Mike Westbrook Website". 12 February 2011. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011.
- "Mike Westbrook: England's Dreamer", Jazz Times, May 2005.
- Ian Carr, Digby Fairweather, Brian Priestly (eds), The Rough Guide to Jazz, 3rd edition, 2004.
- "Montreux Sounds official website". Montreuxsounds.com. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011.
- "Search Results - BBC Genome". Genome.ch.bbc.co.uk.
- "Mike Westbrook Orchestra - Metropolis". Discogs.com. 1971.
- Cotterrell, Roger. ‘Recording Mike Westbrook’s ‘Citadel’’ Jazz Journal vol 28, no. 6 (June 1975) 4-5.
- "Archived version from 2008". Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- "John Fox talks to David Haley". Ashdendirectory.org.uk/. 2008. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- Chilton, John (ed.), Who's Who of British Jazz: 2nd Edition, Continuum International Publishing, 2004, p. 384. ISBN 0-826-4723-46
- "Mike Westbrook + Kate Westbrook: Jazz, Avantgarde, Opera". Westbrookjazz.de. Archived from the original on 31 August 2010.
- "Henry Cow Chronology". Calyx: The Canterbury Music Website. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
- Cotterrell, Roger. ‘Mike Westbrook: Taking Music to the People’ Jazz Forum 39 (Jan 1976), 38-41.
- PhilJohnson (5 June 1999). "Arts: Looking for a lost England". Independent.co.uk. Archived from the original on 14 May 2022. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Three into wonderfull". Westbrookjazz.co.uk. Retrieved 13 July 2013.