Mikhail Samuilovich Agursky (Russian: Михаи́л Самуи́лович Агу́рский; 1933 – 21 August 1991), real name Melik Samuilovich Agursky (Russian: Мэ́лик Самуилович Агу́рский), was a Jewish sovietologist, cybernetic and historian of National Bolshevism. Agursky was a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Mikhail Agursky was the pen name of Melik Agursky. Other variations of the name are Melir (Russian: Мэлир) and Melib (Russian: Мэлиб).
Mikhail Agursky was born as Melik Samuilovich Agursky (Мэ́лик Самуилович Агу́рский) in Moscow in 1933 to a Jewish family. His father Samuel Agursky was revolutionary and historian. Mikhail Agursky received an education in engineering and defended a dissertation on cybernetics. In 1975 he emigrated to Israel. Agursky became a Fellow of the Soviet and East European Research Center at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His book "The Ideology of National Bolshevism" was published in Paris in 1980. On 21 August 1991 Agursky was found dead on in his hotel room in Moscow.